1. And he told them, "Amen, I am telling you, there are human beings who rise
again, who will not taste death until they see the Kingdom of God coming in power."
2. And after six days, Jesus fetched Keepa [Peter] and James and John, and took them
up to the mountain by themselves. And he became transformed before their eyes.
3. And his clothing sparkled and he became immaculate white like snow, as such no
human being on earth could ever be white.
4. And they saw [a vision.] To them, Moses and Elijah were speaking to Jesus.
5. And Keepa [Peter] said to him, "Master, it would be wonderful for us to remain
here. And I will make three tents, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah."
6. He did not know what to say, for they were in total fear.*
7. And there was a cloud and a shadow fell on them, and the voice from the cloud
said, "This is my beloved Son, to him you shall listen."
8. And suddenly the disciples looked and they did not see anyone,* except for Jesus
alone, together with themselves.
9. And as they went down from the mountain, he instructed them to tell no one* what
they saw, "Except when the Son of Man rises from the dead."
10. And they held the manifestation in their souls, and they prayed as to what that
manifestation was regarding, when he would rise from the dead.
11.And they asked him and said, "Why do the scribes still say that Elijah is
destined* to come first?"
12. And he told them, "Elijah comes first so that everything is fulfilled, and
whereas it is written about the Son of Man, that he will receive sorrow and be denigrated.
13. "Except, I am telling you, Elijah has already* come, and they did to him
whatever they pleased, just as it was written about him."
14. And as he came to his disciples, he saw a great crowd had [gathered
around] them, and scribes arguing with them.
15. And immediately* all the crowd saw him and were amazed and ran to him,
asking for his peace.*
16. And he asked the scribes, "What are you discussing with them?"
17. And one from the crowd replied, "Educator, I brought my son, who has
the spirit of not talking, to you,
18. "And when it seizes him, it convulses him, and he foams at the mouth and
grinds his teeth and stiffens. And I told your disciples to cast him out, and they
19. Jesus replied and told him, "O, faithless generation, until when shall I
with you? And until when shall I minister to you? Bring him to me."
20. And they brought him to [Jesus,] and as the spirit saw him, it immediately*
racked him and he fell on the ground and convulsed and foamed [at the
21. And Jesus asked his father, "How long has he been like this?*" He told
him, "Ever since he was a boy.*
22. "And for long periods* [the spirit] casts him in burning fever* and chills*,
[in order] to destroy him completely. Except, whatever you can do, help me
and have mercy on me."
23. Jesus said to him, "If you can believe, anything is possible for whoever
24. And immediately* the boy's father cried out and said, "I believe, bolster
25. And Jesus saw that the people were running and gathering around him, he
cried out against the evil spirit and told it, "Dumb spirit that speaks not,
commanding you, get out of him and never enter him again."
26. And the demon cried out much and rent the boy and exited, and [the boy]
was like dead, so that* many said, "He died."
27. However, Jesus took him by his hand and raised him.
28. As Jesus entered the house, however, the disciples asked him alone, "Why
could we not cast him out?"
29. He told them, "This type nothing can cast out, except by fasting and
30. And when they left there, they entered through Galilee, and he did not wish
anyone should know about it.*
31. For he taught his disciples and told them, "The Son of Man will be
betrayed by the hands of humanity, and they will kill him. And when he is
killed, on the third day he will rise."
32. However, they did not understand the manifestation, and they were afraid
to ask him.
33. And they came to Capernaum. And as they entered the house, he asked
them, "What did you think about on the way, between yourselves?"
34. For they remembered on the way they had been talking to each other about
who was the greatest among them.
35. Jesus sat down and called the Twelve and said,* "Whoever wishes to be
first, will become the last and the caretaker of everyone."*
36. And he indicated a child and stood him in the middle, and he picked him up
in his arms and told them,
37. "Whoever submits* like this child in my name, they are submitting to me.
And whoever submits to me, is not submitting to me, except to who sent me."
38. John said to him, "My Lord, we saw a man* casting out demons in your
name and we stopped him, so he would not imitate us."
39. And Jesus told them, "Do not stop him. For there is no one* that performs
powers in my name, who* can quickly [turn around and] speak evil against
40. "Whoever is thus not against me, is on your side*.
