Translated by Victor Alexander ©2002 (posted August 18, 2002)
1. And Abraham's progeny increased, as he took a wife, and her
name was Kendorra.
2. And she gave birth to Zmirran, Yaqshan, Maddan, Maddyu,
Ashbaq, and Shookh, for him.*
3. And Yaqshan brought forth Sheba and Dorran, and the
children of Dorran were Ashaddem,* Tasheem and Ameen.
4. And the children of Medan were Appah, Khaprah, Khannukh,
Abbida'a and Ald-da'ah -- all these were the children of Kendorra.
5. However, Abraham gave everything he had to his son Isaac.
6. To the children of his old-age companion, Abraham gave
gifts, and, while still alive, he sent them away from his son Isaac first,
to the land in the East.
7. And the period of years that Abraham lived were one hundred
8. And Abraham became infirm and died in good old age, he had
become old and had a satisfying life, and he had returned to his people.
9. Isaac and Ishmael, his sons, buried him in the cave of
inheritance, in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, which stands
10. The field that Abraham purchased for a burial place, as an
inheritance, from the Hittites -- that is where Abraham and his wife Sarah were
11. And after Abraham died, God blessed Isaac, as Isaac
settled south of the well of Khai-khazzani.*
12. And these are the children born to Ishmael,* the son of
Abraham, those that Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's maiden, gave birth to for
13. And these are the names of the children of Ishmael,
according to their fame and their birth, the male heir of Ishmael, Enveyot,*
Qadar,* Arebal,* and Mabsam.*
14. And Meshama,* Roma,* and Massah,*
15. And Khedar,* Thema,* Nattor,* Napesh,* and Qadem.*
16. These are the children of Ishmael and these are their
names, according to their generations* and their passages, twelve leaders for
17. And these are the years of Ishmael's lifespan, one hundred
and thirty-seven years, and he became ill, died and was buried* with his people.
18. And beginning from Havilah until Shur, before Egypt and
the entry of Ashur, [Ishmael] stayed at all his brothers' territories.
19. And these are the birth records of Isaac, the son of
Abraham; Abraham had brought forth Isaac.
20. And Isaac was about forty when he consecrated Rebecca --
daughter of Bethu-Eil, the Aramaean, from the land of Aram, the sister of Levin,
the Aramaean -- a wife for himself.
21. And Isaac prayed on his knees before the Lord, because his
wife was barren, and the Lord answered his prayer* and Rebecca became pregnant.
22. And as the children pressed against each other inside her
womb, she said, "If this is how it is going to be, what shall I live
for?" And she went to ask the Lord.
23. And the Lord told her, "Two nations are in your
belly,* and two nations will split off from your entrails, and motherland shall
be alienated from motherland, and the greater shall submit to the smaller."
24. And the days of childbirth came to conclusion, and,
behold, there were twins in her belly.
25. And the first one emerged a redhead, with curly hair --
all over his body as well, and his name was called Esau.
26. And after him emerged his brother, holding onto Esau's
heel, and his name was called Jacob.* And Isaac was sixty years old when she gave birth to them.
27. And the children grew up, and Esau became a man, who was
knowledgeable in hunting, a man of the wild, but Jacob became a man of
substance,* who lived in the house.
28. And Isaac leaned toward Esau,* because he shared his
passion for hunting,* but Rebecca favored Jacob.
29. And Jacob cooked the yogurt soup,* and, behold, his
brother Esau came from the field as he was whipping it.*
30. And Esau said to Jacob, "Let me taste some of this
concoction you are cooking, for I am curiously hungry,"* -- that is why he
was called Adom.*
31. Jacob said to him, "Sell me your birthright on this
32. And Esau said in his heart, "I am going to die
anyway, what good is the birthright?"*
33. Jacob said to him, "Swear to me on this day, "
and he swore to him, and so he sold his birthright to Jacob.
34. And Jacob gave [the soup] to Esau to eat, he also gave him
bread and some lentil stew; and so he ate and drank, got up and left. Thus Esau
denigrated his birthright.
