|The Testament of John
1. In the beginning [of creation]
And that Manifestation was with God;
2. This was in the beginning with God.
3. Everything was within his power*,
4. Through him [there] was Life*
5. And that [ensuing] fire* lights the darkness
6. There was a man sent by God, his name [was] John [the Baptist.]
7. He came for that testimony, to testify [concerning] the light, so that
every human [being] may [come] to believe by his [testimony*.]
8. He was not the light, except that he was to testify [concerning] it*.
9. There was the light of the truth, that which lights everyone who is
10. He was with the people*
And the people did not know Him.
11. He came to his own
12. But all those who did receive him, He assigned them to be children*
of God, [to them] who believed in his name;
13. They who [did not become so] through blood, nor through the
desire* of the flesh and neither through a man's willpower*; except they
became born [so] from God.
14. And the Manifestation became flesh
And we saw His glory,
Full of grace and blessing.
15. John [the Baptist] testified to him and cried out, saying,
"This is the one [of whom] they said,
And yet is ahead of me,
16. And because of his abundant [grace]
Blessing upon blessing.*
17. The Law came to us by the hand of Moses.
18. No human [being] ever saw God,
He who existed in the bosom of his Father,
19. And this is the testimony of John [the Baptist,] as Jews of Jerusalem
sent high priests and Levites, to ask him, "Who are you?"
20. And he informed them, and did not deny it, saying*, "I am not the
21. And they asked him, "Then what, are you Elijah?" And he said, "I
am not." Are you a prophet?" And he answered, "No."
22. And they said to him, "Who are you? So we can give an answer to
those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?"
23. He said,
" 'I am the voice
Lay out the path [for] the Lord'
as Isaiah the prophet proclaimed."
24. And the ones who were sent were from the Pharisees.
25. And they asked him, saying (to him,) "Why then do you baptize, if
you are not the Anointed One, nor Elijah, nor a prophet?"
26. [Then] John answered them, saying, "I am baptizing with water*, but
amongst you stands one whom you do not know,
27. "He who comes after me, whose shoe laces I am not worthy of
28. These [events] occurred in Bethany, by the other side of [the] Jordan
[river,] where John was baptizing.
29. And the following day John saw Jesus approaching him, and he said,
"Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the universe.
30. "This is the one of whom I said, 'After me comes a man* who [goes]
before me, for he was [always] ahead of me.'
31. "And I would not know him, except that he was to be known to
Israel, [and] because of this came I baptizing with water*."
32. And [thus] testified John and said, "You shall see the Holy Spirit like
a dove nestling upon him.
33. "And I would not have known him, except for the [one who] sent me
to baptize with the waters, the one who told me, 'Whoever you see upon
whom the nestling Spirit holding firmly, he shall baptize with the Holy
34. "And I saw and am testifying that he is the Son of God."
35. And on the second day [there] stood John with two of his disciples.
36. And he gazed upon Jesus as he walked, and said, "Behold! The Lamb
37. And both his disciples heard it* and they followed Jesus.
38. And Jesus turned and saw them coming after him, and he said to
them, "What do you want?" They said to him, "[Our] Master*, where do
39. He said to them, "Come on and see [for yourselves.]" And they went
and saw where he was, and they remained with him that day--and it was
the tenth hour.
40. But one of the two who had heard it from John and had followed
him, was Andrew, the brother of Simon.
41. He first found his brother Simon, and said to him, "We have found
the Anointed One!"
42. And he brought them to Jesus. Jesus gazed at [Simon] and said, "You
are Simon, the son of the dove*, you shall be called Keepa*."
43. On the following day, it pleased Jesus to go to Galilee, and he found
Philip, and he said to him, "Follow me."
44. But Philip was from Bethsaida, from the town of Andrew and
45. Philip found Nathaniel and said to him, "The one of whom wrote
Moses in the Law and the prophets, we have found him, [he is] Jesus, the
son of Joseph, from Nazareth;"
46. [But] Nathaniel said to him, "From Nazareth, is it possible anything
good can [come out] of there?" Philip said to him, "Come and see."
47. Jesus saw Nathaniel approaching him, and he said to him, "Behold a
true son of Israel, in whom there is no duplicity!"
48. And Nathaniel said to him, "From when did you know me?" Jesus
answered him, saying, "I knew you before Philip called you, as I saw
you [sitting] under the fig tree."
49. [And] Nathaniel replied, saying, "Master, you are the Son of God!
You are the King of Israel!"
50. Jesus replied and said to him, "Because I told you that I saw you
under the fig tree, do you believe? You shall see a great [deal] more than
51. He said to them, "Amen, amen, I say to you, from now on you shall
see the heaven [that I have] opened and the angels of God as they ascend
and descend to the Son of Man*!"
1:1 "Milta," in Aramaic: the essential connotation for a person or thing.
There is no true English equivalent for this concept.
1:3 Literal Aramaic idiom [Lit. Ar. id.]: "[In his] hand."
1:4.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And without his hand, not one [thing that] became would have become."
1:4.2 "Lives," whenever it represents: "life everlasting" is stated in the plural. When used in this sense it will always be capitalized in this translation and appear as "Life."
1:4.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Light."
1:5 Lit. Ar. id.: "Light."
1:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "Hand."
1:8 Lit. Ar. id.: "The light."
1:9.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Gives Life to."
1:9.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Comes to [people, or] the universe."
1:10.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The universe."
1:10.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: He created them.
1:12 Lit. Ar. id.: "Sons of God."
1:13.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Will."
