Paul's Letter to the Romans

[Shipwreak painting, Oslo, Norway]

Romans Chapter:

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Translator Notes

It is necessary for the reader to understand that Paul's Letter to the Romans is about one topic only, namely the Covenant of Circumcision. Therefore, to fully understand the theological lessons of this Epistle, keep this in mind, that every passage and verse refers to the state of circumcision and non-circumcision, the old Covenant of Circumcision that was of the flesh and the new Covenant of Circumcision through the Spirit.

Furthermore, it should be of great interest to the student of Christianity to apply Paul's theological treatise in Romans to all the Covenants of the Old Testament and recognize the transformation that Jesus brings to them as new Covenants of the Spirit.

Throughout his theological discourse, Paul separates the new covenant of the Spirit from the old covenant of the flesh. The flesh represents the world as power, wealth and human desire. Living in the Spirit, through faith in Jesus Christ, can never be reconciled with living in the world. Therefore, according to Paul. Christian principles exist outside of the demands of the world. A Christian lives in spite of the world and endures despite the encroachments of earthly interests and powers.

Outside the miraculous power of Jesus, flesh cannot be healed, faith can only relieve suffering, all flesh is destined to die, and the Spirit provides the strength to endure the onslaught of evil. Living in Jesus Christ is life everlasting.

Translated by Victor Alexander ©1999
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