Genesis

Translated by Victor Alexander 2002 (posted Nov. 24, 2002)

Genesis 29*

1. And Jacob lifted his legs and went to the land of the Easterners.
2. And he looked and, behold, he saw a well in a field, and there flocked three droves of herds that drank from that well together with their shepherds,* and there was a great stone upon the mouth of the well.
3. And all the flocks and their shepherds gathered there in droves, and the stone on the mouth of the well would be lifted and the herds were given water to drink, and then they laid back the stone on the mouth of the well again.
4. Jacob said to them, "Brethren, where do you hail from?" They told him, "We are from Harran."
5. He said to them, "Do you know Levin, the son of Nahor." They told him, "We know him."
6. He said to them, "Is he well?" They told him, "He is well." And, behold, Rachel, his daughter, came with the flocks.
7. Jacob said to them, "Behold, the sun is risen,* this is not the season to gather the animals -- give the water to the herds to drink and go shepherd them."
8. They told him, "We cannot do it until all the herders and the flocks gather, so as to remove the stone from the well and give the flocks water to drink."
9. And as he was talking to them, Rachel came with her father's flocks, because she was a shepherdess.
10. And as Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of Levin, his mother's brother, and the flocks of Levin, his mother's brother, Jacob hastened* to remove the stone from the mouth of the well, and he watered the flocks of Levin, his mother's brother.
11. Jacob kissed Rachel and cried aloud.
12. And Jacob showed Rachel that he was her father's brother, that he was the son of Rebecca, and she ran off and told* her father.
13. And as Levin heard the news about Jacob, his sister's son, he ran to meet him on the road; he hugged and kissed him and brought him to his house, and all that happened* was related to Levin.
14. Levin said to him, "Truly, you are of my bones and of my flesh;" and he stayed with him a month and some days.*
 
15. And Levin said to Jacob, "Truly, you are my brother, you work for me for free -- tell me what is your recompense?"
16. And Levin had two daughters, the name of the elder one was Leiah and the name of the young one was Rachel.
17. And Leiah's eyes were blue,* and Rachel's appearance was beautiful and she had a supple figure.
18. And Jacob preferred Rachel, so he said, "I will work seven years for your younger daughter Rachel."
19. Levin said to him, "Better that I should give her to you than to another man, only bear with me."*
20. And Jacob worked for Rachel seven years, and in his eyes it was like a short period, because he really felt for her.
21. And Jacob said to Levin, "Give me my wife, for the period has ended -- let me marry her."*
22. And Levin gathered all the people of the land and celebrated with wine.*
23. And as evening came, he fetched Leiah, his daughter, and he brought her to him, and [Jacob] entered upon her.
24. And Levin gave his daughter Leiah her maiden, Zilpah, to be her maid.
25. And as it became daybreak, [Jacob] saw that it was Leiah, and he said to Levin, "What have you done to me? Behold, I worked for Rachel with you, why did you betray me?"
26. And Levin said to him, "It is not the custom in our country to marry off the younger daughter before the elder.
27. "Let this wedding come to an end, and I will give you [Rachel] also, for the work that you will do with me, another seven years."*
28. And Jacob did this, as soon as her wedding was over, he gave him Rachel, his daughter, to be his wife.*
29. And Levin gave his daughter Rachel a maiden, Bilha, to be her maid.
30. And Jacob entered also upon Rachel, and he felt more for Rachel than for Leiah, and he worked with [Levin] another seven years.
 
