1. And he came to the crossing of the sea, to the land of the Gidrai*.
2. And when he left the vessel, a man from the graveyard* who was possessed, approached
3. And he lived among the tombs, and no one* could keep him chained up,
4. Because whenever they shackled and chained him, he broke the chains and cut the
shackles, and no one could catch him,
5. And in all season, by night and day, he stayed among the tombs and mountains,
and he would cry out and divest himself with stones.
6. As he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and worshipped him,
7. And he cried out in a loud voice and said, "What have you to do with me,
Jesus, exalted Son of God? I swear you by God,* that you may not torment me."
8. For he had told him, "Be gone from the man, evil spirit!"
9. And he asked him, "What is your name?" And he said to him, "Legion
is our name, for we are many."
10. And they begged him profusely, for him not to send them out of the land.
11. There was, however, a great herd of swine by the mountain side, that was feeding.
12. And those demons begged him, saying, "Send us unto those swine, so we can
leave through them.*
13. And he allowed them. And those evil spirits left and entered the swine, and that
herd ran to the edge of the cliff and fell into the sea, about two thousand, and
they drowned in the sea.
14. And their swineherd ran and told [about the incident] in the town and in the
villages also, and they came out to see what happened.
15. And they came to Jesus, and they saw the bedeviled man, now dressed up and sitting
demurely, the one who had the legion in him, and they were frightened.
16. And those of them that had seen it, reported to them what happened to the demon
possessed man, and also the swine.
17. And they started begging him to leave their district.
18. And as he climbed aboard the vessel, the man who had the demons begged [Jesus]
to go along with him,
19. And he would not allow it, except he told him, "Go to your house, to your
people, and report to them what the Lord did for you and that he was merciful on
20. And he went and began preaching in the Decapolis* about what Jesus did for him,
and they were all amazed.
21. And as Jesus made the crossing in the vessel, again there gathered onto him great
crowds, who were at the seashore.
22. And there came to him one whose name was Jairus*, of the synagogue leadership,
and as he saw [Jesus,] he fell at his feet,
23. And he begged him, saying to him, "My daughter is terribly ill, come, consecrate
your hand over her, so she may be restored and live."
24. And Jesus went with him. And a great crowd held him up and they were overwhelming
25. Then a woman came who had [a condition] of blood hemorrhaging for twelve years,
26. She had been frequently swindled by many physicians and had lost everything*
she had, totally desperate,*
27. And as she heard about Jesus, she came through the swarm of the crowd from back
of him, and came near to his clothing,
28. For she said to herself, that "Though I only come near his clothing, I will
29. And at once the flow of blood dried up, and she felt it in herself that she was
healed of what plagued her.
30. Jesus, however, at once knew in himself that power emanated from him, and he
turned to the crowd and said, "Who came near my garments?"
31. His disciples told him, "You have seen how the crowd is pressing you, and
you say who came near me?"
32. And he gazed to see who had done it.
33. Then the woman, while scared and trembling, since she knew what had happened
to her, came and fell before him, and told him the whole truth.
34. However, he told her, "My daughter, your faith has given you Life. Go in
peace and recover from your illness*."
35. And while he spoke, they came from the house of the synagogue leader and said,
"Your daughter is dead. Why do you still want to burden the educator?"
36. Jesus, however, heard the manifestation that they uttered, and said to the synagogue
leader, "Do not be afraid, just believe."
37. And he did not allow anyone* to go with him, except Simon Keepa [Peter] and James
and John, the brother of James.
38. And they came to the house of the synagogue leader, and he saw them groveling
[on the ground,] and crying and wailing.
39. And he entered and told them, "Why are you groveling and crying? The little
girl* is not dead except sleeping."
40. And they laughed at him. Then Jesus put them all outside, and fetched the young
girl's father and her mother and those with him, and entered where the little girl
was set down,
41. And he took the little girl by the hand, and he said to her, "Little girl,
42. And within the hour, the little girl rose up and walked around, for she was only
a twelve year old girl. And they were greatly amazed.*
43. And he admonished* them not to tell a human being about this, and he said, "Get
her something to eat."
