Translated by Victor Alexander ©2003 (posted January 2, 2003)
Genesis 331. And Jacob raised his eyes and looked and, behold, Esau was coming, and with him four hundred men, and he divided the children between Leiah and Rachel and the two maidens.
2. And he sent the maidens and their children across first,, then Leiah and her children next, and last he sent Rachel and Joseph.
3. However, he crossed ahead of them, and he worshipped on the ground seven times until he got near to his brother.
4. And Esau ran to meet him on his way and he grabbed him and hugged him,* he kissed him, and they cried.
5. And Esau raised his eyes and saw women and children, and he said, "Where did you get these?" And Jacob said to him, "These are the children that God gave your servant."
6. And the maidens approached them with their children, and they fell at his feet.*
7. And Leiah also approached him with her children, and they fell at his feet. And later, Rachel also approached with Joseph and they fell at his feet.
8. And Esau said to Jacob, "Where did you get all this* that you have accosted me with?" And Jacob said to him, "Because I found mercy in the eyes of my lord."
9. However, Esau said to him, "I have more than enough myself, brother, as much as you have."*
10. Jacob said to him, "If I have found mercy in your eyes, please accept these offerings from my hands, because now I have seen that your face is the face of the angel in my vision. And you can depend on me.
11. "Accept my blessings as endowments that I have brought you because God had mercy on me and because I have everything," and he pressed him until he accepted.
12. Esau said to him, "Let us pick up and leave, and I will go before you."*
13. Jacob said to him, "My lord, you know that the children are small,* and the flocks and the oxen are dependent on me for sustenance, and if I abandon them even one day, all the herds will die.
14. "Let my lord proceed across before his servant, and I will tread gently, according to the pace of the servants ahead of me and the pace of the children, until I arrive to the land that my lord rules."*
15. Esau said to him, "Let me leave you some of my people," and Jacob said, "What can they do for me? I have already found mercy in the eyes of my lord."
16. And on that day Esau returned on his way to Seir.*
17. And Jacob settled* at Succoth, and he built himself a house and for the cattle he set up a tent; that is why the country is called Succoth.*
18. And Jacob came to Shalem, a village of Shechem that is in the land of Canaan, as he came from the Western region of Aram's Peninsula,* and he settled opposite the village.
19. And he bought the plot of a field from the people of Hamor, from the father of Shechem, at a price of one hundred units of their money.
20. And there he pitched his tent and there he built the altar and called Eil* the God of Israel.
*33:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Fell into his embrace."
*33:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "They worshipped," "bowed down," or "prostrated themselves."
*33:8 Lit. Ar. id.: "Encampments."
*33:9 The dynamics of giving, sacrifice and forgiveness are established here.
*33:12 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "I will resume the leadership."
*33:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "The children are children." Or "the children are young."
*33:14 Lit. Aramaic retained: "To the land of Seir." "Sa'ire," or "the land that he ruled."
*33:16 Lit. Aramaic: "To the land that he ruled."
*33:17.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Took."
*33:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Peg down," or "to stake," or "spike," to which they tie animals.
*33:18 Lit. Aramaic name: "Bet Nahrein."
*33:20 Eil. The greatest title of God the Father. It appears in the Old as well as in the New Testament.
Genesis 341. And Dinah, the daughter of Leiah who was born to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
2. And there saw her Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, the master of the land, and he fetched her and slept with her and raped.*
3. And he became obsessed with Dinah,* the daughter of Jacob, and he felt a tenderness for her,* and he used all his wiles to win her heart.*
4. And Shechem said to his father Hamor, "Get me this young girl for a wife."
5. And Jacob heard that they defiled Dinah, his daughter, and his sons were with the cattle in the field, and so Jacob kept quiet until they came back.
6. And Hamor, the father of Shechem, came out to Jacob to speak with him.
7. And the sons of Jacob came from the field, and as they heard [about what had happened,] they were enraged against the man, and they became really mad because of the evil that they did against Israel, as they raped the daughter of Jacob, such as no one had ever done.