41. "For whoever gives you just a cup of water, you are Christians*, amen, I
am telling you, their recompense shall not be forgotten.*
42. "And whoever misleads* one of these small ones who believes in me,
deserves to have a donkey's millstone thrown on his head and be thrown into
43. "If your hand leads you to crime,* cut it off. You are better off entering
eternal life a cripple, rather than having to go to gehenna* with two hands,
44. "Where their revenge does not die, and their fire is unquenchable.*
45. "And if your leg leads you to crime, cut it off. You are better off entering
eternal life lame, rather than having two legs, you fall into hell,
46. "Where their revenge does not die and their fire is unquenchable.
47. "And if your eye leads you to commit crime, cut it out. You are better off
entering the Kingdom of God with one eye, rather than having two eyes, you
fall in hell fire.
48. "Where their revenge does not die and their fire is unquenchable.
49. "For everyone is seasoned by fire,* and every offering is seasoned by
50. "Salt is beneficial. However, if salt becomes flat, with what do you season
it? Let yourselves become seasoned,* and be at peace one with the other."
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*9:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "By fear."
*9:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "No human [being.]"
*9:9 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
*9:11 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Duly."
*9:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "That also."
*9:15.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In its hour."
*9:15.2 Lit. Ar. expression retained: "Greeted him."
*9:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In its hour."
*9:21.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "How much is the season, behold, from
here he is?"
*9:21.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Behold from his childhood."
*9:22.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Many seasons."
*9:22.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Fire."
*9:22.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Waters."
*9:24.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In his hour."
*9:24.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Help my lack of faith."
*9:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "Like."
*9:30 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "...that a human should know of him."
*9:35.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And [there] sat Jesus and called theTwelve
*9:35.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "...the last of every human being and
every human being."
*9:37.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Accepts."
*9:37.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Accepting."
*9:38 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Human [being.]"
*9:39.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
*9:39.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*9:40 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Behalf."
*9:41.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "For...you are by the name of the
*9:41.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His/her wages will not [end up] in oblivion."
*9:42 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Confuses."
*9:43.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "[If your hand] confuses [you,]"
*9:43.2 Lit. Aramaic: "Hell."
*9:44 Lit. Ar. expression retained: "Where their sense of revenge does not cease,
hatred does not subside."
*9:49.1 Lit. Ar. construction retained: "For everything [everyone] is salted
by fire." Or:
"Everyone feels revenge."
*9:49.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Every offering is salted by salt."
Or: "And every
Offering is steeped in faith [preserved through patience.]"
*9:50 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Have in you salt." Or: "Be
1. And he rose from there and came to the district of Judea, to the crossing of
the Jordan River, and there went to him great crowds, and he taught them
again, as was his habit.
2. And the Pharisees drew near, testing him and asking, "If it was Lawful for
man to leave his wife?"
3. He told them, "What did Moses command you?"
4. They then said, "Moses gave us permission to write the Divorce Letter and
dissolve [the marriage.]"
5. Jesus replied and told them, "Against the hardness of your heart, Moses
wrote you this commandment.
6. "From the beginning of creation, however, God made them male and
7. "Because of this a man leaves his father and mother and holds on to his
8. "And they become both one flesh. Therefore, they are no longer two, except
9. "What God has thus united, the human being cannot separate."
10. And his disciples asked him about this at home.
11. And he told them, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another,
12. "And if a woman divorces through an excuse and becomes [a wife] for
another, she commits adultery."
13. And they offered him children so he would bless them. And his disciples
yelled at those who offered them,
14. Jesus, however, saw it and was displeased, and he told them, "Let the
children come to me, and do not stop them. For they are just like them, for
whom the Kingdom of God has come.
15. "Amen, I am telling you, that whoever does not accept the Kingdom of
God as a child, shall not enter it."
16. And he took them up on his arms and consecrated his hand over them and
17. And as he went on his way, someone ran and fell to his feet and asked,
saying,* "Good educator, what shall I do to attain life everlasting?"*
18. Jesus told him, "Why do you call me good? There is no one good, except
for one: God.
19. "You know the commandments, do not fornicate, do not steal, do not kill
and do not give false testimony, do not oppress, honor your father and
20. He replied and told him, however, "I have observed all these since my
21. Jesus then gazed at him and loved him, and he told him, "You lack one
thing. Go sell everything you have and give to the poor and you shall have a
place* in heaven, and take up your cross and follow me."
22. He was distressed by this manifestation and went away depressed. For he
had a great deal of money.
23. Jesus gazed at his disciples and told them, "What an impasse it is for those
who have money to enter the Kingdom of God!"
24. His disciples wondered over his words. And again Jesus told them, "My
children, how difficult it is for those who count* on their money to enter the
Kingdom of God.