1:13.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Through satisfaction of man [or power of maturity.]"
1:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And from his fullness we have all been satisfied, grace in place of grace."
1:18 Lit. Ar. id.: "Spoke of."
1:20.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Informing."
1:20.2 The Messiah, the Christ.
1:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "Waters."
1:30 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mighty [man.]"
1:31 Lit. Ar. id.: "Waters."
1:37 Lit. Ar. id.: "As they heard."
1:38.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Rabban."
1:38.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Where dwell you?"
1:42.1 Lit. Ar. id.: The Holy Spirit.
1:42.2 Aramaic name retained: "Rock," which is Anglicized as "Peter."
1:51 "Bar-nasha," is a theological concept when used in this idiomatic construction. Sometimes it means: "humanity," other times: "a human being."
1. And on the third day, there was a feast in Cana of Galilee, and the
mother of Jesus was there.
2. And also Jesus and his disciples were invited to the feast.
3. And the wine [ran] short and his mother said to Jesus, "They have no
4. And Jesus said to her, "What is it to me and you, woman; the hour has
not come yet."
5. His mother said to the servants [,] "Do whatever he tells you."
6. And there were six stone jars placed there for the Jewish [ceremonial]
cleansing, that could hold two or three wine skins.
7. Jesus told them to fill these jars with water. And they filled them to
8. He told them, "Pour [some] now and take it to the head of festivities*,
and they brought it to him.
9. And as the head of festivities tasted the water that [had now] turned
into wine, he did not know where it was from; but, the servants knew,
[for] they had filled [the jars] with water. The head of festivities called
10. And he said to him, "Everyone* places the best wine [on the table]
first, and when it runs out*, they bring out the leftovers*, but you held
the best wine until now!"
11. This is the first sign that Jesus performed in Cana of Galilee, (and)
revealing his glory, and his disciples believed in him.
12. After that he went down to Capernaum, himself, his mother,
brothers and disciples, and he stayed there a few days.
13 And the Passover of the Jews was approaching, and Jesus went up to
14. And he found in the temple those who were selling cattle*, doves,
sheep and the [money] changers seated [there.]
15. And he made a whip from a rope and he threw everyone out of the
temple, the sheep, the cattle, the [money] changers, and the money he
scattered and he overturned their tables.
16. And to the sellers of the doves he said, "Take these from here, and
do not [turn] my father's house into a marketplace."
17. And his disciples recalled that it is written, "The devotion* for your
house shall consume me."
18. But the Jews replied, saying to him, "What sign are you showing [us
when] you do these [things]?*"
19. Jesus answered, saying to them, "Tear down this temple and in three
days I shall raise it up."
20. The Jews said to him, "It took forty-six years to build this temple,
and you will raise it up in three days?"
21. But he was speaking about the temple of his body.
22. As he rose up from the dead* the disciples remembered that he said
it and they believed the Scriptures and the manifestation of which Jesus
23. [While] Jesus was in Jerusalem [during] the Passover feast, many
believed in him, as they [witnessed] the signs that he performed.
24. But Jesus did not entrust himself to them, because he knew every one
25. And he was not in [desperate] need of human* testimony on [behalf
of] the Son of Man, for he understood what was in the nature of man.*
2:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mouth."
2:8 Lit. Ar. idiom retained. "Master of Ceremonies."
2:10.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Every human being."
2:10.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Then when they pour it out."
2:10.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "The short [supply.]"
2:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bulls."
2:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Zealous sense of responsibility."
2:18 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained. "What are you trying to prove by all this?"
2:22 Lit. Ar. "House of the dead."
2:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He knew every human [being.]"
2:25.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
2:25.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "For he knew what there was in a human being."
1. There was a man* from the Pharisees, his name was Nicodemus,
leader of the Jews,
2. Who came to Jesus in the night, and said to him, "Rabbi, I know that
from God you have been sent a teacher, for no one* can be found [who
can] perform these signs that you are doing, unless God is with him."
3. Jesus replied and said to him, "Amen, amen, I say to you, if [the]
human [being] is not born from above*, they cannot see the Kingdom of
4. Nicodemus said to him, "How can an old man get born, how can he
enter his mother's womb a second time*, to become born [again?]
5. Jesus replied and said to him, "Amen, amen, I am telling you, if [the]
human [being] is not born from the waters and the Spirit, they cannot
enter the Kingdom of God.
6. "Whoever is born of the flesh, is of the flesh, and whoever is born of
the Spirit, is of the Spirit.
7. "Do not be surprised that [they] tell you, that it is expected of you to
be born from above.
8. "The Spirit moves [you] for [the sake of] its own fulfillment, and you
listen to its voice; except, you do not know from where it came and
where it went. This is how it is with every human [being] who is born of
9. Nicodemus replied and said to him, "How can such things be?"
10. Jesus answered him, "You [are] a teacher of Israel and you do not
11. "Amen, amen, I say to you , of the things that we know, we speak,
and to the things that we have seen we are testifying, [yet] you do not
accept our testimony.
12. "If I tell you about earthly [things] and you do not believe, how then
if I tell you about heavenly [things] will you believe?
13. "No human [being] goes up to heaven, except the one who comes
down from heaven, the Son of Man who was in heaven.*
14. "And just as Moses lifted the darkness by the light of life, this is how
you should glorify* the Son of Man.
15. "So that every human [being] who believes in him does not [go to]
oblivion, except that they may have life everlasting*.
16. "For this is how [much] God loved humanity, that he gave forth his
only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him does not perish*, except
that they may have life everlasting.
