Mark 1

1. The beginning of the Revelation* of Jesus Christ,* Son of God.
2. As it was written by Isaiah the Prophet, that,

"Behold, I shall send my messenger before your face,
to lay out your path.
3. "The voice that cries in the wilderness,

'Consecrate the path of the Lord,
and lay down his avenues.' "

4. There was John in the wilderness, and he preached the Baptism of Grace for the forgiveness of sins.
5. And there came out to him all the inhabitants of Judea and the children of Jerusalem, and he baptized them in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins.

6. John wore clothes made from camel hair and tied a leather belt on his back, and his food was the grasshoppers and honey of the wilderness.
7. And he preached and said, "Behold, there comes one after me, who is mightier than me, whom I am not even worthy of untying the belts of his sandals.*
8. "I baptize you with water, however he will baptize you by the holy Spirit.

9. And it happened in those days, Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee,* and he was baptized in the Jordan River by John.
10. And at once when he rose from the water, he saw the heaven split open and the Spirit like a dove descending over him.
11. And the voice from heaven, "You are my beloved Son, in you I am fulfilled."
12. And at once the spirit drove him to the wilderness.
13. And he was there in the wilderness forty days, as he was tempted by Satan, and he was with beasts, and the angels ministered to him.

14. After John was betrayed, Jesus came to Galilee, and preached the Hope of the Kingdom of God,
15. And he said, "The Age has ended,* and the Kingdom of God has arrived. Repent and believe in the Hope [of the Kingdom.]
16. And as he traveled around the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother Andrew, throwing their nets in the sea. For they were fishermen.*
17. And Jesus told them, "Follow me, and I will make you hunters of men."
18. And at once they left their fishing and followed after him.
19. And after a little, he saw James, son of Zebedee, and they were also in their fishing boat, pulling in their catch.
20. And he called them. And at once they left their father Zebedee with the hired help and went after him.
21. And as they entered Capernaum, at once he began teaching at their synagogue,
22. And they were amazed at his knowledge, for he taught as an authority and not as their scribes.

23. And there was a man in their synagogue who was possessed by a demon,* and he cried out,
24. And said, "What do we have to do with you, Jesus the Nazarane?* Have you come to vanquish us? I know who you are, holy One of God."
25. And Jesus rebuked him and said, "Shut your mouth and get out of him."
26. And the demon racked him and cried out in a loud voice and emerged out of him.
27. And they were all amazed and they asked one another and said, "Who is this? And what is this new knowledge, that with authority he commands even the demons and they obey him?"

28. And at once his name became known* in all* of Galilee.
29. And they went out of the synagogue and came to the house of Simon and Andrew, together with James and John.
30. And Simon's mother-in-law was bedridden* with fever, and they told him about her.
31. And he approached, took her by the hand and raised her, and at once the fever left her, and she ministered to them.
32. In the evening, at sunset, there came to him those who were terribly ill and and the demon possessed,
33. And the whole town had gathered at the door.
34. And he healed many who were racked by various serious illnesses and he cast out many demons, and he did not allow the demons to speak, because they knew who he was.

35. And before it was quite morning, he went to the wilderness and there he prayed.
36. And Simon and those with him were searching for him.
37. And as they found him, they said to him, "Everybody* is looking for you."
38. He told them, "Let us go back to the village and nearby towns, so I may preach there as well, for this is what I have come for."
39. And he preached in all their synagogues, in all of Galilee, casting out demons.
40. And a leper came to him and fell at his feet, and he prayed and said to him, "If you wish, you can heal me."
41. Jesus was merciful to him, and extended his hand and touched him and said, "I do wish it, be cleansed."
42. And within the hour, the leprosy left him.
43. And he admonished him and let him go.
44. And he told him, "Tell no human being, except go and show yourself to the high priests, and make an offering on behalf of your cleansing, as Moses commanded, in testimony."
45. However, when he went out, he began preaching everywhere*, and the word was out, so that Jesus was not able to enter the towns openly, except he had to stay out in the desert, and they came to him from everywhere.

