Paul is writing this Letter to the Christian converts in Ephesus. This is a beautiful Letter that reveals the symbolism of the Cross, the position of the Church in the world, and the relationship between the members of a Christian congregation. Jesus on the Cross resolves the enmity between the two lines of the Covenant, those who were destined to accept Jesus from the beginning and those who would not. By sacrificing himself on the Cross, Jesus was uniting this opposition into one symbol, which is the Cross. This enmity between the two factions is universal and a necessary state for Christianity to exist. Those of the world are represented by the stake in the ground and those of the Spirit are represented by the piece that crosses the stake and is suspended above the earth. The cross loses its shape and significance without the two pieces.
The Letter is addressed mainly to Jewish converts in Ephesus. The opposition to these Jews was mainly from the unconverted. The Letter points to the opposition that exists between believers and non-believers in every nation. Therefore, the symbol of the Cross has relevance in every country, especially in Western countries, because the persecution of Christianity never ceases in the world. The persecution of Christianity in predominantly Christian countries is more severe. In non-Christian countries, Christians know how to conduct themselves. In the West, Christians are victimized because they face hypocritical treatment by other religions, false-Christian sects, non-believers and outright atheists.
According to the Letter to the Ephesians, the kingdom of this earth was given to "the nations." The nations are all the people who belong to the empire in its broadest definition. Those who accepted Jesus Christ on the other hand, represented the kingdom of the Spirit. The two kingdoms are the two lines of the covenant. They are in opposition to each other, but the Cross of Jesus unites them into one body in the end.
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