17. "For God did not send his Son to the world* to condemn people,
except that people shall live* by his hand*.
18. "Whoever believes in him, is not condemned; and whoever does not
believe, has [already] been condemned long ago, [whoever] does not
believe in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
19. "For this is the judgment: that the light came to the people, and the
people loved the darkness more than the light, for they [only] wanted to
do evil [things.]
20. "For whoever does hateful [things,] hates the light and does not come
to the light, so as not to be reprimanded for their doings.
21. "The one who does good* [things,] comes to the light, so as to make
known his doings to God, [to make known] that by God's [will] they are
22. After Jesus [taught] these [things,] he came to Judea, (and) where he
visited [with the people there] and baptized.
23. John also was baptizing at Aenon* near Salim*, for the waters were
plentiful there and they came and were baptized.
24. Because John was still not thrown in prison.
25. There arose a question between one of the disciples of John and a
Jew over [ceremonial] washing.
26. And they came to John and said to him, "Rabbi, the one who was
with you at the crossing of the Jordan [river,] of whom you testified,
behold, he is also baptizing and many are coming to him."
27. John replied and said to them, "No human [being] can of his own will
[receive] anything, unless it comes to him from heaven.
28. "You are my witnesses that I said, 'I am not the Anointed One,
except the apostle before him.'
29. "Whoever has a bride is the bridegroom. His best man, who stands at
attention, is overjoyed as he hears the voice of the bridegroom [calling
30. "To him it was destined to be great, to me to be little.*
31. "Because the one who comes from above, is above all, and the one
[who comes] from the earth, is from the earth and preaches* from the
earth. The one who comes from heaven is above all.
32. "And the thing that he sees and hears, he gives testimony to, and his
testimony no one accepts.
33. "The one who accepts his testimony, [takes on] God's true seal.
34. "Because the one sent by God, preaches the words of God, for God
does not give [forth] the Spirit in increments*.
35. "The Creator loves the Son and everything is given in his hands.
36. "Whoever believes in the Son, possesses everlasting life; and
whoever does not cling onto the Son, will not see [eternal*] life, except
the wrath of God shall fasten itself upon him."
3:1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
3.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
3:3 Lit. Ar. id.: "From the head," or "again."
3:4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Season."
3:13 Lit. Aramaic idiomatic construction retained.
3:14 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lift up."
3:15 Lit. Ar. id.: ""To [the end of] the universe."
3:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "[Go] to oblivion."
3:17.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The people."
3:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "To judge."
3:17.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Be saved [by him.]"
3:17.4 Lit. Ar. id. retained: "Grace."
3:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "The truth."
3:23.1 In Aramaic, this means: "Eye."
3:23.2 In Aramaic, this is pronounced: "Shalim," which means: "Adhere to," or "follow," etc.
3:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "His best man, who stands [in anticipation] to hear him, a great joy he [experiences] because of the voice of the bridegroom."
3:30 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "To him [it] was given in abundance, to me shrinkingly."
3:31 Lit. Ar. id.: [Gives] speeches.
3:34 Lit. Ar. id.: "By measure."
3:36 In Aramaic, "Eternity" is always expressed in terms of "The universe."
1. Jesus knew that the Pharisees had heard that he was making many
[into] disciples, much more than John,
2. Even though it was not Jesus [himself] who was [doing the] baptizing
but his disciples.
3. He left Judea and he went again to Galilee.
4. He had to pass through Samaria.
5. And he came to the Samaritan town which is called Sychar* next to
the side of the field that was given by Jacob to his son Joseph.
6. And [also] Jacob's water well was there. Since Jesus was tired from
the exertions of the journey, he sat at the well, and it was the sixth hour
[of the day.]
7. There came a woman from Samaria, to get* water, and Jesus said to
her, "Give me [some] drinking water."
8. His disciples had left for town to buy themselves some goods.
9. Thus said the Samaritan woman to him, "What [kind of a] Jew are you
[that] you ask me for a drink, me being a Samaritan woman? For Jews
do not regard Samaritans worthy enough."
10. Jesus replied and said to her, "If you [only] knew the [gracious] gift
of God and who told you to give him water, you would have been
asking, and he would have given you the living waters."
11. [And] that woman told him, "My Lord, you have neither a
[retrieving] bucket nor a deep [enough] well, then where [do you get]
your living waters?
12. "Why, are you greater than Jacob, who gave us this well, from
which he drank, and his sons and his herds?"
13. Jesus replied and told her, "Whoever drinks of these waters will
14. "Whoever drinks of the waters that I have will never thirst again*,
except that the waters which I give them, will become a well of waters
inside them, that will well out [and lead] to eternal* life."
15. [Then] the woman said to him, "My Lord, give me of these waters,
so that I may neither thirst, nor have to come here for drawing [water.]"
16. Jesus told her, "Go and call your mate* and come [back] here."
17. She told him, "I do not have a mate." Jesus told her, "How nice* you
say that you do not have a mate!
18. "For you have had five mates, and the one you have [now] is not
going to be your mate. This [much] you said truthfully."
19. [Then] the woman said to him, "My Lord, I see you are a prophet!
20. "Our ancestors* worshipped at this mountain, and [yet] you say that
in Jerusalem is the [rightful] place* to worship."
21. Jesus told her, "Woman, believe me, the hour will come, that neither
at this mountain, nor at Jerusalem they shall worship the Father.
22. "You worship the things which you do not know, we worship what
we know ourselves, that Life [came] from the Jews.