31. And the Lord saw that Leiah was deinigrated, so He gave her the capacity to bear children* and made Rachel barren.
32. And Leiah became pregnant and gave birth to a son and she called his name Reuben,* saying, "Because God saw my obedience, now my husband has favored me." And she became pregnant again and gave birth to a son, and she said, "Because the Lord heard that I was hated, He gave me this one also, and she called his name Simon.*
33. And she became pregnant again and gave birth to a son, and she said, "This time my husband will be truly mine, because I have given birth to three sons for him, and for this she called his name Levi.*
34. And she became pregnant again and she gave birth to a son, and she said, "This time I will confess the Lord," that is why she called his name Judah,* and she stopped having children.*


*29 The great allegory establishing man's impulsive nature to take matters into his own hands. Jacob sets the precedent for all ages.
*29:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And there three flocks of herds nurtured upon it, because from that well they drank."
*29:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "The Day is standing."
*29:10 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Went near and quickly removed."
*29:11 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And Jacob kissed Rachel and raised his voice and cried."
*29:12 Lit. Ar. id.: "Showed."
*29:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "All these words ..."
*29:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Monthly Days." Most likely, forty days -- an ancient custom.
*29:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Soft."
*29:19 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Sit with me."
*29:21 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Because the days have been concluded and will enter upon her."
*29:22 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Made a drinking [feast.]"
*29:27 This is why Abraham sent the servant to the land of his father to bring a wife for Isaac. He knew the customs of this region of Mesopotamia.
*29:28 Thus adding the sin of bigamy to the list.
*29:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Opened her womb."
*29:32 Lit. Aramaic: "Reu-Eil," or "God-looked-upon."
*29:32 Lit. Aramaic: "Shimmun," or "He heard."
*29:33 Lit. Aramaic: "Lee-wi," or "Granted-to-me."
*29:34.1 Lit. Aramaic: "Yehuda," or "Confessor."
*29:34.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "She rose from childbirth."

Genesis 30

1. And as Rachel saw that she was not able to bring forth children for Jacob, she began to covet her sister's ability, so she said to Jacob, "Give me children and if not, I will die!"
2. And Jacob's anger exploded against Rachel, and he told her, "I cannot take the place of God, who stopped your womb* from bearing fruit."
3. And she told him, "Behold, my maiden Bilha, enter upon her so that I may be blessed with a child and be loved through her."
4. And she gave her maiden Bilha as wife to him, and he entered upon her.
5. And Bilha became pregnant and gave birth to a son for Jacob.
6. And Rachel said, "God owed it to me, He heard my voice too, and He gave me a son," that is why she called him Dan.*
7. And Rachel's maiden Bilha, became pregnant again and she gave birth to another son for Jacob.
8. And Rachel said, "I prayed to the Lord and competed with my sister, and so I have succeeded," and she called his name Naphtali.*
 
9. And Leiah saw that she had stopped giving birth, so she fetched Zilpah and gave her as wife to Jacob.
10. And Leiah's maiden, Zilpah, gave birth to a son for Jacob.
11. And Leiah said, "My turn came again," and she called him Gad.*
12. And her maiden Zilpah gave birth again to a second son for Jacob.
13. And Leiah said, "With my thanks that the girls will thank me," and she called him Asher.*
 
14. And Reuben went out in the days of the wheat harvest and found mandrakes* in the field, and he brought them to Leiah, his mother; and Rachel said to Leiah, "Give me of the blessed mandrakes."*
15. And Leiah told her, "It was not enough that you took away my husband, now you also want my son's mandrakes?" And Rachel said to her, "That is why he will sleep with you at night, it is because of the blessed mandrakes."
16. And Jacob came in from the field in the evening, and Leiah went out to meet him on the way, and she said to him, "Come to me, for I will make it worth your while with my son's mandrakes."* And he slept with her that night.
17. And God heard Leiah and she became pregnant and gave birth to a fifth son for Jacob.
18. And Leiah said, "God has repaid me, as I gave my maiden to my husband," and she called his name Issachar.*
19. And Leiah became pregnant again and gave birth to a sixth son for Jacob.
20. And Leiah said, "God has given me the good fertility,* as my husband came out to me in this season, because I gave birth to six sons for him, and she called the name [of the sixth] Zebolum."
21. And afterwards she gave birth to a girl, and she called her name Dianah.
 
22. And God recalled Rachel, God heard her and opened her womb.
23. And she became pregnant and gave birth to a son, and she said, "God has made my harvest."*
24. And she called his name Joseph,* and she said, "God has added to for me another son."
 