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*5:1 Lit. Ar. name retained: "Gerasenes."
*5:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of tombs."
*5:3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "No human [being.]"
*5:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "Beg you, in the name of God."
*5:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Enter through them."
*5:20 Lit. Ar. name: "Ten Cities."
*5:22 Lit. Ar. name: "You-aarish."
*5:26.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "...was robbed much by many physicians
and had given out everything."
*5:26.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Except also she was more tormented."
*5:34 Lit. Ar. id.: "Plague."
*5:37 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Any human being."
*5:39 Lit. Ar. idiomatic double-entendre: "Sleeping girl."
*5:42 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And they were amazed a great amazement."
*5:43 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Commanded much."
1. And Jesus went out of there and came to his town, and his disciples held fast
2. And as it was the Sabbath, he began to teach at the synagogue, and many who heard
were amazed, and said, "Where did he get all this?"* And what is this wisdom
that has been given to him, that powers such as these are wrought through his hands?
3. "Was not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and
Joses and Judas and Simon? And were not his sisters also with us?" And they
4. And Jesus told them, "No prophet is ever ignored like in his own town and
by his own brothers and in his own house."
5. And he was not able to perform any powers there,* except he consecrated his hand
on a few sick people and healed them.
6. And he wondered at their lack of faith. And he went around the villages as he
7. And he called his Twelve, and he began to send them two by two, and he gave them
authority to cast out evil spirits,
8. And he instructed* them not to take anything for the road, except for only a walking
stick, no water jug and no bread, and no money in their purses,
9. Except to wear sandals,* and not to put on two garments.
10. And he told them, "Whatever house you enter, stay there until you go out
[of that area.]
11. "And whoever does not receive you and does not hear you out, when you leave
there, shake off the sand from the bottom of your feet in their testimony.* And,
amen, I am telling you, it will be a day of rest for Sodom and Gomorrah on Judgment
Day in comparison to what will befall that town."*
12. And they went out and preached repentence.
13. And they cast out many demons, and they anointed many sick people, and they healed
14. And King Herod heard about Jesus, for he knew his name, and he said, "John
the Baptist has risen from the dead. That is why these powers are granted* him."
15. Others said, "It is not him," and others, "He is a prophet, like
one of the prophets."
16. However, as Herod heard it, he said, "It is John, whom I beheaded, he has
risen from the dead."
17. For Herod had sent for the arrest of John and had thrown him in prison, because
of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip, [she that Herod] had taken [as his wife.]
18. For John had said to Herod, that it was not Lawful for him to take his brother's
wife in marriage.
19. However, Herodias despised him and wanted to have him killed, and could not,
20. For Herod was afraid of John, since he knew that he was a righteous and holy
man, and he protected him, and he would often listen to him and obey. He was amused
21. And it was a holiday, as Herod, on his birthday, gave* a banquet for his ministers
and commanders and top echelon people,
22. And there entered the daughter of Herodias, dancing for him, and she flattered*
Herod and those who dined with him. And the King said to the young girl, "Ask
me anything you want and it is yours."
23. And he swore to her, "Whatever you ask me I will give it to you, even half
of my kingdom."
24. She went out, however, and told her mother, "What shall I ask him for?"
She told her, "The head of John the Baptist."
25. And at once she entered casually* to the King and told him, "I want you
in this very hour, to give me the head of John the Baptist on a platter."
26. And the King was in a bind*, and because of his oaths and the guests, he did
not wish to distress her,
27. Except, at once he sent the execution message and ordered to have John's head
[delivered.] And they went and cut off John's head in prison,
28. And they came and gave it to the young girl on a platter. And the young girl
gave it to her mother.
29. And his disciples heard him, and they came, took his body and consecrated him
in a tomb.
30. And the Apostles gathered around* Jesus and they told him everything they did,
and everything they taught.
31. And he told them, "Come, let us go to the desert alone, so* you can rest
a little." For there were many that came and went, and they had no place to
go and nothing to eat.*
32. And they went to a deserted area in a vessel by themselves.
33. And many saw that they went, and they let it be known, and all the townspeople*
ran ahead of him there.