23. "Except that the hour is coming, and it is now, when the faithful*
worshippers worship the Father in Spirit and truthfulness, for the Father
also wants worshippers such as these.
24. "God is a Spirit and those who worship him must* worship him in
Spirit and faithfulness*."
25. [That] woman told him, "I know that the Anointed One is coming
and when he comes he will teach us everything."
26. Jesus told her, "I am the One, who is speaking with you."
27. And as he was speaking, his disciples [returned] and were amazed
that he was talking to the woman. Not one* of them said: "What do you
want?" Or, "Why are you talking to him?"
28. And the woman left her water jug and went into town and said to the
29. "Come [all of you] and see a man who told me everything that you*
do. [Might] he not be the Anointed One [?]"
30. And the people left the town and went to him.
31. And in-between all this the disciples wanted him [to eat,] saying to
him, "Rabbi, [start] chewing."
32. But he said to them, "I have food to eat, of which you do not know."
33. The disciples said amongst themselves, "Who* could have brought
him something to eat?"
34. Jesus told them, "The food that I came for is to satisfy whom sent me
and to adhere* to his mission*.
35. "Do you not say that after four months the harvest is coming?
Behold, I am telling you, lift up your eyes and see the lands that have
[turned] white, ripe for the harvest, from long ago;
36. "But, the reaper earns payment, and gathers* harvests for eternal
life, and the sower and the reaper are happy together.
37. "For this [reason] came the Manifestation of the Truth, that
somebody* [should] sow and the other [shall] harvest.
38. "I sent you to harvest, the thing that it was not you who labored
with, because others labored [with it,] and you are handling* their
39. From that town many Samaritans believed in him, because that
woman believed his word*, to which she testified that, "He told me
everything that one does."
40. And as the Samaritans came to him, they wanted him to stay with
them, and he stayed with them two days;
41. And many believed in him because of his word*.
42. And they told that woman, "From now on it is not because of your
testimony* that we believe in him, for [now] we have heard and
understand, that here, truly, [stands] the Anointed Life-giver* of the
43. And after two days, Jesus left there and went to Galilee.
44. For Jesus [himself] testified that a prophet is not respected in his own
45. As he came to Galilee, the Galileans received him, as they had seen
all the signs he had performed in Jerusalem during the feast, for they
had also gone there for the feast.
46. Again Jesus came to Cana of Galilee, where he [turned] the water
into wine. And there was in Capernaum a servant of a king, one whose
son was ill.
47. As he heard that Jesus was coming from Judea to Galilee, [the
servant] went to him and he wanted from him to come down and heal his
son, for he was near death.
48. Jesus told him, "If you do not see signs and wonders, you do not
49. The king's servant said, "My Lord, come down before* the child
50. Jesus said to him, "Go, the son is alive." And the man [did] believe in
the word* that Jesus spoke and went.
51. As [the king] was coming down, [there] met him his servants and
[they made him] wait and told him, "Your son lives."
52. And he asked them, "At what time did he come to*?" They told him,
"Yesterday, in the seventh hour the fever left him."
53. And the father knew it was in that hour that Jesus had said, "Your
son shall live;" and he believed, and his entire house[hold.]
54. This was again the second sign that Jesus performed as he came from
Judea to Galilee.
4:5 In Aramaic: "Sugar."
4:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "To fill up."
4:14.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Will not thirst to the end of the universe."
4:14.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To the universal life."
4:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "The [one] who loves you."
4:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Beautiful."
4:20.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Parents."
4:20.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Land.
4:23 Lit. Ar. id.: "Truthful."
4:24.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Dutifully."
4:24.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Truthfulness."
4:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
4:28 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [beings.]"
4:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech retained. "Anything anybody [does.]"
4:33 Lit. Ar. id.: "What human [being.]"
4:34.1 Lit. Ar. idiom: "To follow through to completion" is also implied in the usage.
4:34.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Work."
4:36 Lit. Ar. id.: "Sweeps."
4:37 Lit. Ar. id.: "The other one."
4:38 Lit. Ar. idiom retained, meaning here: "Expediting."
4:39.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Manifestation."
4:39.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "You [do]."
4:41 Lit. Ar. id.: "Manifestation."
4:42.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Manifestation."
4:42.2 Lit. Ar. idiom, as in: "Creator."
4:49 Lit. Ar. id.: "So as not."
4:50 Lit. Ar. id.: "Manifestation."
4:52 Lit. Ar. id.: "[Regained his] strength."
1. Afterwards there followed a feast of the Jews,* and Jesus went up to
2. There was in Jerusalem a place of baptism*, that is called in Hebrew
"House of Harvest," which was [supported] by five columns.
3. And by these [columns] they used to throw down many people, with
fowl [illnesses,] the blind, the crippled and the withered; and they
[eagerly awaited] the movement of the water.
4. For the angel, season by season, would come down for the baptism
and would stir the water for them. And whoever went down first into
the water, after the movement of the water, was restored* [from]
whatever inadequacy they had.
5. There was a man there, one who for thirty-eight years had been
[struck] with a foul illness.
6. Jesus saw him [down by the column,*] and he knew he had a long
[illness*,] and he said to him, "You anticipate [getting well*?]"
7. The sick [man] replied and said, "Yes, my Lord. [But] I do not have
anybody*, that when the water is stirred up, who will throw me into the
[pool of] baptism. Except that before I can [go down into the water,]
somebody else goes down before me."
8. Jesus told him, "Get up, take your [straw] mat and get going!"
9. And in that very hour the man was restored, and he got up, took his
mat and got going. And that was [on] a Sabbath.