*25:2 Interesting names, each with a special meaning,
perhaps significant. The first one is "to sing," the last "to
*25:3 In Western versions, this name ("Ashaddem") is
falsified as "Asshurim." In this way the falsifiers of Scripture could say that the Ashurai
came from the children of Kendorra, when in fact it's
Abraham who came from the great Ashurai nation, because that's where his father
and mother lived and came from. This kind of falsification of Scriptures is
racism at its worst. This trend, to put down the nation that God put on earth to
usher in civilization, continues to this day in the teachings of Western
churches and in television programming, both religious and secular.
*25:11 Or: "Well of Revelation of Eternal Life."
*25:12 Note: the Egypt of the Bible and the Mesopotamia of the
Bible, were before the Arabs came to the region that is called the Holy Lands
*25:13 Meaning of these names: "Prophetic,"
"Considerate," "Conscientious," and "Pleasant."
*25:14 Meaning of these names: "Obedient,"
"Glorifies," and "Capable."
*25:15 Meaning of these names: "Nurturer,"
"Fulfiller," "Protector," "Soul-enhancer," and
*25:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Centuries."
*25:17 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Gathered
*25:21 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Responded to [the
prayer regarding] her."
*25:23 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech:
*25:26. Lit. Ar. name: "Ya'acov,"
*25:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Complete," or
*25:28.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Was merciful to Esau."
*25:28.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "What he hunted
was in his mouth." He shared his taste for hunting, eating game, and the
self-reliance of the hunter.
*25:29.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "Cooked
the soup." Similar to the English expression, "cook up a plot."
This soup, incidentally, is made with yogurt and herbs, still to this considered
a delicacy and medicinal.
*25:29.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech retained:
"Whipping it," or planning the intrigue.
*25:30.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Whipped
*25:30.2 Lit. Ar. name means: "Like-Adam," who couldn't resist the
fruit Eve offered him.
*25:32 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Behold, I am
going to die, what will birthright lead me to?"
1. And there was famine in the land, different from the first
famine that happened in the Days of Abraham, and Isaac went to Abimelech, king
of the Philistines at Gadar.
2. And the Lord appeared to him and told him, "Do not go
down to Egypt, settle in the land that I command you.
3. "Live in this land and I will be with you and bless
you, because to you and to your offspring I give all these kingdoms,* and I
shall uphold the oaths that I made to Abraham.*
4. "And I shall increase your offspring like the stars of
heaven, and I shall give to your offspring all these lands, and all the nations
of the earth shall be blessed through your offspring.
5. "In exchange for Abraham having listened to my voice
and observed my observances, commandments, covenants and Laws."
6. And so Isaac settled in Gadar.
7. And the countrymen asked him about his wife and he said
that she is my sister, because he was afraid to say that she is my wife, lest
the people of that country should kill him, for Rebecca was beautiful to look
8. And as the days went by,* Abimelech, the king of the
Philistines, peeped from his windows and noticed that Isaac was laughing with
his wife Rebecca.
9. And Abimelech called Isaac and said to him, "Behold,
she is your wife, and how is it that you say she is my sister?" Isaac told
him, "Because I said why should I die because of her."
10. And Abimelech said to him, "What is this you did to
us? There was little before one of the people slept with your wife, and the sin
would have befallen all of us."
11. And so Abimelech commanded all the nation, saying,
"Whoever is caught with this man or his wife, will be killed."*
12. And Isaac planted the land an was able to reap a
hundredfold that year, and the Lord blessed him and took care of the man.*
13. And he went on until he was well established.*
14. And he had flocks, herds and oxen and a great many
servants, and the Philistines spoke enviously about him.
15. And all the wells that his father's servants dug up during
the days of Abraham, his father, the Philistines poisoned them and filled them
16. And Abimelech said to Isaac, "Go away from us,
because you must be terribly upset with us."
17. And so Isaac went away from there and settled in the
outskirts* of Gadar.
18. Then Isaac returned and dug up the water wells that his
father's servants had dug up, in the day of Abraham, his father, those that the
Philistines poisoned after Abraham died, and he called their names by the names
his father called them.