34. And when Jesus came out and saw the great crowds, he was merciful to them, as
they resembled the sheep that have no shepherd. And he began teaching them many things.
35. And as they were [gone] a long time, his disciples came to him, and said to him,
"The hour is late.
36. "Release them, so they can go around the homesteads and villages and buy
themselves bread, for they have nothing to eat."
37. However, he told them, "You give them [something] to eat." They said
to him, "Shall we go buy them two hundred dinars worth of bread and give for
them to eat?"
38. However, he told them, "Go and see how much bread you already have,"
and as they looked, they told him, "Five breads and two fish."
39. And he invited anyone* who wished to dine with them to dine with them, sitting
on the grass.
40. And they dined, all of them reclining* in [groups of] hundreds and fifties.*
41. And he set those five breads and two fish, and he gazed at heaven, and he blessed
them and he broke the bread, and he gave to his disciples to share with them, and
those two fish they divided amongst all of them.
42. And they all ate and were satisfied.
43. And they gathered the fragments, twelve basketfulls, and of those fish [also.]
44. Those that ate the bread then, they were five thousand men.
45. And at once he pressed his disciples to go aboard the vessel and to go ahead
of him to the crossing to Bethsaida, while he would release the crowds.
46. And as he released them, he went to the mountain to pray.
47. As evening came, the vessel was in the middle of the sea, and he was alone on
48. And he saw them struggling as they crossed, for the spirit* was against them,
and in the fourth watch Jesus came to them, as he traversed the sea, and he desired
to provide them [safe] passage.
49. However, as they saw him crossing over the ocean, they expected they were seeing
a false vision, and they cried out.
50. They all saw him and were afraid. And in his hour, he spoke with them and told
them, "Take courage,* it is I, do not fear."
51. And he came up to them in the vessel, and the spirit* calmed down. And they were
really amazed and wondered inside themselves.
52. For they did not learn from that bread [incident,] because their hearts were
53. And as they crossed the crossing, they came to the land of Genesaret.
54. And as they emerged from the vessel, in that very hour, the people of that area
learned about it.
55. And they ran all over that land, and commenced bringing those who were terribly
ill, taking them on their mattresses, to where they heard he was.
56. And wherever he entered villages or towns, they lined up the sick, and begged
him, if only to touch the cotton threads of his robe, and all those who came near
him were healed.
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*6:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "How can these to him?"
*6:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Not even one."
*6:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Commanded."
*6:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Stand in sandals."
*6:11.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: Take nothing from them, accept no
*6:11.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "...or to that town."
*6:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Tied to him," "emanating
*6:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And he listened to him through amusement."
*6:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "Made."
*6:22 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression "Made him beautiful."
*6:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In idleness."
*6:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Knot."
*6:30 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "To."
*6:31.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "And."
*6:31.2 Lit. Ar. expression: "They had neither a country, nor [anything] to
*6:33 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Towns."
*6:39 Lit. Ar. id.: "Every human [being.]"
*6:40.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Diners diners."
*6:40.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Hundreds hundred and fifties five."
*6:48 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Wind."
*6:50 Lit. Ar. expression: "Be of heart."
*6:51 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Wind."
*6:52 Lit. Ar. expression: "Their hearts overflowed."
1. And the Pharisees and scribes who came from Jerusalem, gathered around him,
2. And they saw some* of his disciples eating bread without washing their hands,
and they were shocked.
3. For all the Jews and Pharisees, if they do not wash their hands, they do not eat,
because they hold to the ritual* of the priests.
4. And if they [come] from the marketplace, if they do not bathe, they do not eat.
And there are many other [rituals] that they accept and observe, the washing* of
bowls and dishes and copper plates and mats.
5. And the scribes and Pharisees asked him, "Why do your disciples not follow
the ritual of the priests, except they do not wash their hands before they eat?"
6. However, he told them, "The prophet Isaiah prophesied beautifully about you,
hypocrites, as he wrote,
'These people, with their lips they honor me,
...but their heart is very far from me.