25. "It is easier for the camel to enter the eye of the needle than the rich
to enter the Kingdom of God."
26. They, however, wondered even more and said among themselves, "Who
can then enter life everlasting?"*
27. Jesus gazed at them, and told them, "This cannot be according to human
beings, except according to God, for everything is possible according to God."
28. And Keepa [Peter] began saying, "Behold, we have left everything and are
clinging to you."
29. Jesus replied and said, "Amen, I am telling you, there is no human being
who leaves houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or
children or villages, because of me and because of my faith,
30. "Who will not* receive one hundred fold like this in houses and brothers
and sisters and mothers and villages, and be repaid for persecutions of this
life,* and in the realm* to come, life everlasting.*
31. "Then many that were first will become last and the last will become first."
32. As they went up the road to Jerusalem, Jesus led them.* And they were
astonished, and they followed him fearfully. So he fetched his Twelve,* and
began telling them the thing that was destined to happen to him,
33. "That, behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be
delivered to the chief high priests and scribes and they will find him guilty of
death,* and betray him to the nations,
34. "And they will laugh at him and torture him and spit in his face and they
will kill him, and on the third day he will rise."
35. And there came to him James and John, the sons of Zebedee, and told him,
"Educator, we are satisfied that whatever we ask, you will do it for us."
36. He told them, "What do you want me to do for you?"
37. They told him, "Give us that one should sit from your right and one from
your left, in your glory."
38. He told them, however, "You do not know what you are asking. Can you
drink the cup that I drink? And the baptism by which I will be baptized, [can
you] be baptized?"
39. They said, "We can." Jesus told them, "The cup that I drink you
and the baptism by which I will be baptized you will be baptized.
40. "As for your sitting from my right and my left, is not mine to give, except
by those to whom it is granted through grace."
41. And as the [other] ten heard it, they began to criticize* James and John.
42. And Jesus called them and told them, "You know that those who expect to
be leaders of nations, are their bosses. And their top leadership wields power*
43. "Do not let it be like this among you. Except whoever wishes among you
to be a leader, let him minister to you.*
44. "And the one who wishes to be first among you, let him be the servant for
45. For the Son of Man also did not come to be ministered to, except to
minister,* and to give himself Salvation on behalf of many."
46. And they came to Jericho, and as Jesus went out of Jericho, he and his
disciples and a great crowd, Timaeus son of Timaeus, sat at the edge of the road
47. And he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, and he began crying out and
saying, "Son of David, have mercy on me."
48. And many yelled at him to shut up. He cried out more, however, and said,
"Son of David, have mercy on me."
49. And Jesus stood still and asked* them to call him. And they called the blind
man, "Take courage,* rise, he calls you."
50. The blind man cast off his cloak, got up and went to Jesus,
51. Jesus told him, "What do you wish that I do for you?" The blind man
him, "My Lord, so I may see."
52. And Jesus told him, "[Then] see, your faith has given you Life." And
once he saw [Jesus,] and followed him.
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*10:17.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "And said."
*10:17.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Lives to the [end of the] universe."
*10:21 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Consecration."
*10:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Measure over."
*10:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Who can to Living?"
*10:30.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "And no."
*10:30.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Together with persecution."
*10:30.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Universe."
*10:30.4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Lives that to the [end of the] universe."
*10:32 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He Jesus firsted them."
*10:33 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Responsible to death."
*10:41 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Complain over."
*10:42 Lit. Ar. id.: "Authority."
*10:43 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Shall become your minister."
*10:44 Lit. Ar. id.: "Every [human.]"
*10:45 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "To be minister."
*10:46 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Sought."
*10:49.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Commanded."
*10:49.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Be of heart."
1. And as he neared Jerusalem, on the side of Bethphage and Bethany, by
Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples.
2. And he told them, "Go to the village opposite us, and in the very hour that
you enter it, you will find a tied colt, that no human being has ever ridden.*
Untie it and bring it here.
3. "And if anyone* says to you, 'Why are you doing this?' Tell him, 'Our, Lord
needs it,' and at once he will send it here."
4. And they went [and] found the colt tethered to a gate, outside in the street.
And as they untied it,
5. Some of the men who were standing there, said to them, "What are you
doing untying the colt?"
6. They then told them as Jesus had instructed them, and they allowed them.
7. And they brought the colt to Jesus and they threw their cloaks over it, and
Jesus rode it.
