Jeremiah 52*

1. Sidqaiah* was twenty-one when he reigned, and he reigned for eleven years as king in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother was Khamtul daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah.
2. And he committed evil before the Lord, like Jehoiakim* did.
3. It was because of them* that the anger of the Lord was upon Jerusalem and Judea, until he cast them away from his face,* as* he thus placed Sidqaiah the king under the charge of Nebuchadnasser, King of Babylon.*
4. And in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth of that month, there came Nebuchadnasser, the King of Babylon, together with his entire army* against* Jerusalem and they laid siege to her,* and he built siege towers* around her.
5. And the city entered [a period of] tribulation until the eleventh year of the reign of Sidqaiah.
6. And in the fifth month, on the ninth of the month, the famine took hold* in the city and there was no food for the people of the earth.*
7. And the city [gates were breached] and all the men of war fled and left the city in the night, by the way of the gate between the walls by the side of the king's garden, and the Chaldeans circled the city and followed the path of [their] flight.*
8. And the Chaldean army took off after the king and they caught up to Sidqaiah on the road to Jerico, and his entire army abandoned him.*
9. Thus* they captured the king and they took him up to the King of Babylon at Divlat in the land of Khamath, where he was judged.*
10. Then* the king of Babylon slaughtered the sons of Sidqaiah to spite him and [likewise] all the free people [of Judea] that he fought at Divlat.
11.And he blinded Sidqaiah's eyes and he tied him with chains, and the King of Babylon took him and delivered him to prison* until the day he died.
12. And in the fifth month, on the tenth of the month, it was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnasser King of Babylon when [there came] Nebuzardan, chief of the horsemen,* and stood before the King of Babylon in Jerusalem.
13. And he burned the house of the Lord and the house of the king of Judea and all the houses of the noblemen* with fire.
14. And the army* of the Chaldeans and its chief of the horsemen uprooted all the walls of Jerusalem that circled her.
15. And there were those that were the poor of the nation and the rest of the people who remained in the city, and those that ran to the King of Babylon [they were also allowed to stay;] however,* the rest of the people Nebuzardan carried off as captives.
16. And from the poor of the nation and of the land, Nebuzardan, chief of the horsemen, allowed those who were farmers and the workmen* to stay.
17. And the pillars of bronze, the panels and the sea* of bronze at the house of the Lord, the Chaldeans broke up, and they took all the bronze and carried it off to Babylon.
18. And they took the [incense] dispensers, the scrapers, the snuffers, the sprinklers, the cups, and all the bronze vessels by which they performed the services.
19. And the chief of the horsemen [also] took the wick trimmers, the sheers, the snuffers, the [incense] dispensers, the holders, the menorahs, the cups, and the chalices of gold and silver.
20. [They took] the two pillars of bronze and the sea, with the twelve bronze balls that were beneath the expanse of the sea, those that King Solomon built for the house of the Lord, and there was no scale [big enough] to weigh the bronze of those vessels.
21. And as for those two pillars, each pillar was eighteen [cubits] in its height and there was a line of twelve of them circling around, and its [middle section] was four fingers wide and hollow inside.
22. And the panels upon it were of bronze and their height was five arm lengths* and the hunt [motif] and the pomegranate [designs] that were upon the panels circled all around and were [also] of bronze, and likewise the other pillars, which also had the pomegranate [designs upon them.]
23. There were ninety-six pomegranates, but* altogether the pomegranates that circled the hunting panels* were one hundred.
24. Then* the chief of the horsemen fetched the leading high priest Sheriah and Sapnaiah the high priest following him, [together] with three keepers* of the gates.
25. And from the city he fetched one of the faithful, who had authority over the soldiers,* and seven well-known men, who were seen before the king that remained in the city, and the scribes and the chief of the army* of the landsmen, and sixty men from the landsmen who remained in the city.
26. Nebuzardan, the chief of the horsemen, fetched them and took them to the King of Babylon at Divlat in the land of Khamat.
27. And the King of Babylon had them beaten and killed in Divlat, the land of Khamat, and he exiled Judah from his land.
28. These are the people that Nebuchadnasser, King of Babylon, carried off into exile: three thousand and twenty-three Judeans.
29. And in the eighteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnasser, he carried from Jerusalem eight hundred and thirty-two souls into exile.
30. And in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnasser, King of Babylon, Nebuzardan the chief of the horsemen carried off seven hundred and forty-five Judean souls into exile -- altogether there were four thousand and six hundred souls.*
31. In the thirty-seventh year of exile of Jehoiakim,* King of Judea, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-fifth of that month, Marudakh the First, King of Babylon, (in the [first] year of his reign,) raised the head of Jehoiakim, King of Judea, and released* him from prison,*
32. And he spoke to him respectfully* and he raised his seat above the seats of the kings that were with him in Babylon,
33. And he changed his prison garb, and he ate bread before him* in earnest all the days of his life,
34. And he allowed him to go out* from the presence* of the King of Babylon everyday earnestly until the day he died, [and] all the days of his life.

*NB! chapter 52 was not written by Jeremiah, nor was it written in his lifetime; it was added by scribes of a later period. Jeremiah lived around five, six hundred years before the time of Eashoa (Jesus). This chapter was added to the Book of Jeremiah to show the fulfillment of his prophesies. Verses 1-34 are taken from 2 Kings 24, 18-25, and 30.
*52:1.1 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Zedekiah."
*52:2 Lit. Aramaic name: "Youyayeeqim."
*52:3.1 Lit. Ar. id.: Or: "These things."
*52:3.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Faces."
*52:3.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:3.4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And overthrown Zedekiah the king over Nebuchadnasser king of Babylon."
*52:4.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Power."
*52:4.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Upon."
*52:4.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Unpacked over her."
*52:4.4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Standing castles."
*52:6.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Thickened."
*52:6.2 Lit. Ar. id.: or: "Land."
*52:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "Exile."
*52:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And pursued the power of Chaldeans after the king and recalled him Sidqaiah in the exit of Ireekhu and all his power scattered from him."
*52:9.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:9.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "And he spoke to him of debt." Or: "And he spoke to him [regarding] judgment."
*52:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:11 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of guarding."
*52:12 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lord of the horse riders," or "Chief of the cavalry."
*52:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Great ones," "lords," "princes," or "leaders."
*52:14 Lit. Ar. id.: "Power."
*52:15 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Vineyarders and for work."
*52:17 Lit. Ar. id. (possibly): "A great quantity."
*52:22 Lit. Ar. id.: "Rights."
*52:23.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:23.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Reliefs depicting hunting."
*52:24.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*52:24.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Guards."
*52:25.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Men of war."
*52:25.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Power."
*52:30 NB! Verses 28-30 are not taken from the Book of Kings. Their source is unknown.
*52:31.1 Lit. Aramaic name: "Youayeeqin."
*52:31.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Took him out."
*52:31.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "The house of prisoners."
*52:32 Lit. Ar. id.: "Beautifully."
*52:33 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "Dined with him."
*52:34.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Raised him to exit."
*52:34.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Allowed him to go freely."

The translation of the Book of Jeremiah was completed on March 26th, 2010. Copyright ©2010 Victor N. Alexander

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