10. And the Jews told the one who was healed, "This is the Sabbath, you
are not [permitted according to Law] to pick up your mat."
11. But he replied and said, "The one who restored me, he [is the one]
who told me, 'Take your mat and go.' "
12. And they asked him, "Who is this man who told you to pick up your
mat and go?"
13. But the one who was healed did not know who he was, for Jesus had
disappeared* into the big crowd that were present at that place.
14. After a time* Jesus found [the man] in the temple and said to him,
"Behold, you are healed [now,] do not sin again, so as not to end up
worse than before."*
15. And the man went and told the Jews that it was Jesus who restored
16. And because of this the Jews abandoned* Jesus and wanted him
killed, [because] of such [works] that [Jesus] did on the Sabbath.
17. But Jesus told them, "Whatever my Father does, I also do."
18. And because of this the Jews were forever resolved* to kill him, not
only because he retired* the Sabbath, except also about God he said that
He was his Father, and he made himself equal with God.
19. So, Jesus replied and answered them, "Amen, amen, I am telling you,
that the Son cannot do something from out of nowhere,* except [from
that which] he sees his Father doing; for these [things] that the Father
does, these also the Son likewise does.
20. "For the Father has compassion for the Son, and whatever He does
he reveals* it to him. And much more than these works He will reveal to
him so that you will be [utterly] amazed.
21. "For when the Father raises the dead and [brings them] to life, so
also the Son to those he pleases he [brings] to life.
22. "For the Father never judges mankind*, except all judgment has been
given to the Son,
23. "So that every human [being] may honor the Son as they honor the
Father. Whoever does not honor the Son, does not honor the Father that
24. "Amen, amen, I am telling you, that whoever listens to my words
and believes the one who sent me, has [achieved] eternal* Life, and will
not come [before] judgment, except has passed from death to Life.
25. "Amen, amen, I am telling you, there comes an hour which has just
arrived, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those
that hear [it] shall live [again.]
26. "Because as for the Father there is Life through his trinity, so also
He has given the Son Life through his trinity;
27. "And his work is to be also to judge, since his Son was a human
28. "Do not be amazed [when] that hour comes, when all the dead hear
29. "And come out, those who did good deeds are resurrected for Life
and those who did evil stand to be condemned*.
30. "I cannot make something out of nothing, except I judge according to
what I hear and my judgment is a righteous [judgment.] For I do not
want satisfaction for myself, except [I do so] for the satisfaction of the
one who sent me.
31. "If I were testifying on my own behalf, my testimony would not be
32. "But someone else is testifying on my behalf, and I know that it is a
true testimony that is being [given] concerning me.
33. "You sent for John and he witnessed to the truth.
34. "But it was not from human [beings] that I needed testimony, except
that it was I who said that you shall live.
35. "[John] was a beacon of light, and you were satisfied for an hour
[and] proud to be in that light.*
36. "[With] me I have a testimony greater than John's. For the tasks my
Father has given me to accomplish*: these [very] tasks that I do, will be
testimony that the Father authorized* me.
37. "And the Father who authorized me testified on my behalf. You
neither hear his voice, nor recognize his presence*.
38. "And his manifestation does not abide in you, as long as you do not
believe in whom He sent.
39. "Your entire hope is in the Scriptures, thinking that you have
achieved eternal Life*, and [yet the Scriptures] testify about me. By hope
of Scriptures you anticipate, that Life to [the end of] the universe you
[may] have, and these testify concerning me.
40. "And you are not pleased* to come to me, so that you may have
41. "Devotion from human beings does not nourish* us;
42. "Except to demonstrate that the love of God is not in you.
43. "I came in the name of my Father and you did not accept me. And if
someone else comes in his own name, you accept him.
44. "How can you have faith, when you accept devotion one from
another* and the grace of the One God you do not want?
45. "Do not expect that I will reduce you before the Father, there is
someone else who will [do that,] Moses, in whom you have your hope*.
46. "For if you had believed in Moses, you would have also believed in
me, for it was about me that Moses wrote.
47. "And if you do not believe in his Books*, how will you believe in
5:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "After these it was feast of the Jews."
5:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "A pool of water."
5:4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Strengthened."
5:6.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Thrown [down]."
5:6.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Season."
5:6.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Strengthened."
5:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
5:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Leaned."
5:14.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Season."
5:14.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Behold, restored one, again do not sin, so that it does not befall you of the thing that is worse than the first."
5:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Cast out."
5:18.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Inheritance-wise," in the sense of: "For good."
5:18.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Untied."
5:19 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "That the Son cannot do the thing from negating [contrary to] himself."
5:20 Lit. Ar. id.: "Shows."
5:22 Lit. Ar. id.: "The human [being.]"
5:24 Lit. Ar. id.: "To [the end of] the universe."
5:29 Lit. Ar. id.: "Judged."
5:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "If I testify on myself my testimony will not be truthful."
5:35 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He was a lamp that burned and brightened [also: revealed,] and you were satisfied [in] that pride of that hour in the light [revelation.]"
5:36.1 Lit. Ar. idiom: "That grant peace."
5:36.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Apostled."
5:37 Lit. Ar. id.: "Sight."
5:39 Lit. Ar. id.: "Life" is always "Lives" in Aramaic.
5:40 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfied."
5:41 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfy."
5:44 Lit. Ar. id.: "One."
5:45 Lit. Ar. id.: "[Whom you] anticipate."