7. " 'And they fear me through their vanity,
...as they teach the knowledge of humanity.'
8. "For you have discarded the commandments of God, and held on to the rituals
of humanity, the washing of pots and dishes, and many similar things."
9. He told them, "How beautifully you cancel the commandments of God when you
uphold your ritual.
10. "For Moses said, 'Honor your father and mother, and whoever batters his
father of mother, will die the [final] death.'
11. "You, however, condone* a man who says to his father or mother, 'My offering
to God through my tithing,' is your reward,*
12. "And thus you do not leave him anything to do for his father or mother.
13. "And you denigrate the Manifestation of God for the sake of your adherence
to so many such rituals like these, that you perform."
14. And Jesus called all the crowd and told them, "Listen to me all of you and
15. "There is nothing outside of a human being that enters him, which can degrade
him. Except, what comes out of him, that is what degrades a human being.
16. "Whoever has ears that hear, listen."
17. As Jesus left the crowd and entered the house, however, the disciples asked him
about this parable,
18. And he told them, "So you are also ignorant of this. Did you not know that
anything that enters the human being from outside, cannot degrade him?
19. "It was not his heart that it entered, except his stomach, and is excreted
in the cleansing of all food.
20. "However, that which emerges from the human being, is what degrades the
21. "For it is from the inside of the heart of humanity that emerge evil thoughts,
fornication, prostitution, theft, murder.
22. "Cheating, corruption, conspiracy, treason, enviousness*, blasphemy, arrogance,
23. "These are all wickedness that emerge from inside and degrade the human
24. And from there Jesus rose and came to the district of Tyre and Saidon, and he
entered a house and did not wish that anyone* should know of his presence, and he
could not hide.
25. For at once a woman heard about it,* her daughter was possessed by an evil spirit,
and she came and fell before his feet.
26. However, the woman was a pagan of Syria's Phoenicians. And she wanted him to
cast out the demon from her daughter.
27. And Jesus said to her, "Let the children be satisfied first. For it is not
well* that the bread of the children be consecrated and thrown to the dogs."
28. She replied and told him, "Yes, my Lord, even the dogs get to eat of the
consecrated crumbs that [fall] beneath."
29. Jesus told her, "Go, because of your recognition,* the demon has left your
30. And she went to her house, and found her daughter in bed and the demon had left
31. Again Jesus went out of the district of Tyre and Saidon, and came to the Sea
of Galilee, to the Decapolis*.
32. And they brought to him a mute man, who could not utter [a sound,] and they asked
him to lay his hand over him.
33. And he took him away from the crowd by himself, and he placed his fingers on
34. And he spat, and he touched his tongue and gazed at heaven and sighed, and he
told him, "Open up."
35. And in that very hour, his ears opened up, and his tongue was untied and he spoke
36. And he admonished them to tell no one,* and no matter how much he admonished
them, the more they preached.
37. And they were increasingly amazed, and they said, "He restores everything,*
the mutes, he makes them hear, and those who cannot speak, he makes them speak.
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*7:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Human [beings.]"
*7:3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Muslimation."
*7:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Baptism," or "immersion."
*7:11.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "...say, if..."
*7:22 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Evil eye."
*7:11.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Increases for you."
*7:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "That a human [being.]"
*7:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Because of it."
*7:27 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Beautiful."
*7:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "This Manifestation." Reference
to her calling him "Lord."
*7:31 Lit. Aramaic: "The district of the Ten Cities."
*7:36 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "No human [being.]"
*7:37 Lit. Ar. expression: "He makes everything beautiful."
1. In those days, when there were great crowds and there was nothing to eat, he called
his disciples and told them,
2. "I will be merciful to them gathered here,* that, behold, they have held
fast with me three days and they have had nothing to eat.
3. "And if I send them while fasting to their houses, they will collapse on
the way. Some of them* have come from afar.
4. His disciples said to him, "What can a man* do in the desert, to consecrate*
for all these?"