19. And Isaac's servants dug in the sand and there they found
the well of the living waters.*
20. And the shepherds of Gadar fought with the shepherds of
Isaac, saying, "These waters are ours!" And the name of the well was
called, "Hard," because they had difficulties over it.
21. And they dug up a new well and they fought over it also,
and its name was called, "Satan."
22. And they left there and they dug up a new well, and this
time they did not fight over it, so they called its name, "Prosper,"
saying that now the Lord shall make us prosper and multiply us on the earth.
23. And from there [Isaac] went up to Beer-Sheba.
24. And the Lord revealed Himself to him in the night, saying,
"It is I, I am the God of Abraham your father, do not succumb, for I am
with you, and I shall bless you and increase your offspring, for the sake of
Abraham, my servant."
25. And he built an altar there, and he called on the name of
the Lord, and it is there that he pitched his tabernacle, and the servants of
Isaac dug up a well there.
26. And Abimelech came to him from Gadar with Akhzuth, his
in-law, and Phicol, the commander of his forces.
27. And Isaac told them, "Why did you come to me, you
hated me and sent me away from you?"
28. And he told him, "We can see before our eyes* that
the Lord is with you, and we said that there should be an oath between us and
you, and that there should be a covenant between us,*
29. "So as evil does not befall us,* whereas we did not
delay you and we did what was beneficial* to you, and we sent you in peace, you,
who are now the blessed of the Lord."
30. And he gave them a farewell dinner, and they ate and
31. And they rose at dawn, and every man made an oath to his
brother,* and Isaac sent them, and they left him in peace.
32. And in that Day, the servants of Isaac came and told him
about the marvel* of the well they had dug up, and they told him, "We have
found the waters."
33. And he called its name "Marvel," that is why the
name of the town is called Beer-Sheba to this day.
34. And Esau was forty when he married* Judith, daughter of
Beeri the Hittite and of Bismeth the daughter of Elon the Hivite.
35. And they pained the soul* of Isaac and Rebecca.
*26:3.1 Lit. Ar. id. retained: "Properties."
*26:3.2 Lit Ar. id.: "Swore."
*26:11 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Killing will be
*26:12 Lit. Ar. expression: "Grew the man."
*26:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he proceeded
to go ahead until he grew good."
*26:17 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Sands."
*26:19 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Fresh water
*26:28.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "In sight we
*26:28.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To stand a
standing with you."
*26:29.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Pass us
*26:29.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Beautiful."
*26:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And swore man to
*26:32 Lit. Ar. expression: "Showed him the
utterance" or the "wonderment."
*26:34 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And Esau was
after forty years and he consecrated the wife."
*26:35 Lit. Ar. id.: "Spirit."
1. And it happened as Isaac got old and his eyesight became
impaired,* he called Esau, his big son and told him, "Son," and he
said, "Behold, it is I."
2. Isaac told him, "Behold, I am old and I know not in
what Day I will die,
3. "Now, put on your garb, pick up your sword and bow,
4. "And go out into the wilderness and hunt the game,*
and cook me a stew, the way that pleases me, and bring it to me to eat, because
my soul will bless you until I am dead."
5. And Rebecca heard as Isaac said it to his son Esau, and
Esau went out to the fields to hunt the game to bring to [his father.]
6. And Rebecca said to Jacob, her son, "Behold, I heard
your father say to your brother Esau,
7. "'Bring me what you have hunted, and prepare for me
the stew, and I shall eat it and bless you before the Lord, before I die.'
8. "And now, my son, listen to my voice, and do what I
command you, go to the flocks,
9. "And bring me three goat kids that are suitable and I
shall cook them as the stew for your father, the way he likes it.
10. "And enter upon your father that he may eat of it and
bless you before the Lord, before his death."
11. And Jacob said to Rebecca, his mother, "Behold, Esau
is a man with hair,
12. "And I am a man without even a beard, should my father touch
me, he will regard me as a frivolous man and instead of blessings I shall
13. And his mother told him, "Let your curses be on me,
my son, just listen to my voice and oblige me."*
14. So Jacob went out and brought [what she requested,] and
his mother prepared the stew the way his father liked it.