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*1:1.1 Literal Aramaic idiomatic (Lit. Ar. id.) name: "Awon-galee-yoon," or He Reveals.
*1:1.2 Lit. Ar. id. name "Eashoa'," meaning "The Life-Giving, Living Branch," and, "M'shee-khah, "The Anointed One." For simplicity, then, in the proper English syntax "The Anointed Life-Giver."
*1:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "...not worthy of being his servant."
*1:9 Lit. Ar. names, "Nussrat d'Ga-lee-la," meaning, "Victorious Revelation."
*1:15 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "The season is finished," "Time is up," or in other words, "The Age of the Old Testament is over."
*1:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Hunters."
*1:23 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He had in him an unclean spirit."
*1:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic meaning: "Victorious."
*1:28.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Emerged."
*1:28.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Country." Or: Galilee and its countryside.
*1:30 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Thrown in bed."
*1:37 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Every human being is looking for you."
*1:45 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Much."

Mark 2

1. And Jesus entered again Capernaum in the following days, and when they heard that he was home,
2. Many gathered until it was not possible to contain them, not even in the entryway, and he spoke to them about the Manifestation.
3. And they came to him, and they brought to him a paralytic, who was carried by four people.
4. And they were not able to bring him close to [Jesus] because of the crowd, [so] they set up a tent where Jesus was staying, and they made the bed for the paralytic who was ill*.
5. As Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, "My son, your sins are forgiven."
6. However, there were scribes sitting there, and they were reflecting in their hearts,
7. "Who is this, speaking blasphemies? Who can forgive sins? Except for God."*
8. Jesus, however, knew in his spirit that they were thinking this to themselves, and he told them, "Why are you reflecting these things in your hearts?"
9."Which is easier to tell the paralytic, that your sins are forgiven, or to say, 'Rise, take up your mattress and walk?'
10. "So that you may know that the Son of Man is authorized on earth to forgive sins, he said to the paralytic,
11. "To you I say, rise, take up your mattress and go to your home."
12. And he rose up in that very hour and took up his mattress, went out before all their eyes, so that they were all amazed and glorified God, saying, "We never saw anything like this before."*
13. And he went out again to the sea, and all the crowd came to him, and he taught them.
14. And as he passed by, he saw Levi, son of Alphaeus, sitting in the revenue collector's post*, and he told him, "Follow me." And he got up and followed him.
15. And as he was dining in his house, many revenue collectors and sinners dined with Jesus and his disciples, for there were many of them, and they followed him.
16. And the scribes and Pharisees, as they saw that he was eating with revenue collectors and sinners, said to his disciples "Who eats and drinks with revenue collectors and sinners?"
17. As Jesus heard it, he told them, "Those who have recovered [from illness,] need no physician, except those who are in worse shape.* I did not come to call on the righteous, except on the sinners."
18. However, the disciples of John and the scribes used to fast, and they came and told him, "Why do the disciples of John and the Pharisees fast, and your disciples do not fast?"
19. Jesus told them, "Can the bridegroom party,* while the bridegroom is with them, fast? No.
20. "The days will come, however, when the bridegroom is taken away from them, then they will fast on that day.
21. "No one cuts a new patch and sews it into worn-out clothing,* because* the new [fabric] does not go with the worn-out and the seam becomes more obvious.*
22. "And no one pours new wine into worn-out wineskins, so that the wine tears the skins and the wineskins become ruined and the wine spilled. Except, they pour new wine in new wineskins.

23. And it happened as Jesus went through a field on a Sabbath, his disciples went about squeezing ears of grain and eating.*
24. And the Pharisees told him, "Look, why are they doing what is unlawful?"
25. Jesus told them, "Did you never read what David did, when he was in need and hungry, he and his companions?
26. "When he entered the temple of God, when Avitar was high priest, and ate the bread of offering of the Lord, which was not lawful for him to eat, except for the high priests, and he gave it also to his companions?"
27. And he told them that, "The Sabbath was created for the human being, and it was not the human being [who was created] for the Sabbath.
28. "Thus, the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath also."*

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*2:4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bedridden."
*2:7 Lit. Ar.figure of speech: "Except for God himself."
*2:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "That never saw we thus."
*2:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "House."
*2:17 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Done more evil."
*2:19 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Sons of the wedding." Biblical times custom of fetching the bride. She was figuratively "stolen by the sons."
*2:21.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "No human throws a new patch and sews it over worn-out dress."
*2:21.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*2:21.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "That not receives its fullness that new from the worn-out, and there becomes the sewing bigger.
*2:23 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Chewing."
*2:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Lord is He thus and also of the Sabbath, the Son of Man."