25. And as Rachel gave birth to Joseph, Jacob said to Levin, "Send me so I can go to my country and to my land.
26. "Give me my women and children, through whom I worked for you, and let me go, for you know the work I have done for you."
27. And Levin said to Jacob, "If there is mercy to be found in your eyes for me, you will forget that the Lord has blessed me because of you."
28. And he added, "Choose your recompense from me and take it."
29. Jacob told him, "You know the work that I did for you, and the herds that were with me.
30. "For you had little before I came along and I generated much, and the Lord blessed you because of me. And now what else shall I do for my house?"
31. Levin said to him, "What shall I give you?" Jacob said to him, "You do not have to give me anything, if you allow me these terms of settlement,* I shall return to the land and shepherd the flocks.
32. "Pass along all your herds on this day and choose for me every ram that is white-spotted and streaked and every ram that is completely white, and the white-spotted and streaked goats -- those shall be my recompense.
33. "And my honesty* will attest on my behalf daily, as later you shall recompense me accordingly,* as you will determine that whichever was not white-spotted or streaked of the goats or was completely white would have been stolen."
34. Levin told him, "If it turns out according to your words."
35. And on that day he chose the most vigorous white-spotted and streaked rams and all the goats that were white-spotted and streaked, and all that were partly white and all that were completely white, and he gave them into the hands of his sons.
36. And he set a distance of three days journey between himself and Levin. And Jacob shepherded Levin's flocks, those to which he obligated himself.
 
37. And Jacob took the dry, white shoots of the almond and poplar trees, and he peeled off the bark until he got to the white part, and he stripped off all the bark from the shoots.*
38. And he stuck these in the bark which he had peeled off and placed them in the flow of the water of the watering place, where the herds came to drink opposite other herds, and they would be hot as they came to the drinking troughs.
39. And the [females of the] herd would get in heat as they rubbed against the shoots, and the herd would give birth to white-spotted and streaked rams.
40. And Jacob distinguished between them and placed before the rams the white-spotted and streaked herds, and he gave every solid-colored offspring to Levin, and so he made for himself a special breed,
41. And he did not get them mixed up with Levin's herds.
42. And among the weaker of the herds, he did not place the shoots, so the dark-colored ones went to Levin and the white-colored to Jacob.
43. And the man became very, very wealthy, and he ended up with a lot of herds, servants, maidens and attendants, and also camels and donkeys.


*30:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Belly."
*30:6 Lit. Aramaic: "Owed."
*30: 8 Lit. Aramaic: "Recovered."
*30:11 Lit. Aramaic: "Regain."
*30:13 Lit. Aramaic: "Fortunate."
*30:14 Lit. Aramaic: "Spirit-givers."
*30:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Compensate your compensation."
*30:18 Lit. Aramaic: "He-secures," in the sense of repayment. "Issachar," the origin of the English word "secure."
*30:20.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Fertiled with the good fertility."
*30:20.2 Lit. Aramaic: "Fertilizer."
*30:23 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Increased my harvest."
*30:24 Lit. Aramaic: "Youssip," or "He-increases."
*30:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "You do me the argument that I tell you."
*30:33.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Holiness."
*30:33.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "That later as you will enter upon my compensation before you."
*30:37 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Whitened the white of."
*30:40 Lit. Ar. id.: "Chose among them."