15. And Rebecca brought out her great son Esau's favorite
clothes, which she had with her in the house, and she dressed her small son
Jacob in them.
16. And the fur of the young goats she pulled over his hands
on over his beardless face.
17. And she gave the stew that she had prepared to Jacob, her
18. And he went to his father and said, "Father, behold,
it is I," and he said, "Who are you, my son?"
19. And Jacob said to his father, "I am the son who is
your heir, Esau; I did as you commanded me, rise, sit and eat from my hunt, so
as your soul shall bless me."
20. And Isaac said to his son, "What is this that you
have so quickly found, my son?" And he said, "It is by the grace of your
Lord God for me."*
21. And Isaac said to Jacob, his son, "Come close so I
can feel if you are my son Esau or not."
22. And Jacob came close to his father Isaac, and he felt him
and said, "The voice is that of Jacob and the touch is that of the hands of
23. And he did not recognize him, because his hands were hairy
like the hands of Esau, his brother, and he blessed him,
24. And he said, "Are you my son Esau here?" And he
said, "I am him."
25. [Isaac] said to him, "Give me the offering to eat from the hunt of my son, bless
my soul,"* and he offered it to him and he ate, and he brought him wine and he
26. And his father Isaac said to him, "Come near and kiss
me, my son," and he came near and kissed him.
27. And he smelled the scent of his clothes, and he blessed
"Behold, the scent of my son is like the fragrance of the
fields, blessed by the Lord.
28. "May God give you the dews of heaven and the fertile
earth and many arbors and vineyards.
29. "Nations will work for you, and motherlands will
prostate themselves before you,
You will be the head of your brother, and your mother's kin
shall revere you.
Those who curse you, will be cursed, and those who bless you,
will be blessed."
30. "And as Isaac concluded the blessing of Jacob, and
Jacob left his father Isaac, behold there came Esau, his brother, from his
31. And he too prepared the stew and entered upon his father,
and he said to his father, "Let the father rise and eat from the hunt of
his son, as your soul will be blessed through me."*
32. His father Isaac asked him, "Who are you?" And
he answered, "I am that son, your heir, Esau."
33. And Isaac flew into a rage and was truly angry, "Then
who was it that hunted the game and brought it to me, of which I ate just before
you came and I blessed him? And blessed he did became, too!"
34. And as Esau heard his father's words, he wailed in anguish
and great bitterness, and he said to his father, "Bless me also."
35. His father said to him, "Your brother came by treachery and received your blessing."
36. And Esau said, "He was aptly named heel-grabber
(Jacob,) he has maligned me on two occasions, he usurped my heirdom on two
occasions, and now, behold, it is my blessing he receives" So Esau said to
his father, "You left me with no blessings?"
37. Isaac replied and said to Esau, "Behold, you are to
make him your head, and also all his brethren shall provide him servitude, and
like an arbor you shall provide him with shelter and wine at supper. And for you
thus what can I do, my son?"
38. And Esau said to his father, "Are you capable only of
one blessing, father?"*
39. His father replied and said to him,
Behold, in the fertile land you shall settle, and from the
dews of heaven you shall be quenched,
40. "And you will live off your wilderness, and work for
And should you repent, his yoke will be lifted from your
41. And Esau envied Jacob over the blessings of his father,
and said in his heart, "The days of mourning for my father are approaching,
then I will kill my brother Jacob."
42. And the words of Esau, her elder son, were told to
Rebecca, and she sent for Jacob, her little son, calling him to herself, and she
said, "Behold, your brother Esau is planning to kill you.
43. "Now, my son, listen to my voice, rise and go to
Levin, my brother, to Harran,
44. "And settle there for a short period of time,* until
your brother's wrath subsides,
45. "And until your brother's anger against you passes,
and he loses sight of what you did to him and he sends for you from there, so as
I may not lose you both the same day."*
46. And Rebecca said to Isaac, "I am distressed in my
life because* of these Hittite girls, if Jacob takes a wife from the Hittite
girls, like these girls of the world,* why go on living?"*
*27:1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Heavy."