5:47 Lit. Ar. id.: Also: "Writings."
1. After these [things] Jesus went across to the sea of Galilee, of Tiberias.
2. And great crowds followed him, as they had seen the miracles he
performed on the sick.
3. And Jesus went up the mountain, and he sat there with his disciples.
4. But the Jewish Passover was approaching.
5. And as Jesus raised his eyes and saw the great crowd coming to him,
he said to Philip, "Where shall we buy bread [so] that these [people] can
6. But he said this advisedly, for he knew what had to be done.
7. Philip said that, "Two hundred dinars'* [worth] of bread would not
deliver [enough quantity,] just to satisfy each* one a little."
8. One of the disciples said to him, [it was] Andrew, brother of Simon
9. "We have a boy here, that has on him five [flat] breads of barley and
two [tiny] fishes. Except what are these for all of them?"
10. Jesus told them, "Make the men* all lay down." The grass was tall*
in that place there. And the men lied down, [there were] five thousand
11. And Jesus took the bread and blessed [it] and divided it to those
laying down, and of those fish also, as much as they wanted*.
12. And as they ate their fill,* [Jesus] said to his disciples, "Gather* up
their leftover fragments so as none is lost."
13. And they gathered and filled twelve wicker baskets of fragments,
these that were the leftovers of those that ate of the five barley breads.
14. These that saw the man* [do] the miracles that Jesus did, said,
"Truthfully, this [is] the Prophet who [was] to come to the world*."
15. But as Jesus knew their [intention] of seizing him and making him
[their] king, he departed for the mountain [all] alone.
16. And as evening came, his disciples retired to the sea,
17. And they [boarded] the vessel and [prepared] to cross over to
Capernaum. And darkness came, [but] Jesus had not [yet returned] to
18. The sea swelled [about] them, for the Spirit stirred up on their
19. And they managed something like twenty-five or thirty furlongs, and
[they] saw Jesus traversing the diminutive sea and as he neared their ship,
20. Jesus then told them, "It is I, do not panic."
21. And they were relieved* to take him into the vessel and
immediately* the ship itself was at the harbor* where they were
[supposed] to go!
22. And on the following day, that crowd of the previous day that had
been [present] at the crossing of the sea, saw that there was no other
vessel there, except for the one that the disciples boarded, and neither
did Jesus go off with his disciples on board that vessel!
23. A large number of sail boats from Tiberias came to the place where
[the thousands] ate the bread that Jesus blessed.
24. And as the crowd saw that neither Jesus, nor his disciples were there,
they took to their [boats] and came to Capernaum, [looking] for Jesus.
25. And as they found him at the crossing of the sea, they said to him,
"[Our] Master, when did you come here?"
26. Jesus replied and said to them, "Amen, amen, I am telling you that
you want me, not because you saw miracles, except that you may eat
your fill of bread.
27. "Do not work for the food that perishes, except [for] the food that
[destines] you for eternal Life.* The hand of the Son of Man will give [it
to] you. For [upon] this has the Father placed the seal of God."
28. They said to him, "What shall one do to do God's Work?"
29. Jesus replied, telling them, "You do God's work as you believe in
whom he sends."
30. They said to him, "What miracles do you do that we should see and
believe in you? What can you make?
31. "Our ancestors ate manna in the desert, as it is written, that 'Bread
from heaven he gave them to eat.' "
32. Jesus said to them, "Amen, amen, I am telling you, it was not Moses
who gave you bread from heaven, except it was my Father who gave you
the bread of blessing from heaven.
33. "For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and
gives Life to the universe*."
34. They said, "Our Lord, give us this bread always*."
35. Jesus told them, "I am the bread of Life. Whoever comes to me shall
not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall not thirst to the end of the
36. "Except I told you that you saw me and you did not believe.
37. "Whoever my Father gives me, shall come to me; and whoever
comes to me, shall not remain outside*.
38. "That I came down from heaven, not for my own satisfaction, except
for the satisfaction of whom sent me.
39. "This is the desire* of the one who sent me, that no one whom He
gives me shall be lost,* except [that] I shall raise them in the last day.
40. "For this is the desire* of my Father, that whoever sees the Son and
believes in him, shall have Life everlasting* and [that] I shall raise them
on the last day."
41. The Jews, however, did not like it*, since he said that I am the bread
that came from heaven.
42. And they said, "Is this not Jesus, son of Joseph, whose father and
mother we know? And how can he say that I have come from heaven?"
43. Jesus replied and said to them, "Do not complain amongst
44. "No human [being] can come to me, except if the Father ransoms*
them, and [thus] I shall raise them on the last day.
45. "For the prophet wrote that, 'They shall all be taught by God.'
Whoever thus hears from the Father and learns from Him, shall come to
46. " It is not that a human [being] has seen the Father, except the one
who has come from God, he was the one who sees the Father.
47. "Amen, amen, I am telling you, that whoever believes in me has Life
to [the end of] the universe.
48. "I am the bread of Life!
49. "Your ancestors ate manna in the wilderness and died.
50. "For this is the bread that comes down from heaven, that a human
[being] eats and does not die!
51. "I am the living bread that came down from heaven. And if a human
[being] eats of this bread, [they] shall live to [the end of] the universe.
But the bread that I offer is my body, that on behalf of the lives of all
the people I give."*
52. The Jews argued one with the other, (and) saying, "How can he give
us his body to eat?"
53. And Jesus told them, "Amen, amen, I am telling you that if you do
not eat the body of the Son of Man, and drink his blood, you cannot
[receive] the [triune] essences* of a Living [human being.]