8. And Hamor spoke with them and said to them, "Shechem, my son, has set his heart* on your daughter, give her to him for a wife.
9. "Become our in-laws,* give us your girls and take our girls for yourselves.
10. "Be one nation with us and, behold, the land before you, settle down and do business, and be wealthy in it and inherit it."
11. And Shechem said to her father and her brothers, "If I find thus mercy in your eyes, whatever you say I will give it to you.
12. "Raise the dowry, that I must pay as high as you like, and the gifts, and I will give you whatever you tell me -- just give me this little girl for a wife."
13. And the sons of Jacob replied to Shechem and Hamor, his father, and they told him deceitfully* regarding his defiling of Dinah.
14. And they said to him, "We do not know how to proceed in giving our sister to a man who is uncircumcised, because for us that is a violation.
15. "Unless you are willing to adhere to our way and become like us, by circumcising every male like we are circumcised.
16. "Then we will give you our girls and we will take your girls in marriage, and we will settle down with you and be one nation.
17. "And if you do not adhere to our way and become circumcised, we will fetch our daughter and go."
18. And in the eyes of Hamor and Shechem their words sounded beautiful.
19. And the boy did not hesitate to accept circumcision,* because he was completely taken* by Jacob's daughter, and he was the dearest* member of his father's entire household.
20. And there came Hamor and Shechem, his son, to the gate of their town, and they spoke to their townspeople and they told them,
21. "These men came to terms with us;* they well settle in the land and do business here, and this land which is before you is a vast land; we will take their daughters as our women, and we will give them our daughters.
22. "These me will agree to settle with us and become one nation with us, with the understanding that we shall circumcise every male among us just as they are circumcised.
23. "Their furnishings and clothing,* their cattle and all their animals, behold, will be ours, but we must adhere to their ways, and they will settle among us."
24. And there heard it from Shechem and his father Hamor everyone who came out of the door of his house.
25. And on the third day after their hearts were broken, two of Jacob's sons, Simon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, unsheathed their swords and sneaked into town and killed every male person there.
26. They killed Hamor and Shechem, his son, by the edge of the sword,* and they fetched Dinah, their sister, from the house of Shechem and they left.
27. And the sons of Jacob and his men entered upon the slain and they sacked the town, since they had defiled their sister.
28. And they seized their flocks and oxen, and they rounded up their donkeys that were in the town and in the fields, and they seized all their valuables.
29. And they raped and killed their women,* and they sacked everything that was in the town.
30. And Jacob said to Simon and Levi, "I have become a pariah; you have made me look bad among the inhabitants of the land, the Ammorites and the Perizzites. I am small in numbers and they will gather their forces and beat me, and I will be wiped out, together with my household."
31. And they replied, "He treated our sister like a whore."
*34:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Ruled her."
*34:3.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His soul went out after her."
*34:3.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Had mercy for her."
*34:3.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He filled her heart."
*34:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His soul is satisfied."
*34:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Bridegroom with us."
*34:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "By treachery."
*34:19.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "To have done to him the task."
*34:19.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Satisfied."
*34:19.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Most valued."
*34:21 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Are in submission to us."
*34:23 Lit. Ar. id.: "Their coverings."
*34: 26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "By the mouth of the sword."
*34:29 Lit. Ar. id.: "Did evil to them."
Genesis 351.And God said to Jacob, "Rise and go up to Beth-Eil* and settle there and build an altar to Eil that I will reveal to you, as you run away from your brother Esau."
2. And Jacob said to the members of his household and to all who were with him, "Give up the Gods of the foreigners from yourselves; be cleansed and change your garments.
3. "Rise, let us go to Beth-Eil and make an altar to the God who comes in the Clouds of Day of my Tribulation, so He may be with me on the path that I travel."*
4. And they gave to Jacob all the images of the foreign Gods that were on their hands and the sacred carvings* that were on their ears, and Jacob buried them under the chestnut tree of the Shechem people.*
5. And they took up and left off, and there was the fear of God upon the surrounding towns, and they did not pursue Jacob and his sons.