5. And he asked them, "How many breads do you have?" And they told him,
6. And he invited the congregation* to sit down on the ground,* and he consecrated
the seven breads and he blessed and gave them to his disciples to divide them and
they divided them to the crowds*.
7. And there were a few fish, and they too he blessed and said they should divide
them [among the people.]
8. And they ate and were satisfied, and they gathered seven baskets of excess fragments.
9. The people that ate were about four thousand. And Jesus ended their fast.*
10. And at once he climbed aboard the vessel with his disciples and came to the land
11. And the Pharisees came out and began making demands to him,* and they asked him
for signs from heaven, so as to test him.
12. And he sighed inwardly* and said, "Why does this generation ask for signs?
Amen, I am telling you, this generation will not be given any signs."
13. And he left them and went aboard the vessel, and they made the crossing.*
14. And they sought to consecrate the bread and they did not have one flat piece
of bread with them on board the vessel.
15. And he instructed and told them, "Look, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees
and the leaven of Herod."
16. And everyone thought to themselves,* and said, "We have no bread."
17. Jesus, however, knew and he told them, "Why are you looking like that, that
you do not have bread? And you did not learn? Is your heart still heavy?*
18. "And you have eyes, and yet you do not see? And you have ears, and yet you
do not hear? And you do not recall?
19. "When I broke the five breads for the five thousand, how many basketfulls
of fragments did you gather?" They told him, "Twelve."
20. And he told them, "And when the seven for the four thousand, how many baskets
of fragments did you fill and carry?" They said, "Seven."
21. He told them, "Why then do you still not understand?"
22. And he came to Bethsaida, and they brought a blind man, and they begged him to
23. And he took the blind man by the hand and took him outside the village, and he
spat on his hands and consecrated his hand, and he asked him what did he see.
24. And he gazed and said, "I see human beings walking like trees."
25. Again he consecrated his hand on his eyes, and he became whole and saw everything
26. And he sent him to his house and said, "Do not even enter the village, and
tell no one* in the village.
27. And Jesus and his disciples went out to the villages of Caesarea Philippi, and
he asked his disciples on the way and said to them, "Whom do people say that
28. So they said, "John the Baptist, and others, "Elijah," and others,
"One of the prophets."
29. Jesus told them, "You, however, what do you say about me?" Simon Keepa
[Peter,] replied and told him, "You are the Messiah Son of the Living God."
30. And he admonished them that they tell no human being.
31. And he began to teach them, that it was destined for the Son of Man to receive
much sorrow, and be denigrated by the priests and the chief high priests and be killed,
and on the third day to rise.
32. And he revealed that manifestation openly.* And Keepa [Peter,] took him aside*
and admonished him.
33. He turned and looked at his disciples and admonished Simon, and said, "Fall
back of me, Satan, you have no regard for [what belongs to] God, except for [what
belongs to] human beings."
34. And Jesus called the crowds together with his disciples, and he told them, "Whoever
wishes to follow me, will curse himself and take up his cross and follow me.
35. "For whoever wish to spare their life, will lose it. And whoever sacrifice
their life because of me and because of their faith in me, will Live.
36. "For what benefits the human being if they gain the whole world and lose
37. "Or what does a human being get in exchange for their life?
38. "For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this sinful and adulterous
generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of, when he comes in the glory of
his father, together with his holy angels."
to Chapter 9 or Return to index page
*8:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "This crowd."
*8:3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Humans of them, however."
*8:4.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Human [being.]"
*8:4.2 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Provide."
*8:6.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Crowd."
*8:6.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To lay down [to eat.]"
*8:6.3 Lit. Ar. id. "Congregations."
*8:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He released them."
*8:10 Lit. Aramaic: "Dalmanutha."
*8:11 Lit. Ar. expression: "Wanting with him."
*8:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In his spirit."
*8:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "They went the crossing."
*8:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "They thought one with one."
*8:17 Lit. Ar. figure of speech retained: "Thick." Slow flowing, thick
in consistency. Or: insensitive.
*8:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "In enlightened [manner.]"
*8:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "No human [being.]"
*8:32.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction retained: "And he said that in plain
*8:32.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Fetched him."