54. "Whoever eats of my body and drinks of my blood, shall receive
Life to [the end of] the universe, and I will [surely] raise them on the last
55. "For my body truly becomes food and my blood truly becomes
56. "Whoever eats my body and drinks my blood, is strengthened* in me
and I in them.
57. "Whoever the Living Father has sent me, and I am alive because of
the Father, and whoever eats of me, they also Live [eternally] because of
58. "This is the bread that comes down from heaven. It is not like the
manna that your ancestors ate and died. Whoever eats of this bread lives
to [the end of] the universe."
59. These [things] he said in the synagogue as he taught in Capernaum.
60. And many of his disciples who heard, said, "This is a difficult
concept*, who can understand* it?"
61. But Jesus knew inside himself that the disciples were complaining
about this, and he told them, "Did this confuse* you?
62. "Then [what will you think] if you see the Son of Man ascend to the
state that he possessed of old?
63. "It is the Spirit that gives Life. The flesh does nothing. The words
that I speak with you are of the Spirit and the Life.
64. "But there are those* among you that do not believe." For Jesus
knew from the beginning* who were the ones who did not believe, and
who was to betray* him.
65. And he told them, "Because of this I told you that no one* comes to
me, if it were not given* to him by my Father."
66. Because of these words* many of his disciples fell away,* and did
not go with him.
67. And Jesus said to his twelve, "What [now,] are you also thinking of
68. Simon the Rock* replied and said, "My Lord, to whom shall we go?
You hold the words to eternal life!*
69. "And we have believed and understand that you [are] the Anointed
One, Son of the Living God!"
70. Jesus [then] said to them, "Was it not I who picked* you [to be] the
twelve, and [yet] one of you is Satan?!"
71. But he said this about Judas, son of Simon Iscariot. For [Judas] was
prepared to betray* him--one of [those] twelve!
6:7.1 Comparable to dollars.
6:7.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "One [by one.]"
6:8 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Peter."
6:10.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [beings.]"
6:10.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Much."
6:11 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "[As much as they were] satisfied."
6:12.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And as they were satisfied."
6:12.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Sweep."
6:14.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
6:14.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "The universe."
6:18 Lit. Ar. id.: "Concerning them."
6:21.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfied."
6:21.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic phrase: "And in that by hour."
6:21.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Land."
6:27 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "...that fastens [you] to Lives [to the end] of the universe."
6:33 Lit. Ar. idiom retained. "People."
6:34 Lit. Ar. id.: "In every season."
6:37 Lit. Ar. id.: "Behind."
6:39.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfaction."
6:39.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "That every [one or thing] that He gives me does not [go to] oblivion from Him."
6:40.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfaction."
6:40.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Lives to [the end of] the universe."
6:41 Lit. Ar. id.: [Made a] muffled protest.
6:43 Lit. Ar. id.: "One with one."
6:44 Lit. Ar. id.: "Saves."
6:51 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "My body that over the faces of the lives of the universe I give," meaning: "for all."
6:53 Lit. Ar. id.: "Q'numeh."
6:56 Lit. Ar. id.: "Hardened," or "fortified."
6:60.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Manifestation."
6:60.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Hear," or "heed."
6:61 Lit. Ar. id.: "Whip."
6:64.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [beings.]"
6:64.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Old."
6:64.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Deliver."
6:65.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
6:65.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Given, " in the sense of a gift or a blessing.
6:66.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "This manifestation, [or concept.]"
6:66.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Went into retirement."
6:67 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "(For) what, also you are satisfied (you) for going [away?]"
6:68.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "The words of Lives to [the end of] the universe you have!"
6:70 Aramaic idiomatic construction, suggesting a two-way ironic compliment.
6:71 Lit. Ar. id.: "Deliver."
1. After these [things] Jesus went around Galilee. For it was not his
pleasure to go around Judea, since the Jews wanted to have him killed.
2. And the Jewish feast of Tabernacles* was near.
3. And his brothers told Jesus, "Leave this [area] and go to Judea, so that
your disciples also may see the works that you do.
4. "For there is no man* who performs something in secret [but] whose
intentions* are that it be revealed. If these [works] you are performing,
[then] show yourself to the world*."
5. For his brothers believed neither in him, nor in [his being] Jesus*.
6. Jesus told them, "My hour of decision is not yet here. This is your
time, all of it.*
7. "No one can [possibly] hate you [now.] But me they hate, for I testify
against them, that their deeds are wicked.
8. "You go up to this feast. I will not go to this feast yet, because the
hour has not arrived.*"
9. These [things] he said and remained in Galilee.
10. [But] as his brothers went up to the feast, that is when* he also went
up, not openly [however,] except as though in secret.
11. The Jews that wanted him [during] the feast, were saying, "Where is
12. And there was a lot of arguing [about*] him among the crowds. For
there were some who said that he was good; and others said [that] no,
except he is searching for supporters."*
13. For no one* spoke of him openly*, because of Jewish* subterfuge.
14. As half the day of the feast [was over,] Jesus went up to the temple
and [began] teaching [there.]
15. And the Jews were amazed, saying, "How does he know the Scripture
as he has never learned it?"
16. Jesus replied and said, "My learning was not mine, except of whom
17. "Whoever desires* to do His will*, shall be redeemed by my
teachings,* if they are from God, and not from myself that I speak
18. "Whoever speaks only from his own opinions, wants to glorify
himself. Whoever wants glory for the One who sent him, is true, and
abomination in his heart is not [found.]