6. So Jacob came to Loz, which is in the land of Canaan, that which is the Beth-Eil -- he and together with all the people with him.
7. And there he built an altar, and he called the country there Beth-Eil, because it was there that God was revealed to him, as he ran away from Esau, his brother.
8. And Deborah, Rebecca's nurse maid, died, and she was buried below Beth-Eil, below the chestnut tree and it was called the Housewife's Chestnut.
9. So again God was revealed to Jacob, as he came from Aram's Peninsula, and He blessed him.
10. And God said to him, "Your name will not be called again Jacob, except your name will be Israel." And he called his name Israel.*
11. And God said to him, "I am* the God Eil Shaddai, Almighty and Infinite; both the people and the body of the nation shall come from you,* and the kings shall come from your seed.*
12. "And the land I swore to Abraham and Isaac, to you I shall give, and to the offspring after you I will give."
13. And God rose above him, in the country that He spoke to him.
14. And Jacob erected a statue in the country where He spoke to him, a stone statue, and he offered the libation over it,* and he anointed it,*
15. And Jacob called the name of the country where God spoke to him "Beth-Eil."
16. And he left Beth-Eil* and again went across the expanse of the country toward the entrance to Ephrat, and Rachel gave birth, but she hemorrhaged badly as she gave birth.
17. And while she was hemorrhaging, the midwife told her, "Fear not, because this one is also a son for you."
18. And as her soul was departing her and she was dying, she called his name, "the son of my travails," and his father called him Benjamin.*
19. And so Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrat, that which became Bethlehem.
20. And Jacob erected a statue over the grave of Rachel, that statue which stands to this day on the Rachel's grave.
21. And Israel left the area and re-pitched his tent at the Migdal-eder.*
22. And while Israel was settled in that land, Reuben went and spent the night with Bilhah, his father's housekeeper, and Israel heard about it. ... And Jacob had twelve sons.
23. The sons of Leiah, the heirs of Jacob were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun.
24. And the sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
25. And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maiden, were Dan and Naphtali.
26. And the sons of Zilpah, Leiah's maiden, were Gad and Asher. These were Jacob's sons, who were born to him in Aram's Peninsula.*
27. And Jacob came to Isaac, his father, to Mamre, the aboriginal town, which is the Hebron in the land of Canaan, where Abraham and Isaac had lived.
28. And the days of Isaac were one hundred and eighty years, and Isaac became ill and died, and he was taken to his people, having lived to a ripe old age,* and he was buried by Esau and Jacob, his sons, at the gravesite that Abraham, his father, had bought.
*35:1 Lit. Aramaic: "House of Eil."
*35:3 Jacob's prophesy regarding the Coming of Jesus Christ and the Day of Salvation.
*35:4.1 Good luck charms.
*35:4.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "... with the Shechem people."
*35:10 Lit. Ar. id. retained: "Henceforth he called himself Israel."
*35:11.1 Lit. Aramaic: "I am I."
*35:11.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction retained: "The people of God and the nations of the world ..."
*35:11.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And the kings will emerge from your back."
*35:14.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Libed the libation," by drinking a little and pouring the rest of the wine over the statue.
*35:14.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bathed over it the anointing."
*35:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lifted off from Beth-Eil," or "he abandoned it."
*35:18 Lit. Aramaic: "Bin-yamin." "Son of my right arm," or, as in the English expression referring to someone as "my right arm."
*35:21 Lit. Aramaic: "The Ziggurat of Eder."
*35:26 Lit. Aramaic: "Padan Aram." Western region of Mesopotamia.
*35:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To old and satisfying age."
Genesis 361. And these are the birth records of Esau, the Esau who was also known as Edom.
2. Esau took his women from the girls of Canaan; he took Adda, daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon the Hivite.
3. And he took Bismeth, the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nevaioth.
4. And Adda gave birth to Eliphaz for Esau. And Bismeth gave birth to Reuel.
5. And Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalan and Qorah. These are the children of Esau that were born to Oholibamah in the land of Canaan.
