Translated by Victor Alexander 2002 (posted June 10, 2002)

Genesis 21

1. And the Lord recalled Sarah to the extent that He had promised.* And the Lord did for Sarah as He had spoken.
2. And Sarah became pregnant, so as to give birth to a son for Abraham in his old age, in the season that God promised her.*
3. And Abraham called the name of his son that she gave birth to, the one Sarah gave birth to, Isaac.
4. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac after eight days, as God had instructed him.
5. And Abraham was a hundred years at the time Isaac was born to him.
6. And Sarah said, "God has given me a great joy on this day, whoever hears of it will be happy for me."
7. And she said, "Who would have told Abraham that Sarah could nurse children, that she would give birth to a son for his old age?"
8. And the baby grew and was delivered, and Abraham celebrated with wine on the day of Isaac's birth.
9. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, that she gave birth to for Abraham, laughing at them.
10. And she told Abraham, "Throw out this maiden and her son, because the son of the maiden shall not inherit this together with my son Isaac."
11. And this reaction really upset Abraham, being uttered regarding his son.
12. And God said to Abraham, "Do not allow the boy and your maiden to be denigrated in your eyes; however, listen to Sarah's voice as to whatever she tells you, because it is through Isaac that your seed will be known.*
13. "And also the son of the maiden I shall make him into a great nation, because he is your offspring."
14. And there rose Abraham in the morning and he consecrated the bread and a container of water and gave them to Hagar, and he consecrated it on her shoulder and the child, and he sent her on,* and she lost her way in the wilderness of Bar-Sheba.
15. The water ran dry and she threw the child under some brush.
16. She went and sat on the opposite side, distancing herself almost as far as a bowshot, for she said to herself, "I do not want to see the boy's death." And she sat facing him and cast her voice and cried out loud.
17. And God heard the voice of the child, and the angel of God called on Hagar from heaven, saying to her, "What is with you, Hagar? Do not succumb, because God has heard the voice of the boy and was moved by it.
18. "Rise, take the boy and hold on to him,* for I will make him a great nation."
19. And God opened her eyes and she saw a water hole, so she went and filled the container with water and gave the child to drink.
20. And God was with the boy always, and he grew up and settled in the wilderness of Paran, where he learned bowmanship.
21. And his mother consecrated for him a girl from Egypt.
22. And there happened in that season that Abimelech and Phicol, his chief commander, said to Abraham, "God is with you in whatever you do.
23. "Now, swear to me by God, therefore, that you will not lie about me, my kin or my tribe, and like the goodness that I performed toward you, you shall also do to me and to the land in which you reside."
24. And Abraham said, "I swear!"
25. Then Abraham brought up the matter of the water well that his servants had dug up,* and which the servants of Abimelech had seized.
26. And Abimelech said, "I do not know who took this action against you;* neither did you show it to me yourself, nor did I hear of it till this day."
27. Abraham then fetched flocks and oxen and gave them to Abimelech, and they both made a covenant.*
28. And Abraham set aside seven lambs by themselves.
29. And Abimelech said to Abraham, "What are these seven lambs for that you have put up by themselves?"
30. And he said, "The seven lambs that you will receive from my hands are so they will be a testimony that I dug up this well here."
31. That is why that land* is called Beer-sheba, because it is there that they both swore an oath.
32. And so they made a covenant at Beer-sheba, and there rose Abimelech and Phicah, his chief commander, and returned to the land of the Philistines.
33. And Abraham sowed a field at Beer-sheba. And then he called on the name of the Lord, the God of all the universe.
34. And Abraham lived in the land of the Philistines a long period of time.*

*21:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Spoken."
*21:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "In the season God spoke to her."
*21:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "By Isaac will be called your seed."
*21:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And she went."
*21:18 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Grasp him by the hand."
*21:25 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And reproached Abraham to Abimelech over the utterance of the water well that Abraham's servants dug and which they took the servants of Abimelech."
*21:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Responded thus."
*21:27 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Stood the stand."
*21:31 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Country."
*21:34 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Many ages."