8. Many laid down their cloaks on the road and others cut down branches
from the trees and spread them on the road,
9. And those in front and those in back of him, cried out, saying,
"O'shana*, blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord,
10. "And blessed is the Kingdom that comes, of our father David.
Our O'shana in the Highest."*
11. And Jesus entered Jerusalem [and] the temple and saw everything. As it
was evening time, he went out to Bethany together with the Twelve.
12. And on the next day, as he went out of Bethany, he became hungry.
13. And he saw a fig tree from afar, that had leaves on it, and he came to it,
[to see] if he could find something in it. And as he came, he did not find in it
[anything,] except for leaves, for it was not the season for figs.
14. And he told it, "From now until eternity*, no human being will ever eat
your fruit." And his disciples heard it.
15. And they came to Jerusalem, And Jesus entered the temple of God and
began ejecting those who bought and sold in the temple, and he came back to
the tables of the money changers and the chairs of those who sold doves,
16. And he did not allow a single one of them to re-enter the temple.*
17. And he taught and said, "Was it not written that my house will be called
house of prayer for all nations? You, however, have made it into a den of
18. And the chief high priest and scribes heard it, and they looked for a way to
destroy him,* for they were afraid of him, since all the people were amazed by
19. And as it was evening, he went out of the city.
20. And as they passed by in the morning, they saw that the fig tree was
withered down to its roots,*
21. And Simon remembered and told him, "My Lord, behold the fig tree that
you cursed has withered."
22. And Jesus replied and told them, "You should have faith in God.
23. "For, amen, I am telling you, that whoever tells this mountain here, 'take
up and fall into the sea,' and he does not doubt* in his heart, except he believes
that what he says shall happen, he shall have what he says.
24. "Because of this, I am telling you, that whatever you pray and ask for,
believe that you will receive, and it shall be given to you.
25. "And when you stand to pray, forgive what you have against people,* so
that your Father in heaven shall also forgive your foolishness.
26. "However, if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive
27. And again they came to Jerusalem. And as he walked in the temple, there
came to him the chief high priests and scribes and the priests,
28. And they told him, "By what authority are you doing these things? And
who gave you authority to do these things?"
29. Jesus, however, told them, "I will also ask you something* to tell me, and
I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
30. "The baptism of John was from where, from heaven or from mankind*?
31. And they thought to themselves and said, "If we tell him from heaven, he
will tell us and for what reason you did not believe?
32. "And if we say, from mankind, that will scare the people, for they hold
John to be truly a prophet."
33. And they replied and told Jesus, "We do not know." He told them, "And
too will not tell you by what authority I do these things."
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*11:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "That human from offspring of humans has
*11:3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "A human [being.]"
*11:9 Lit. Aramaic retained: "Hosanna" in English. "Our Jesus,"
or "Our Life-giving, Living
*11:10 Lit. Aramaic retained: "Our Salvation from heaven," recognizing
Jesus is the Christ.
*11:14 Lit. Ar. id.: "To [the end of] the universe."
*11:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he did not leave that a human being
these into the temple."
*11:17 Lit. Ar. expression: "Cave of robbers."
*11:18 Lit. Ar. expression: "Sought to kill him."
*11:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "From its roots."
*11:23 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Divide."
*11:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Leave the thing that you have over the
*11:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Manifestation."
*11:30 Lit. Ar. id.: "Of humanity."
1. And he began speaking to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard and
put a waterway around it. And he dug into it a winepress and built in it a cellar,
and he took on workers and went to observe from a distance.
2. "And he sent servants to the workers, to receive in season from the
produce* of the vineyard.
3. "However, they beat them and sent them empty-handed.
4. "And again, he sent to them other servants, and they too they stoned and
wounded and sent them back impaired.
5. "And again he sent others, and they too they killed. And a great many other
servants he sent, and some they beat, others, however, they killed.
6. "Finally, however, he had one beloved son, and he sent him to them, for he
said, 'Perhaps they will be ashamed of my son.'
7. "However, those workers said to themselves, 'Here is the heir, come, let
kill him and ours will be the inheritance.'
8. "And they saw fit to kill him and cast him outside the vineyard.
9. "What will the owner of the vineyard do therefore? He will come and
destroy the workers and give the vineyard to others.
10. "And did you not even read the Book?
'The stone that was rejected* by the builders,
became the cornerstone'?
11. " 'It was thus from the Lord
and it is a wonder to* our eyes.' "
12. And they wanted to seize him and they were afraid of the people, for they
knew that he told the parable regarding them and they left him and went.
