Genesis

Translated by Victor Alexander 2002 (posted Feb. 8, 2002)

Genesis 13

1. And Abram went out of Egypt,* he and his wife and everything he had, and Lot with him,  [and headed] South.
2. And Abram got very wealthy with flocks, silver and gold.
3. And he took up his settlements from the South up to Beth-Eil,
4. Up to the country where he pitched his tent in the times of old, between Beth-Eil and Beth-Ai, to the country where he first built the altar. And there Abram called on the name of the Lord.
 
5. And also Lot who went with Abram, had flocks and bulls and plenty of good tents.
6. And the land was not sufficient for both of them to inhabit together, because their flocks could not be separated and so they could not stay together.
7. And there was talk between the shepherds of Abram and those of Lot, and [besides] the Canaanites and the Perizzites were still inhabiting the land.
8. And Abram said to Lot, "There should not be talk between you and me, between my shepherding and your shepherding, for we men are brothers.
9. "Behold all the land before you, split up from me; if you choose right, I'll choose left and if you choose left, I'll choose right."*
10. And Lot raised his eyes and gazed at all the land of the Jordan river and he saw that there were streams everywhere, this was before God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, it was like Gods paradise and like the land of Egypt at the entrance of Saen.
11. And Lot took for himself all the land of the Jordan river, and so Lot went Eastward and split off as a man from his brother.
12. Abram settled in the land of Canaan and Lot settled in the tent villages, stretching up to Sodom.
13. The men of Sodom were wicked and bad sinners before the Lord.
 
14. And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot split up with him, "Raise your eyes and look at the land you are in, to the West and the South, to the East and the North.
15. "Because all the land that you see I give to you and your offspring to the end of time.*
16. "And I shall make your seed like the sand on the earth, that if you can count the sand on the earth, then you can also count your offspring.
17. "Rise and wander in the land to the extent of its length and its width, for I have given it to you."
18. And Abram came, entered and settled, among the chestnut trees of Mamre of the Amorites, who lived in Hebron, and there he built an altar to the Lord.
*13:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Went up ... from Egypt."
*13:9 Note, Abraham acted unselfishly and allowed God's will over his will. (More...)
*13:15 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To [the end of] the universe."

Genesis 14

1. And it happened during the days of king Amraphel of Sumer, king Arioch of Delasar, king Chedorlaomer of Elam and king Ter-eil of Goiim,*
2. That [these kings] made war with king Bera of Sodom, king Birsha of Gomorrah, king Shinab of Admah, king Shemeber of Zaboiim, and king Bala of Zoar.
3. All of them gathered in the basin of Sodom, in that sea of salt.
4. For twelve years they were under the command of Chedorlaomer and in the thirteenth year they were mustered.
5. And in the fourteenth year, there came Chedorlaomer and the kings with him and struck the giants in the outlying villages of Qornaim and its inhabitants, the village districts of Showa,
6. And he conquered the Hurrians of the mountain, up to the chestnut tree of Parran in the wilderness,
7. And they turned back and came to Ein-Deyna,* that is Kadesh, and they fought all the chiefs of the Amalakites and also the Amorites who had settled in Ein-Gad.*
8. And there went out the kings of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah and the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela and of Zoar, all of them made war in the basin of Sodom,
9.  With Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of the Goiim, Amraphael king of Sumer and Arioch king of Delassar -- four kings against five.
10. And the basin of Sodom was inundated with tar pits.* And the king of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah fled and fell there.* And those who [were spared] fled to the mountain.
11. And they carried off all the flocks of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food, and they went.
12. And they fetched Lot, the brother of Abram, and all his flocks, and went with them, as he had settled in Sodom.
 
13. And there came those who escaped and saw Abram the Hebrew, as he was encamped by the Chestnut of Mamre, the Amorite, the brother of Aner and Eshcol, who were the allies of Abram.*
14. And Abram heard that his brother Lot was taken hostage, and he armed three hundred young boys of his house and took off after them up to Dan.
15. He split off his forces and attacked* them in the night, he and his forces, and he defeated them and drove them out as far as Hoba, which is on the left side of Damascus.
16. And he returned with all the flocks and also with Lot and all his flocks and also the women and the people.
 