Genesis 22

1. And it happened after these incidents that God tested Abraham and said to him, "Behold, it is I."
2. And He commanded him, "Fetch your only precious son Isaac,* and go to the land of the Amorites and take him up there in the highlands to one of the mountains that I will tell you."
3. And there rose Abraham in the morning, saddled his donkey and fetched two of his youth and his son Isaac, and he split the wood for the hills and he rose and went to the country that God had commanded him.
4. And on the third Day, Abraham raised his eyes and gazed upon the country from afar.
5. And he said to his youth, "Remain here with the donkey and the boy and I will go there to worship and then return."
6. And Abraham took up the wood to the mountain and he commanded his son Isaac, and he took up the torch and the knife in his hand, and the two of them walked off as one.
7. And Isaac said to Abraham, his father, he said, "Father." And [Abraham] said, "Behold, here I am, my son." And [Isaac] said, "Behold, the fire and the wood. but where is the ram for the mountain?"
8. And Abraham said, "God shall send down the ram to the mountain, my son," and they both walked as one.
9. And they came to the country that God told them to. There Abraham built an altar and arranged the firewood, and he contemplated his son Isaac, and he consecrated him on the altar, above the firewood.
10. And Abraham extended his hand and took up the knife to slay his son.
11. And the angel of God called him from heaven and told him, "Abraham, Abraham," and he said, "Here I am."*
12. And he told him, "Do not extend your hand to the boy and do not transgress against him in any way, because now you have declared your submission to God,* that you shall not cut off your only son from me."
13. And Abraham raised his eyes and saw, and, behold, a sacrificial ram* with plaids of thorns on his horns, standing alone. And Abraham went and took the ram up the mountain in place of his son.
14. And Abraham called the name of the land* "The Lord Will Provide."* And even today the name of this mountain is,* "The Lord Will Provide."
15. And there called the angel of God in the second season from heaven, saying,
16. "As you have sworn allegiance* to none other than me, in response to your obedience,* as you did not cut off your only son from me.
17. "I shall truly bless and significantly multiply* your offspring like the stars of heaven and the sand of the seashore, and your seed shall inherit the countries of your enemies.
18. "And they will be blessed through your offspring all the nations of the earth, for the sake of listening to my voice."
19. Abraham returned to his young ones and they got up and went to Beer-Sheba as one, and there settled Abraham at Beer-Sheba.
20. And after these events, it was revealed to Abraham and they told him, "Behold, Milcah has also given birth to children to your brother Nahor,
21. "Uz, his first-born, and Buz, his brother, Kemuel, the father of Aram,
22. "Chesed, Haze, Pildash, Jiddap and Bethuel.*
23. "And to Bethel was born Rebecca -- they were eight children that Milcah gave birth to, for Nahor, the brother of Abraham.
24. "And his sister's name, who lived with him,* was Roma, and to her [and her husband,] also were born [several] children.

*22:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Your only son that you are merciful to."
*22:11 Lit. Ar. expression: "Behold, it is I."
*22:12 Lit. Ar. expression: "That you are subject to God."
*22:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Male."
*22:14.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Country."
*22:14.2 Lit. Aramaic: "Mar-ya nikh-zeh," or "Yahweh y'ayer," (English transliteration, "Jehovah jireh."
*22:14.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "It is said of this mountain."
*22:16.1 Lit. Ar. expression: "You swear by me," or "your reliance is on me."
*22:16.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "On behalf of your works here."
*22:21-22 Lit. Aramaic: As always, none of the names sound the same in the original language, but they appear to have little significance at this point in the translation.
*22:24 Lit. Ar. id.: Indication of extended family. In other translations, Roma is referred to as a concubine, implying a polygamous society, which they were not.