Genesis 31

1. And Jacob heard the words of the sons of Levin, who said, "Jacob took everything that belonged to our father, and it is from our father that he gained all this cattle."
2. And Jacob saw that Levin's side* was not according to what he had said and what they had spoken.
3. And the Lord had said, there recalled Jacob, "Return to the land of your ancestry and birth and I shall be with you."
4. And there sent Jacob for Rachel and Leiah to come to the fields, where the herds were,
5. And he said to them, "I saw your father's demeanor,* and I saw that he was not toward me as he had spoken and as we had agreed on, and that my father's God was with me.
6. "And you know it well* that I worked for your father with all my might,
7. "And that your father cheated me,* and kept changing my recompense for ten years, but God did not let him exploit me ultimately.
8. "If he thus said that the white-spotted are your recompense, all the flocks gave birth to white-spotted offspring, and if he said that the streaked are your recompense, all the flocks gave birth to streaked offspring.
9. "And so God chose from your father's cattle and gave them to me.
10. "And in the season that the flocks were in heat, I raised my eyes and saw, in a dream, and, behold, the potent rams mounted the flocks and produced white-spotted, streaked and mottled offspring.
11. "And the angel of God told me in the dream, 'Jacob!' and I said, 'Behold, it is I.'
12. "And he told me, 'Raise your eyes and see at all potent rams that mounted the flocks, the white-spotted, the streaked and the mottled, for you will see everything that Levin did to you.'
13. "'I am the God of Beth-Eil,"* where you demarked for me a foundation and where you offered me the sacrifice, now then rise and leave this land and return to the land of your birth.'"
14. Then Rachel and Leiah responded and said to him, "We are no longer* beholden to him, nor have we any right of inheritance in the house of our father.
15. "Behold, we regard him like strangers, because he sold us and devoured our money also.
16. "Because all the wealth that God has set aside from our father is ours and our children's, and now whatever the Lord tells you, do it."
17. And so Jacob got up, took his children and women and put them on the camels.
18. And he fetched all the four-legged animals and all his cattle, that he had gained in Aram's land,* to bring to his father, to the land of Canaan.
19. While Levin had gone shearing his sheep, Rachel stole her father's images.
20. And Jacob stole the heart of Levin the Aramaean, for he did not tell him about his leaving.*
21. And he escaped with everything he had, he set off* and crossed the river,* and he headed toward* Mount Gilead.
 
22. And it was told to Levin on the third day, that Jacob has run off.
23. And he fetched his brothers with him and he took off after him on a seven day journey and found him at Mount Gilead.
24. And God came to Levin the Aramaean in a dream of night, and He told him, "Beware that your conversation with Jacob shall not go from good to evil."
25. So Levin found Jacob, as Jacob had struck his tent in the mountain, and Levin had his brothers set up camp in Mount Gilead as well.
26. And Levin said to Jacob, "What did I do to you that you should steal my heart and lead away my daughters like spoils of war?*
27. "Why did you run off secretly and steal away from me unseen? For I would have sent you off with joy and singing, with lyres and tambourines.
28. "You did not let me kiss my sons and daughters, and now you feel ridiculous about what you did.
29. "It was within my power to do you evil,* but the God of your father told me in the evening, 'Beware that your conversation with Jacob should not go from good to evil.'
30. "And so now as you are going to go anyway, because you can no longer resist the pleasure of returning to your father's house, why steal my Gods?"*
31. And Jacob replied and said to Levin, "Because I was afraid and said to myself that you would take your daughters away from me.
32. "If you find [the images of] your God with one of us, they will not remain alive -- I declare them yours before our brothers, whatever I have you can take." For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.
33. And Levin entered Jacob's tent, Leiah's tent and the maiden's tent, and he found nothing, and so he exited from Leiah's tent and entered Rachel's tent.
34. Rachel took the images and placed them in the camel's saddle and sat on them, and Levin searched the whole tent and did not find them.
35.And Rachel said to her father, "Let not my lord be offended by my manner,* for not being able to rise before him, because I am having my period;"* and so he was embarrassed and did not find the images.
36. Jacob was outraged, he fought with Levin and said to him, "What wrong* did I do and what did I rob you of, that you came after me like this?
37. "Behold, you have searched all my belongings,* what did you find that belonged to your household from all my things? Put it up, let my brother and your brothers decide which one of us two is hiding something.
38. "Behold, I have been with you twenty years, neither did I make off with your females and goats, nor did I devour the males of your flocks.
39. "And I did not bring you any lame ones,* and I nurtured them so that they left my hands in good health, for whoever steals in the daytime also steals in the night,
40. "In the daytime I worked until my throat was dry,* and at night the freezing cold -- sleep departed from my eyes.
41. "Behold, I have spent twenty years in your house, I worked fourteen years for your two daughters and six for your flocks -- you cheated* me out of ten years.*
42. "If it were not for the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the submission of Isaac that stood by me, you would have now sent me away empty handed, but God saw my labors and the bounties of my hands, and He thwarted you in the evening."
43. And Levin replied and said to Jacob, "The daughters are my daughters, and the sons are my sons, and the flocks are my flocks, and whatever you see is mine.
44. "And to these daughters of mine, what shall I do to them on this day, or to the children that they have borne? So come now, let us inaugurate a covenant, you and I, to be a witness between you and me."
45. And Jacob took a stone and erected a statue.*
46. So Jacob said to his brethren, "Cut the stones and build a monument with the stones;" and they ate there at the moment.
47. Levin called it "the monument of testimony." And Jacob called it the [monument of] Gilead.
48. And Levin said, "Let this monument be a witness between me and you; that is why it shall be called Gilead.*
49. "And it shall be binding," as he said that the Lord shall observe us both,* "because we are splitting up, a man from his brother.
50. "If you lord it over my daughters and if you take other women over my daughters -- there is no one with us, look -- God will judge* between us."
51. So Levin said to Jacob, "Behold this monument and, behold this statue that you inaugurated between us.
52. "Let this monument and this statue be a testimony that I shall not transgress against you regarding this covenant, and that also you shall not transgress against me regarding this covenant and with what the monument is inscribed.
53. "The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor will judge between us, for He is the God of our ancestors."* And so Jacob swore by the faith* of his father Isaac.
54. And Jacob performed the sacrifice* in the mountain and called his brothers to eat with him,* and they ate the food* and stayed* on the mountain.
55. And Levin rose at dawn and kissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them, and then Levin turned around and went back to his country.