19. "Did not Moses give you the Law? And [yet] not one* of you
obeyed* the Law. Why do you want to have me killed?"
20. The crowd replied, "Are you [possessed] by a demon*? Who wants
to have you killed?"
21. Jesus replied and said to them, "I do one thing* and all of you are
22. "This is why* Moses gave you circumcision, not that it was from
Moses, except that it was an ancestral [tradition] and [so that] on a
Sabbath you [may] perform the circumcision on a man*.
23. "And if a man* is circumcised on the Sabbath day, so as not to undo
the Law of Moses; [yet] against me you complain that I restore the entire
man* on the Sabbath day.
24. "Do not judge on face* [value,] except judge the judgment of the
25. And [some] men of Jerusalem asked, "Is not this one whom they want
26. "And [yet] he speaks openly*, and they tell him nothing. Why do our
priests think* that he is the Anointed One?!
27. "Except we know where this one comes from. Our Anointed One,
when he comes, not a soul* will know from where he comes."
28. And Jesus raised his voice, as he taught at the temple, and said, "And
[so] you know me, and where I come from you know that [too,] and out
of nowhere* I did not come, except who sent me is the Truth. He whom
you do not know.
29. "I am the one who knows Him, and [I know] that I am from Him and
that He sent me."
30. And they wanted to arrest* him and [yet] no one* raised a hand
against him, for his hour had not come yet.
31. A great many from the crowd believed in him and said, "When the
Anointed One comes, why then does he perform [greater] miracles than
these that he is doing?"
32. And the Pharisees heard the crowds speaking about him such
[things,] and [the Pharisees] and the high priests sent emissaries to arrest*
33. And Jesus said, "I am with you a short season and [then] I go to
whom sent me.
34. "And you will seek me and you will not find me, and where I come,
you will not find it, so you could [also] come."
35. The Jews said inside themselves, "Where is he going to go* that we
cannot find him? Why then, is he planning* to go to the countries of the
world* and teach pagans?
36. "What is the meaning of these words he is saying,* that, 'You shall
seek me and not find me, and where I come you cannot come?'
37. On that great, last day of the feast,* Jesus rose and cried out, "If
anyone* thirsts they [can] come to me and drink!
38. "Whoever believes in me, as the Scriptures have proclaimed, 'Rivers
of the Living waters shall gush from His body*.' "
39. However, he said this regarding the [Holy] Spirit, which was
prepared for those to receive who believed in him. For the [Holy] Spirit
had not yet been issued, since Jesus had not [poured out] his sacrificial,
40. A great many in the crowd who spoke out, said, "He is truly a
41. Others said, "He is the Anointed One!" Others said, "Why, from
Galilee [is it possible] that an Anointed One comes?
42. "Did not the Scripture say that it was from the seed of David, and
from Bethlehem, which is the village of David, there will come the
43. And [so] there was division in the crowd because of him.
44. And there were those* among them who wished to seize* him,
except no one* raised their hands against him.
45. And the emissaries came [back] to the high priests and Pharisees, and
the high priests said, "Why did you not bring him?"
46. The emissaries told them, "It is impossible for a human being to
speak like this [mighty] man spoke!"
47. The Pharisees said to them, "Why, have you also lost* it?
48. "Why, [is it possible] a man from the emissaries, [sent by] the
Pharisees, [ends up] believing in him?!
49. "Except for these cursed people here that do not know the Law!"
50. [There] said to them Nicodemus, one of them, who had come to Jesus
in the night,
51. "That is why our Law condemns none*, except if it hears from them
beforehand and learns from them what they have done?"
52. They replied to him and said, "Why, are you also from Galilee?
Search and see [you will find] that no prophet rises out of Galilee."
53. Thus* each went to their homes.
Go to John, Chapter 8 ... or Return to index page
7:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Tents."
7:4.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:4.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfaction."
7:4.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Universe," or "people."
7:5 Lit. Ar. id.: "Life-giver," or "Savior."
7:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "My season, which is decreed to occur, has not [yet] arrived. Your season, which is yours, in every time, has arrived."
7:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Because my season has not yet concluded."
7:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "The time."
7:12.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Because of."
7:12.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Except he searches for people."
7:13.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: ""Not a human [being]."
7:13.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Revealingly."
7:13.3 The reference to Jews is in the sense of religion, not the culture.
7:17.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Is satisfied."
7:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfaction."
7:17.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic phraseology: "[Shall gain] autonomous (independent, liberating, sovereign) knowledge."
7:19.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:19.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Guarded and observed."
7:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained. "Are you crazy? [Absolutely not!]"
7:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "Doing."
7:22.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Because of this."
7:22.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being."
7:23.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:23.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:24 Lit. Ar. id.: "Faces."
7:26.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Revealingly."
7:26.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Know."
7:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "From only myself."
7:30.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "To [his] taking."
7:30.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:32 Lit. Ar. id.: "To take him."
7:35.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "To where comes he to go."
7:35.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Coming," or "intending."
7:35.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Peoples."
7:36 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "What is this word [or manifestation] that he says."
7:37.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "On that great day, that was the last of the feast."
7:37.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:38 Lit. Ar. id.: "Stomach."
7:39 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Since Jesus had not yet performed [the act of] sacrificing glorification."
7:44.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [beings.]"
7:44.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Take."
7:44.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Human [being.]"
7:47 Lit. Ar. id.: "Searching for [it.]"
7:51 Lit. Ar. id.: "No human beings."
7:53 Lit. Ar. id.: With matters unresolved.