6. And Esau fetched his women, his sons and his daughter; all the souls in his household, all the animals and all the cattle that he gained in the land of Canaan, and he went to the land that he owned before his brother Jacob came.
7. Because they had too much cattle to settle in one place, and there was not enough sustenance in the land where they lived for all that cattle.
8. So Esau stayed on Mount Seir,* and from Esau came the Edomites.
9. And these are the birth records of Esau, the father of the Edomites on Mount Seir.
10. And these are the names of Esau's people: Eliphaz, the son of Adda, Esau's wife. And Reuel, the son of Bismeth, Esau's wife.
11. And Eliphaz's sons were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.
12. And Teman was the house maid of Eliphaz, son of Esau, and she gave birth to Amalek for Eliphaz -- these were the children of Adda, the wife of Esau.
13. And these were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Bismeth, the wife of Esau.
14. And these are the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anna of Zibeon, the wife of Esau, who gave birth for Esau to Jeush, Jalan and Qorah.
15. And so these were the mighty sons of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, the heir of Esau, the mighty ones, Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz.
16. Qorah, Gatam and Amalek. These were the mighty ones of Eliphaz in the land of Edom. These were the sons of Adda.
17. And these are the sons of Reuel, son of Esau, the mighty ones, Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. They are the mighty ones of the seed of Reuel, in the land of Edom. These are the sons of Bismeth, the wife of Esau.
18. And these are the sons of Oholibamah, the wife of Esau, the mighty ones: Jeush, Jalam and Qorah -- these are the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anna, the wife of Esau.
19. These are the sons of Esau, and these are the mighty ones of them; Esau who became Edom.
20. And these are the people of Seir, the Horites, the settlers in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon and Anah,
21. And Dishon, Ezer and Dishan; these are the mighty ones of the Horites, the sons of Seir, who lived in the land of Edom.
22. And the sons of Lotan were Hori and Heman, and Lotan's sister was Timna.
23. And the sons of Shobal were Alvan, Mahanath, Ebal, Shapir and Oiam.
24. And the sons of Zibeon were Aiah and Anah. He was the Anah who found water in the desert while he pastured his father Zibeon's donkeys.
25. And the children of Anah were Dishon and Oholibamah.
26. And the sons of Dishan were Hamdan, Eshban, Ithran and Cheran.
27. And the sons of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaaran and Akan.
28. And the sons of Dishan were Uz and Aran.
29. And so these were the mighty ones of the Horites: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,
30. Dishon, Ezer and Dishan -- these were the mighty ones of the Horites, according to their greatness in the land of Seir.
31. And these were the kings that ruled in the land of Edom, before any king ruled over the people of Israel.*
32. Bela, son of Boer, became the king of Edom and the name of his town was Deehev.
33. After Bela died, Youwav, son of Zorah, became king from the town of Boussir.
34. And after Yowav died, Husham, from Teman, became kind.
35. And after Husham died, Hadad, son of Bedad, who killed the Midianites in the fields of Moab, became king, and the name of his town was Jaweith.
36. And after Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah, became king.
37. And after Samlah died, Shawul from the river delta became king.
38. And after Shawul died, Baal-Henan, son of Achbor, became king.
39. After Baal-Henana, son of Achbor, died, Hadar became king, and the name of his town was Pau, and the name of his wife was Mehetva-Eil, who was the daughter of Matred, son of Mezahab.
40. And these are the names of the mighty ones of Esau, according to their tribes, according to their birth, according to their fame: the mighty ones Timna, Anwa and Aitith,
41. The mighty ones, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
42. The mighty ones Mzgdiel and Geram -- these were the mighty ones of Edom, where they lived and in the lands that they inhabited -- thus Esau was the father of the Edomites.
*36:8 Lit. Ar. id.: "The mountain that he owned," or "the mountain that he ruled."
*36:31 Thus God's promise was fulfilled that Esau's children would become a mighty nation also, and they did become so before Jacob's children.
Genesis 37-40 | OT index | NT index | E-Mail