13. And they sent to him men from the scribes and from the house of Herod,
to trap him with words.
14. They came and asked him, "Educator, we know you are sincere, and you
do not take an attitude toward a person, for you do not look at the appearance
of human beings, except you truly teach the way of God. Is it Lawful to pay
the head tax to Caesar or not? Or shall we not pay?"
15. He knew their treachery and told them, "Why are you testing me? Bring me
a dinara to look at."
16. And they brought it to him. He told them. "Whose image and writing is
this?" They said, "Caesar's."
17. Jesus told them, "Give [what belongs] to Caesar, to Caesar and [what
belongs] to God, to God."
18. And Sadducees came to him, those that say that there is no resurrection,
and they questioned him, saying,
19. "Educator, Moses wrote for us, that if a man's brother dies and leaves a
wife, and leaves no children, his brother may marry his wife and raise
offspring for his brother.
20. "There were seven brothers. The first one married and died and did not
21. "And the second one married her and died, while he also did not leave any
offspring, and the third one likewise.
22. "And all seven of them married her and did not leave any offspring. Last
all of them, the woman also died.
23. "At the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will she be? For all seven of
them married her?"
24. Jesus told them, "Is this not why you are at a loss,* that you neither
understand Scriptures, nor the power of God?
25. "For when they rise from the dead, no one marries women,* neither do
women take on husbands,* except they become like the angels of heaven.
26. "As for the dead that rise, have you not read in the Book of Moses, where
God told him, 'I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of
27. "And he was not the God of the Dead, except of the Living. You are truly
28. And one of the scribes came near and heard them arguing, and he saw that
he answered them beautifully, and he asked him, "Which is the first of all the
29. Jesus told him, "The first of all the commandments, hear, O, Israel, the
Lord God is the only Lord.*
30. "And that you love* your Lord God with all your heart and with all your
soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. This is the first
31. "And the second one that is like it, that you love your best friend* like
yourself. There is no greater commandment than these."
32. The scribe said to him, "Beautifully, my master*, you said truly, that He
one and there is no one but Him.*
33. "And that a person should love him with all one's heart and with all one's
mind and with all one's soul and with all one's strength, and to be merciful to
your best friend as yourself, this is greater than all the sacrifices* and
34. Jesus then saw him repeat the answer wisely, and he replied and told him,
"You are not far from the Kingdom of God." And no one* dared to question
35. And Jesus replied and said, as he taught in the temple, "How is it that
scribes say that, 'The Christ is the son of David'?
36.* "For David said through the holy Spirit that,
'The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit from my right,* until I make your enemies the rug under your feet.'
37. "David thus calls him his Lord, and how can He be his son?" And all
synagogue listened to him with pleasure.
38. And in his knowledge, he told them, "Beware of the scribes, that enjoy
walking about in robes, and love* being greeted on the street,*
39. "And [be made] heads of synagogue councils, and [be seated] at the head
of the table in banquets,
40. "They, who devour the houses of widows, so they can extend their
prayers.* They, who shall receive a more severe* judgment."
41. And as Jesus sat opposite the collection box,* he looked at how the people
threw in their change into the collection box, and many rich men threw in
42. And there came a poor widow and she threw in two coins that are [of the
43. And Jesus called his disciples, and told them, "Amen, I am telling you,
this poor widow threw in more than all the people who threw into the
44. "For all of them threw in from the excess of what they had, however she
threw in out of her poverty, everything that she had, all her income."
to index page || or Go to Mark Chapter 13
*12:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Fruit."
*12:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "Belittled."
*12:11 Lit. Ar. id.: "In."
*12:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Was it not because of this you are seeking?"
*12:25.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "They not marrying women."
*12:25.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Women do not become for husbands."
*12:27 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "You are thus much searching, you."
*12:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "The Lord God, Lord one he is."
*12:30 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "That you mercy to."
*12:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Best Man," or "the one that
is close to you."
*12:32 Lit. Aramaic: "Rabbi."
*12:32 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "No others after Him," ... the holy
that Jesus Christ is God.
*12:33 Lit. Ar. id.: "Holocausts."
*12:34 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "No human [being.]"
*12:36.1 In this passage, Jesus explains how he is the Father and the Son and the
*12:36.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "Manifest the Power,"
or "Become My
*12:38.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Have mercy on."
*12:38.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Market places."
*12:40.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Through the excuse of lengthening their
"Add to their meaningless rituals."
*12:40.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "A greater."
*12:41 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "House of obligation."