Genesis 23

1. And the life of Sarah was one hundred and twenty-seven years, the years that Sarah lived.
2. And Sarah died in the town of the aborigines* which is the Hebron in the land of Canaan, and there came Abraham to lament Sarah and weep over her.
3. Then Abraham rose from the gravesite* and spoke to the Hittites,* and he told them,
4. "I am a resident and a settler among you, give me the right of inheritance to a gravesite among you, where I may bury my dead in the future."*
5. And the Hittites replied and said to Abraham,
6. "We have heard, our lord, you are a great one of God; bury your dead beside our graveyards, no one from us will begrudge you a burial place to bury your dead."
7. And Abraham rose up and worshipped the people of the land, the Hittites, and he spoke to them and told them,
8. "If you yourselves are willing to let me bury my dead here in the future, listen to me, entreat Ephron, son of Zohar,
9. "That he should give me the deed to the cave which is behind his field, for a price acceptable to him,* he should give it to me, between us, as an inheritance for a burial place."
10. And Ephron was sitting with the Hittites, and there replied Ephron, the Hittite, and said to Abraham, "Before the Hittite sons and before all the families in their homes."
11. And he said, "No, my lord, listen to me, I am giving you the field, and the inheritance in it as well, before my own people, I have given it to you to bury your dead."
12. Again Abraham worshipped before the people of the land,
13. And he said to Ephron before all the people of the land, "If you wish, listen to me, let me pay you the price of the field in coin, take it from me, and let me bury my dead in it."
14. And Ephron replied and said to Abraham,
15. "My lord, listen to me, the land is four hundred measures of coin, between us what is that? Bury your dead."
16. And Abraham heard Ephron, that Abraham should weigh for Ephron the currency that was spoken of before the Hittites, four hundred measures of coin that is appropriate for trade.
17. And he took over* the field of Ephron by the cave facing* Mamre, a field of inheritance, and the inheritance therein, and all the trees in the field of the district that surrounded it,
18. As they were sold to Abraham before the Hittites, and all those who stood in the doorway of their homes.
19. And afterwards, Abraham buried his wife Sarah, in the field deeded to him, where the cave faced Mamre, that being the Hebron in the land of Canaan.
20. And there stood the field of inheritance, with the inheritance in it, for Abraham a place of burial, deeded to Abraham by the Hittites.

*23:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Aboriginal man," Neanderthals, etc.
*23:3.1 Lit. Ar. expression: "From his dead."
*23:3.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Children of the Hittites."
*23:4 Lit. Ar. expression: "From before me."
*23:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Currency of peace."
*23:17.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Established."
*23:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Before."