Mark 3

1. And Jesus entered the synagogue again, and there was a man whose hand was withered,
2. And they observed him, to see if he would heal him on the Sabbath, to point out wrong doing,
3. And he said to the man with the withered hand, "Stand in the middle."
4. He then said to them also, "Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil? To save life or to destroy life?" However, they remained silent.
5. And he gazed at them wisely, as he was angered by the hardness of their heart, and he said to that man, "Extend your hand," and he extended it and his hand was restored.

6. And the Pharisees went out in that very hour, together with the house of Herod, and set up a conspiracy to destroy him.
7. And Jesus, together with his disciples, went to the sea, and many people from Galilee went out, and from Judah,
8. And from Jerusalem and from Idomea and from the crossing of the Jordan River, and from Tyre and Sidon, great crowds, to hear everything that he did, they came to him.
9. And he told his disciples to provide him with a fishing boat, so the crowd would not overwhelm him,
10. For he healed a great many, some fell against him, because they wanted to touch him,
11. And those who were plagued by evil spirits, when they saw him, they fell down and they would cry out and say, "You are that Son of God."
12. And he admonished them severly not to reveal him.

13. And he climbed the mountain and he called those that fulfilled his will,* and they came to him.
14. And he chose twelve that would be with him, and he sent them to preach,
15. And to become empowered to heal illnesses and cast out demons.
16. And he named Simon by name of "The Rock,"*
17. And James, son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James, he consecrated them the name Boanerges, which is the sons of thunder,
18. And Andrew and Philip, and Bartholomew,* and Matthew and Thomas, and James, son of Alphaeus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Cananean,
19. And Judas Iscariot*, who betrayed him, ... and they came home.
20. And the crowds gathered again, until there was not enough bread for anybody to eat.
21. And the members of the household came out to get hold of him, for they said, "He is out of his mind."

22. And the scribes that came down from Jerusalem, said, "He is possessed by Beelzevow,* and he is casting out demons by the head* of the demons.
23. And Jesus called them and told them in parables, "How can Satan cast out Satan?
24. "If a kingdom divides against itself, it cannot remain standing as a kingdom.
25. "And if a house divides against itself, that house cannot stand.
26. "And someone of Satan rises against himself and becomes divided, he cannot remain standing, except his end is [in ruins.]
27. "No one* can enter the house of a swordsman and steal his clothes, except if he ties up the swordsman beforehand, and then rob his house.
28. "Amen, I am telling you, that all sins and blasphemies that human beings commit will be forgiven,
29. "However, the one who blasphemes against the holy Spirit, has no forgiveness to the end of the universe, except he receives the Judgment of the world,"*
30. Because they said that he is possessed by an evil spirit.

31. And his mother and brethren came and stood outside and sent for him.
32. However, the congregation was sitting around him, and they told him, "Behold, your mother and brethren outside want you."
33. And he replied and told them, "Who is my mother, and who is my brother?"
34. And he gazed at those who sat with him and he said, "Behold, my mother and, behold, my brothers.
35. "For whoever does the will of God, is my brother and sister and mother."

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*3:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Those he willed."
*3:16 Lit. Ar. name: "Keepa," or "Peter."
*3:18 Lit. Ar. name: "Son of the disciplined."
*3:19 Lit. Ar. name: "Brazen Deliverer."
*3:22.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Beelzevow is in him."
*3:22.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Leader," or "chief."
*3:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
*3:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Except he [calls against himself] the Judgment of the universe."