*31:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "The faces of Levin."
*31:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "I saw his faces."
*31:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "You know, you."
*31:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "[Told] lie by me."
*31:13 Lit. Aramaic retained: "The house of Eil."
*31:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "We again don't have."
*31:18 Lit. Aramaic: Western region of Bet-Nahrein of Mesopotamia.
*31:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Show him that he was leaving."
*31:21.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Rose."
*31:21.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Consecrated his face to."
*31:21.3 The river Euphrates.
*31:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Furnishings of the sword."
*31:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "It would have readied my hands."
*31:35.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "See evil in my eyes."
*31:35.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "I'm having the women's way."
*31:36 Lit. Ar. id.: "Foolishness."
*31:37 Lit. Ar. id.: "Vessels," or "clothing."
*31:39 Lit. Ar. id.: "Broken."
*31:40 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "I was consumed by coughing."
*31:41.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Changed [the deal.]"
*31:41.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Seasons."
*31:45 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Raised a standing," or "made a covenant."
*31:48 Lit. Aramaic: "Revealer."
*31:49 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "See between me and you."
*31:50 Lit. Ar. id.: "Will be a witness."
*31:53.1 One God is explicit in this passage. More on this in my Old Testament Commentaries.
*31:53.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "By the submission of his father Isaac."
*31:54.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Sacrificed the sacrifice."
*31:54.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Eat the bread."
*31:54.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bread."
*31.54.4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Housed."

Genesis 32

1. Jacob also went on his way, and there suddenly accosted him the angels of God.
2. And Jacob said, as he saw them, "This must be the abode* of God," and he called the country Mahanaim.*
 