Genesis 24

1. And Abraham was old and advanced in age,* and the Lord had blessed Abraham with everything.
2. And Abraham called his servant, who took care of him in his old age and had authority over everything in his house, and he told him, "Put your hand under my back [and raise me,]
3. "And swear to me by the Lord God of heaven and the God of the earth that you will not bring a wife for my son from the Canaanites, among whom I am settled,
4. "Except you will go to my land and the place of my birth and bring a wife for my own son Isaac."
5. And the servant said to him, "And if the wife does not wish to come to this land, shall I come back and return with your son to the land from which you came?"
6. And Abraham told him, "Take heed that you do not take my son back there.
7. "The Lord God of heaven who fetched me from there, from the house of my father and from the land of my birth, He gave me the commandment and the covenant, 'To your offspring I shall give this land, I shall send my angel before him,' and that I would bring a wife for my son from there.
8. "And if the wife is not willing to come back with you, be faithful to this oath of mine,* just do not take my son back there."
9. And as the servant placed his hand behind Abraham's back, his lord, he swore to him to carry out this mission.*
10. And the servant fetched ten camels from his lord's camels and gemstone rings from his lord's hand, and he rose and went to Bet-Nahrein,* to the house of Nahor.
11. And he made his camels kneel outside the village, by the well in the evening, at the time when [the girls] go out to draw the water.
12. And he went down on his knees and prayed, saying, "Lord, God of my lord Abraham, bless* this day before me, let your grace be with my lord Abraham.
13. "Behold, I stand at the water well and the daughters of the village folk are about to come, draw water.
14. "And the young girl who says, 'Let me take up the bucket so that you may drink,' and she tells me, 'drink and let also your camels drink,' she is the one whom your son Isaac is to be graced with, and by this I know that you shall be truly graceful to my lord."
15. And before he finished speaking, behold, Rebecca -- who was born to Betu-Eil, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, the brother of Abraham -- came out, and [behold] the drawing bucket on her shoulder.
16. She was a beautiful girl to look at indeed, a virgin who had known no husband, and she went down to the well, filled her bucket and went up.
17. And the servant ran to meet her on the way, and he said to her, "Give me some water to drink from your bucket."
18. And she said, "Drink, my lord," and she quickly lowered the bucket to her hands and gave him water to drink.
19. And when he was satisfied from drinking, she said, "I will fill the water for all your camels also until they stop drinking."
20. And she rushed, tossed the water in her bucket into the trough and ran again to the well to draw more water, and she drew water for all his camels.
21. And as the man drank and scrutinized her, he thought very hard* to figure out if the Lord had indeed set his course or not.
22. And as the camels finished drinking, the servant consecrated on her finger the engagement ring,* weighing an ounce,*
23. And he said to her, "Whose daughter are you? Show me, if the house of your father is in a country where we may settle?"**
24. And she told him, "I am the daughter of Betu-Eil, to whom Milcah gave birth for Nahor."
25. And she told him, "We also have hay and much food for the belly, and also a country for you to settle in."
26. And the man blessed the land and worshipped the Lord,
27. And he said, "Blessed is the Lord, the God of my lord Abraham, who did not withhold his grace and bounty from my lord, except He guided me to the road that led to the house of my lord's brother, to consecrate the daughter of his brother for his son.
28. And the young girl ran and told the household of her father what had transpired.*
29. And Rebecca had a brother and his name was Levin,* and Levin ran to the man who was nearby the well.
30. As he had seen the engagement rings and the bracelets on the hands of his sister, and as he heard the words of his sister Rebecca, who had told him, "This is what the man said," and he came up to the man and, behold, there he stood by the camels at the well.
31. And he said to him, "Enter, you blessed of the Lord, why are you standing in the street?
32. "I shall accommodate you in the house and make a place for the camels."
33. And the food was placed before them to eat, but he said, "I will not eat before I have had my say,* and so they said to him, "Speak."*
34. And he said, "I am the servant of Abraham."
35. "The Lord provided my lord well and gave him flocks, herds, silver, gold, servants, maidens, herders, camels and donkeys.
36. "And his wife Sarah gave birth to a son for my lord after he got old, and he gave him everything he had.
37. "And my lord made me swear, telling me, 'Do not bring a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites on whose lands I sit.
38. "Except go to the house of my father and my tribe, and bring a girl from there.'
39. "And I said to my lord, 'And what if the wife did not wish to come with me?'
40. "And my lord told me that the Lord whom you always serve,* He will send his angel with you to furnish your way, and you will bring a wife for my son from my tribe and from the house of my father.
41. "You will then be absolved from my oaths, as you go to my tribe and if they should not give you [the girl,] you shall be absolved from my oaths.
