1. Thus said the Lord, "Go down to the House of the King of Judea, and there speak of this manifestation,* and say,
2. " 'Listen to the manifestation of the Lord, O King of Judea, who sits on the throne of David, you and your servants and your people who enter through these gates.'"
3. Thus says the Lord, "Do justice and righteousness and deliver the oppressed from he who oppresses him, do not oppress or* cheat the inhabitants, the orphans and the widows, and do not shed innocent blood in this country.
4. "But if you truly follow these instructions,* through these gates there shall enter kings and lords* who shall sit on the throne of David, while riding in chariots and on horses, they and their servants and their people.*
5. "But if you do not listen to this utterance that you swear by me," said the Lord, "this house shall go to ruin."
6. Because thus said the Lord to* the House of Judea's King, "Gilead, you are the top* of Lebanon, except I shall make you into a wilderness like the towns that have been abandoned.
7. "And I shall bring* upon you destroyers, every man with the axe in his hand, and they shall cut down your choicest cedars and cast them into the fire.
8. "And many nations shall pass over this great city, and a man shall say to his friends, 'Why did the Lord do such to this city?'
9. "And they shall respond* 'On account of they abandoned the covenant with their Lord God and worshipped the gods for whom they worked.'*
10. "Do not cry for the dead, do not sorrow over him, [instead] shed the tears* over who goes and returns not, nor ever again see the land where he was born."
11. Because this is what the Lord said regarding Shallum, son of Josiah,* who reigned in place of Josiah his father, who was exiled* from this country, "You shall not return there again,
12. "Except in the country where you are exiled you shall die and this land here you shall not see again."
13. Woe to him who builds his house through unrighteousness and his upper chamber through injustice, making his companion work for him for free without paying him his wages.
14. Who says that I shall build myself houses of [many] measures and extensive upper chambers, he shall open for them [many] windows,* and shade them with cedars, and decorate* them with murals.
15. "You reigned and were overjoyed with cedar? Yet your father ate and drank but performed justice and righteousness, that is why he was rewarded.*
16. "He dealt justly with the innocent [as well as] the evil-doer,* and he did that which was beautiful, whoever does these things knows me," said the Lord.
17. "Your eyes, however, and your heart are concerned with nothing else except on your [personal] gain and on the shedding of innocent blood, on drunkenness and on the oppression [of others.]"
18. Therefore, thus says the Lord regarding Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judea, "Writhe not over him, and do not say, 'Woe, brother!' Woe, brother! And do not writhe over him. 'Woe, Lord! Woe, Lord!;'
19. "Buried with the burial of an ox, they shall drag him and cast him out of the gates of Jerusalem.
20. "They shall go up to Lebanon and revolt, and in Mathnein they shall throw away their keys, then you shall rebel against the seafarers,* who defeated* all your kin.
21. "And I commanded you* through your priesthood but you said you would not listen; this is your way since your youth, that you do not listen to my voice.
22. "For all your* shepherds these are the gates of the spirit, your kind shall be taken captive, and then you shall be ashamed and cover yourself on account of all your evildoings.*
23. "You sit in Lebanon, nested in cedars, how can you sigh as the throes of childbirth and its pangs are upon you?"*
24. "As I live," said the Lord God, "even if Youkinnaya son of Yoweeqm,* king of Judea should be the seal on my hand,* yet I shall uproot you from there,
25. "And deliver into the hands of the men who want your soul;
26. "Into the hands of those of whom you are afraid,* into the hand of Nebuchadnasser, King of Babylon, and into the hands of the Chaldeans.
27. "And you shall be cast out and your mother that bore you to another land in which you were not born and there you shall die.
28. "And to the land to which your souls hope to return, you shall not return.
29. "A deficient and delinquent man, this Youkinnayah* is like a vessel for which no one finds any use -- that is why he shall be lifted out together with his offspring and cast into a land that they know not."
30. Land, O land, O land -- listen to the utterance* of the Lord. Thus said the Lord, "Write this man down as an orator who built nothing, because no man in his Days can produce an offspring that will sit on the throne of David and rule over Judea again."
*22:1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Instruction."
*22:3 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*22:4.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And if you doingly do this utterance."
*22:4.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Princes," or "nobles."
*22:4.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He and his servants and his nation."
*22:6.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Over," or "regarding."
*22:6.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Head."
*22:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Grace over."
*22:9.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Say."
*22:9.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And for whom they worked."
*22:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "Cryingly cry."
*22:11.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Youshieya."
*22:11.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Who exited."
*22:14 Lit. Ar. id.: "Picture them."
*22:15 Lit. Ar. id.: "Graced," or "received grace."
*22:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He judged the judgment of the poor and the eviled."
*22:20.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Crossers."
*22:20.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Broke."
*22:21 NB! All references to "you" and "your" are in the feminine gender, as in reference to a city (which is female in gender in Aramaic grammar.)
*22:22.1 NB! The reference again is to the city and is feminine in gender.
*22:22.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "From your evil."
*22:32 Lit. Ar. id.: "Come against?"
*22:24.1 Lit. Aramaic names retained: "Coniah son of Jehoiakim."
*22:24.2 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "The ring on my finger."
*22:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Fear before them."
*22:29 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Jehoiakim."
*22:30 Lit. Ar. id.: "Instruction," "explanation," or "argument."
Jeremiah Index | Bible Index