Mark 4

1. Again he began teaching on the seashore, and great crowds gathered to him, as he climbed and sat in the fishing vessel at sea, and all the crowd stood on land, on the seashore.
2. And he taught them through many parables, and he declared through his knowledge,
3. "Listen, behold, the sower went out to sow.
4. "And as he sowed [the seed,] there was some that fell by the side of the road, and the birds came and ate it.
5. "Some, however, fell on stone, where there was not much soil, and in its hour, it dried up, for there was no depth to the soil.
6. "And as the sun rose up, then the heat, and because it had no root, it withered.
7. "And some other [seed] fell among thorns, and the thorns rose up and choked it, and it did not bear fruit.
8. "Some fell on good soil, and it grew and became big and gave much fruit, some thirty and some sixty and some one hundred [folds.]"
9. And he said, "Whoever has ears that hear, listen."
10. When they were by themselves, they asked him, those that were with him, together with his Twelve, about the parables.
11. And Jesus told them, "To you has been given the doctrine of the Kingdom of God, but for the outsiders*, everything happens through parables,
12. "So that,
'As for seeing, they do see,
but do not discern,
And hearing, they do hear,
but without comprehending,
So as not to repent,
and as I may forgive their sins.' "
13. And he told them, "Do you not understand this parable? And how will you [then] understand all the parables?

14. "The sower who sows, is the sower of the manifestation.
15. "Those that are on the side of the road, are the ones in whom the manifestation is sown and when they hear it, at once Satan comes and takes away the manifestation that was sown in their heart.
16. "Those that were sown over the stone, are the ones that when they hear the manifestation, at once accept it with joy,
17. "And they have no root in their soul, except they are seasonal, and when tribulation occurs, or rejection because of the Manifestation, they quickly get confused.
18. "And those that are sown among the thorns, are those that hear the manifestation,
19. "And the yoke of the world here, and the crushing weight of wealth and various pleasures, overwhelm and choke out the manifestation, and it becomes fruitless.

20. "And those that were sown in good soil, are the ones that hear the manifestation and accept it and produce fruit, thirty fold and sixty fold and one hundred fold."

21. And he said, "Why, is a lamp lit and set under a bucket or beneath a bed? Is it not set on a lamp stand*?
22. "For there is nothing hidden that is not revealed, and it was not hidden so as not to be revealed.
23. "If a human being has ears that hear, listen."

24. And he told them, "Listen to what I am telling you. By the measure that you measure, it will be measured to you, and you will be further rewarded, if you listen.*
25. "For whoever has, it will be given to him, and whoever has not, even that which he has will be taken away from him."

26. And he said, "Such is the Kingdom of God, like a man* who casts seed on the soil,
27. "And he sleeps and rises in the night and in the day, and the seed germinates and grows tall, while he is unaware.
28. "For the earth brings it to life*, and before, it is a shoot, and after that, foliage, until finally the foliage is full of grain.
29. "When it is in full fruition, at once there comes the sickle, for the harvest has arrived."

30. And he said, "What does the Kingdom of God resemble? And by what parable shall we relate it?
31. "It is like a mustard seed, which when sown in the soil, is the smallest of all the plants on earth,
32. "And when it is sown, it climbs and becomes bigger than all the vegetables, and it makes a great number of branches, so that it is possible for birds to make their nests in its shade."
33. By such parables as these, Jesus spoke with them, parables to which they were able to listen,
34. And without parables, he did not speak with them. To his disciples, however, between themselves and to them, he explained everything.
35. And he told them that day, in the evening, "Let us make the crossing.*"
36. And they left the crowds, and they found him while he was in the vessel. And there were other boats with them.
37. And there was a great storm and wind, and the waves fell into the vessel and it was nearly becoming full.
38. However, Jesus slept on a cushion in the back of the vessel. And they came and woke him up and told him, "Our Master, are you not concerned that we are perishing?"
39. And he rose and rebuked the wind and told the sea, "Quiet! Be still!" And the winds became still and there was great calm.
40. And he told them, "Why were you so afraid? And why is there no faith in you?"
41. And a great fear came upon them.* And they said one to another, "Who is he, that the winds and sea obey him?"

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*4:11 Lit. Ar. id.: Also, "backward ones."
*4:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "Minaret."
*4:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "See what hear you. By that measure that you measure, will be measured to you and increased for you, to those that listen."
*4:26 Lit. Ar. id: "Human being."
*4:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Fruition."
*4:35 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Let us cross the crossing."
*4:41 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And they feared a great fear."