*27:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Hunt the
*27:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Go bring me."
*27:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "That which your
Lord God graced before me."
*27:25 Lit. Ar. expression: "Because my soul will be
*27:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Because your
soul will bless me."
*27:38 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Blessing, one is
she to you, father?"
*27:44 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Small Days."
*27:45 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Miss you by Day
*27:46.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Before."
*27:46.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Girls of the
*27:46.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Wherefore goes
1. So Isaac called Jacob
and blessed him and commanded him, saying, "Do not take a wife from the
daughters of Canaan.
2. "Rise up and go to Aram's
Peninsula,* to the house of Bethu-Eil, your mother's father, and take a wife for
yourself from there, from the daughters of Levin, your mother's brother.
3. "Almighty Eil shall bless you, He shall bless you and increase your
numbers, so as you may become the synagogue for the nations.
4. "And He shall give you the blessings of Abraham, to you and the offspring
with you, and He shall pass on the inheritance of the land where you live, that
God gave to Abraham."
5. And Isaac sent Jacob, and
he went to Aram's Peninsula,* to Levin, the son of Bethu-Eil the Aramaean, the
brother of Rebecca, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
6. And Esau saw that Isaac blessed his brother Jacob
and sent him to Aram's Peninsula, so he would take a wife for himself from
there, that he blessed him and commanded him, saying, "Do not take a wife
from the daughters of the Hittites."
7. He saw also
that Jacob listened to his father and mother and did go to Aram's Peninsula.
8. And Esau saw that the girls of Canaan were evil in the eyes of his father Isaac,
9. So Esau went to the land of Ishmael, the son of Abraham, and chose Bismeth,
daughter of Abraham's son Ishmael, sister of Nevyeuth,* over his other women, to
be his wife.
10. Jacob went out of Beer-Sheba
to go to Harran,
11. And he was struck by the beauty of
the land,* and decided to stay the night there,* because the sun was setting,
and he took a stone from the land and marked his territory,* and he slept on
12. And he saw in his dream, and, behold, a
stairway standing on the ground, with its head reaching to the heavens, and,
behold, the angels of God going up and down on it,
13. And, behold, the Lord stood above it and commanded, "I am He who Is, the
Lord God of Abraham and of your father, and the God of Isaac; the land that you
sleep on, I give to you and to your offspring.
14. "And your offspring shall be like the dust of the earth, and you shall
expand to the East, to the West, to the North and to the South, and all the
generations of the earth shall be blessed through you and your offspring.
15. "And, behold, I am with you and I shall protect you wherever you go and I
shall return you to this land and I shall not leave you until I have done what I
16. And Jacob awoke from his sleep and
said, "Truly, the Lord is present in this land and I did not know it."
17. And Jacob succumbed to a great fear and said, "Why was this country so
terrifying on this day if not for the fact that this must be the house of God,
and this must be the gate to the heavens."
18. And Jacob rose at the break of dawn and placed the stone upon which he had marked
the boundaries of his territory, and he inaugurated it and anointed his head.
19. And Jacob called the name of that country Bet-Eil, even though the country used
to be called Luz before.
20. And Jacob offered an
oblation,* saying, "May God be with me and protect me on this road that I
travel and give me bread to eat and clothes to wear,
21. "And that I may return to the house of my father -- He shall be my Lord
22. "And this stone that I inaugurate shall
become the house of God, and whatever is given to me, I shall offer a tenth to
*28:2 Bet-Nahrein, western region.
*28:5 Bet-Nahrein, or western Mesopotamia.
*28:9 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Prophecy," (in its feminine declension.)
*28:11.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Struck by the country."
*28:11.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Housed there."
*28:11.3 Lit. Ar. figure of speech: "Consecrated its borders."
*28:20 Lit. Ar. id.: "Oblate the oblation."
*28:22 Lit. Ar. id.: "Tithe the tithe."
Chs. 29-32 | Chs. 21-24 | Chs. 17-20 | Chs.
13-16 | Chs. 9-12 | Chs.
5-8 | Chs. 1-4 | Genesis
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