42. "And on that day when you arrive at the well, you shall say, 'Lord, God of my lord Abraham, if you will [only] furnish this way upon which I embark!
43. " 'And, behold, as I stand at the water well, let there come a young girl to draw water, so I will say to her, Give me a little water from your bucket.
44. " 'And she will say to me, Drink yourself and for your camels I shall also draw water,' she will be the girl by whose grace my Lord gives to my lord's son.
45. "And before I finished speaking within my heart, behold, there came Rebecca with the bucket on her shoulder, she went down to the watering hole and filled [the bucket with water,] and gave him to drink and I told her to give me a little water to drink from your bucket.*
46. "And she rushed, taking the bucket with her and she said to me, drink and let your camels drink too, and I drank and so did my camels.
47. "And I asked her and said, 'Whose daughter are you?' And she said, 'I am the daughter of Betu-Eil, the son of Nahor, whom Milcah gave birth to, and I cast the bracelets on her hands and the engagement rings on her fingers, then I sat down and rested in the Lord.*
48. "And I blessed the God of my lord Abraham, who set me on the right path to the house of my lord's brother, to bring the daughter of his brother for his son.
49. "And now if you shall do the right thing with my lord, show me, and if not show me whether I shall turn to the right or the left."
50. And there replied Levin and Betu-Eil, saying, "This manifestation came about from the Lord, we cannot tell you good or bad.
51. "Behold, here stands Rebecca before you, fetch her and go; she will be a wife to your lord's son, as the Lord has commanded."
52. And as Abraham's servant heard their words, he worshipped on the ground before the Lord.
53. And the servant took out vessels of gold and vessels of silver, and dresses, and he gave them to Rebecca, and [he gave] gifts to her brothers and mother.
54. And they ate and they drank and that man with them, and their entire household, and he rose at dawn and said to them, "Send me off to my lord."
55. And her brothers and mother told him, "Let the young girl stay with us for the remaining days of the month and then she can go."
56. And he said to them, "Do not make me late, so as the Lord may pave my way, let me go, send me to my lord."
57. And they said, "We will call the young girl and we will ask her, from her own mouth."
58. And they called Rebecca and said to her, "Will you go with this man?" And she said, "I will go."
59. And they blessed Rebecca, their sister, and her suck,* and the servant of Abraham, and the manhood he represented.*
60. And so they blessed their sister Rebecca, saying to her, "O, sister of ours, may you be the mother of thousands and millions, and may your offspring inherit the land of their enemies."
61. And there rose Rebecca in her youth,* and she sat on the camels, and she went after the man,* and so the servant did fetch Rebecca and proceeded on his way.
62. And Isaac was on his way from the "Well of God Provides," were he was settled in the South.
63. Isaac was out walking about his field in the evening, and he raised his eyes and saw, and there, behold, the camels approaching.
64. And Rebecca cast her eyes* and saw Isaac, and she recognized him from atop the camel.
65. And she said to the servant, "Who is this man coming down the field to meet us on the way?" And the servant said, "This is my lord." And she took the veil and covered her head.
66. And the servant described to Isaac all the events that occurred.
67. And Isaac took her into his mother Sarah's house, and he consecrated Rebecca and she became for him a wife and a friend, and she loved Isaac as his own mother.

*24:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Entered upon years."
*24:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Be holy from my oaths this."
*24:9 Lit. Ar. id.: "Event."
*24:10 Lit. Aramaic: "Aram's rivers," or "Mesopotamia" from the Greek.
*24:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "Frowned."
*24:22.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He gave her the gold of consecration."
*24:22.2 Lit. Ar. id.: The standard measure or unit of weight.
*24:23.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Show me if we have a country in the house of your father for us to settle."
*24:23.2 Emphasizing the theme that the Children of Passage have no country, except for the land that the Lord provides for them, according to His Covenant.
*24:28 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Showed ... these words."
*24:29 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Laban," with a soft "b."
*24:33 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And it was consecrated before them to eat, and he said, I will not eat until I say my words; they told him, say."
*24:40 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Were foot servant before."
*24:47 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Leaned back against the Lord."
*24:59.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: A blessing to her mother's milk.
*24:59.2 A reference to Isaac.
*24:61.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression retained: "Rebecca, the young girl."
*24:61.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech retained: "... went after her husband."
*24:64 Lit. Ar. expression: "Gazed out."

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