3. So Jacob sent his delegates ahead of himself to Esau, his brother, to the land that he owned, to the field of Edom,
4. And he instructed them and said, "This is what you will say to my lord Esau, 'this is what your servant says,' that I lived with Levin and was delayed until this very day.
5. "And that I have acquired oxen, donkeys and flocks, servants and maidens, and that I am being forthcoming to show my lord, 'so as to find mercy in your eyes.'"
6. And the delegates returned to Jacob and told him, "We went to Esau, your brother, and, behold, he is also coming on your way, along with four hundred men with him."
7. And Jacob succumbed and felt terribly constrained, so he divided the people with him, and the flocks, the oxen and the camels, into two camps.
8. And Jacob said, "If my brother Esau comes upon one camp and destroys it, the encampment that is left behind will survive."
9. So Jacob prayed on his knees, saying, "O, God of my father Abraham, the God of my father Isaac, the Lord who told me to 'return to the land of your parents and your birthplace and I shall bless you.'*
10. "I fall short of all your blessings and all the fidelity that you vouchsafed your servant with, because it was by my staff that I crossed this Jordan river, and now I have been split into two camps.
11. "Deliver me from the hands of Esau, my brother, because I am afraid of him, lest he come and beat me, along with the children.
12. "Yet, it was you who said that I will truly bless you* and make your seed like the sand of the sea, that cannot be counted due to its plentitude."
13. And he stayed there that night and he consecrated from what he had on hand something in the way of tribute to his brother Esau.
14. Of the goats, two hundred females and twenty males;
15. Of the suckling camels and their offspring, thirty; of the cows, forty, and of the oxen, ten; of the beast of burden, twenty females, and ten males.
16. And he gave them in the hand of his servants, each herd by itself,* and he told his servants, "Go across ahead of me and keep a distance between one herd and another."
17. And he instructed the first one and said to him, "When my brother Esau comes to you and asks you, saying, 'Who are you and where are you going and whose are these in front of you?'
18. "Say that they belong to your servant Jacob, a free offering which he sends to 'my lord Esau,' and, behold, he is also coming behind us."
19. And he instructed the second and the third one, and also he told all those others who followed the herds, "Reply likewise to Esau when you encounter him."
20. And you will tell him, "Behold, your servant Jacob is also behind, because he said that 'his anger will subside on account of the offering of tribute that proceeds before me, and later when I see his face, he may receive me with a friendly face.'"*
21. And so the offering of tribute proceeded before him, as he stayed the night in the camp.
22. And he got up while it was still night, and he fetched his two women and his two maidens and his eleven sons, and he took them across to the passage of Jabbok.
23. And he fetched them all, together with everything he had, and he sent them across secretly.
 
24. And Jacob remained alone. And the man wrestled with him until the break of dawn.
25. And he noticed that he could not overpower him, so he attempted to extricate himself from Jacob's clutches, but he could not, for Jacob grabbed him by the foot, as he wrestled with him, and he said to him, "Let me go, for dawn has ascended."*
26. And he said, "I will not let you go unless you bless me."
27. And he asked him, "What is your name," and he told him, "Jacob."
28. He said to him, "Your name will not be Jacob anymore, but Israel, because you proved yourself against the angel and against the man, and you were found to be capable."*
29. And Jacob asked, "Tell me your name!"* And he told him, "Why do you ask about my name?" And he blessed him there.
30. And Jacob called the name of that country P'nuel,* "because I have seen the angel face to face and he has spared my life."*
31. The sun lay on the horizon, and as he crossed the P'nuel, he could barely walk.*
32. That is why the people of Israel do not eat the muscle sinews below the thighs to this day, because of Jacob's clutching of the muscles below the thigh.


*32:2 Lit. Ar. name: "Makha-nim," or: place of encampment or restfulness.
*32:12 Lit. Ar. expression: "Goodly good you."
*32:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Drove, drove by alone."
*32:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "I will see his faces perhaps as he receives by my faces."
*32:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he saw that his strength was not capable, and he neared his hind quarters, and there switched Jacob's hind quarters as he wrestled him...."
*32:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He told him, your name will not be called again Jacob, except Israel, because you have been validated with the angel and with man and you could strength."
*32:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "... and told him, show me your name."
*32:30.1 Lit. Aramaic retained: "Peniel," in English translations. "P'nuel," meaning: "Replies-Eil," God replies, Eil turns His face towards...."
*32:30.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Delivered my soul," or "allowed me to breath."
*32:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He was aware of his legs."

Ch 33-36 | Chs. 25-28 | Chs. 21-24 | Chs. 17-20 | Chs. 13-16 | Chs. 9-12 | Chs. 5-8 | Chs. 1-4 | Genesis Index | Bible Index | E-Mail