17. And the king of Sodom went out to greet him after he returned, as he had fought Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, in the consecrated* valley, that valley of kings.
18. And the righteous king,* the king of peace, brought out bread and wine, as he was the king priest* of the God Most High.
19. And he blessed him and said,
"Blessed be Abram by the God Most High, the ruler of heaven and earth.
20. "And blessed be that Most High God, who delivered your enemies into your hands, who is given tithes by everyone."
21. And the king of Sodom said to Abram, "Give me the souls and the flocks that you wish."
22. And Abram said to the king of Sodom, "I raise my hand to God Most High, whose flocks are the heavens and the earth,
23. "Lest I take something, whether it be a thread or the sole of the sandal from anything that belongs to you, so you will not say that I've made Abram rich.
24. "Excluding what my boys ate and the favors returned to the men that went with me -- Aner, Eshcol and Mamre -- their favors shall be returned according to what they decide."

*14:1 Lit. Aramaic name: "Gillayeh." Most of the names, as the names in the following verses, are transliterated poorly in English. It's a challenge to try and find the true reading of these names and compare them to the cuneiform tablets of that period. It's outside the scope of this project and not essential to an understanding of the story of this segment of Scriptures.
*14:7.1 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Eumishpat."
*14:7.2 Lit. Aramaic name retained: "Hazazon-tamar."
*14:10.1 Lit. Aramaic figure of speech: "Pits, pits of tar."
*14:10.2 Lit. Aramaic idiomatic expression retained: "Were defeated there."
*14:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Husbands of Abram's stance."
*14:15 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "He divided against them."
*14:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Paved," or "laid out."
*14:18.1 Lit. Ar. name: "Melchizedek." Whoever among the kings that did the will of God. First mention of "righteous king" in Scriptures.
*14:18.2 First mention of "the king priest" in Scriptures.

Genesis 15

1. After these replies there came the reply of the Lord in a vision, and He told him, "Do not succumb, Abram, I am your Restorer, your compensation shall be great indeed."
2. And Abram said, "Lord God, what will you give me? Here I go childless and Eliezer of Damascus after I leave my home shall inherit everything."
3. And Abram added, "Behold, you did not give me a son, so as he may inherit my house after me."
4. And the Lord said to him, "He will not be the one who inherits, except it will be your own son, the offspring from your own seed* who shall inherit [your house.]"
5. And He took him outside and said to him, "Look at the sky and count the stars, if you can count them." and He told him, "This is how your offspring will be."
6. And Abram believed in God and it rendered him righteous.
 
7. And He said to him, "I am the God* who sent you out of Ur of the Chaldees, so as to give you this to inherit."
8. And Abram said, "Lord God, by what sign will I know that I have inherited it?"
9. And He told him, "Take for yourself a virgin calf, a virgin ram, a virgin goat, a pigeon and a dove."
10. And he took all of these and he divided them equally, and he set each member opposite its companion, but the birds he did not divide.
11. And the bird descended on the bodies and Abram waved it away.
12. The sun set in the West and a calm fell upon Abram and, behold, a feeling of submission and a great darkness came upon him.
13. And He said to Abram, "Know this well,* that your offspring will reside in the land that is not their own, and they shall humiliate them for four hundred years.*
14. "And also the nation that humiliates them I will judge, and [your offspring] will later exit with great flocks.
15. "But you shall live contently with your ancestors in peace and shall be buried with the grace of old age.
16. "And after four centuries, they will return here, because they will not yet have given up the pleasures of the Amorites."
17. The sun was to the West and it was murky, and suddenly there was an oven that smoked and a torch of fire passed in-between, lashing at the two halves.
18. On that day, the Lord inaugurated His covenant* and He told him, "To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt up to the great river, the river Euphrates,
19. "And to the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,
20. "The Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim,
21. "The Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites and the Jebusites."*
*15:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Your son who emerges from your back."
*15:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "I am the I am."
*15:13.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Knowingly know."
*15:13.2 Note. The preparation of the nation of believers, who will come to understand the suffering of Christ. They will be humiliated by the World, by its power and wealth. The Jews will then go on to preach the Gospel to all the nations. Their four hundred years of trial will be echoed by the Forty Days of Jesus in the Wilderness.
*15:18 Lit. Ar. id.: "Stand."
*15:21 Most of these names will have to be deciphered later in my research, hopefully, using cuneiform tablets.

Genesis 16

1. And Sarai, Abram's wife, did not bear children, and she had an Egyptian maiden whose name was Hagar.
2. And Sarai said to Abram, "Behold, the Lord has stopped me from conceiving, enter upon my maiden, perhaps she will conceive." And Abram listened to Sarai's voice.
3. And Sarai, the wife of Abram, fetched Hagar, her Egyptian maiden, ten years after Abram settled in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abram, her husband, as a wife.
4. And he entered upon Hagar so she would get pregnant, and as she saw that she had become pregnant, her mistress became denigrated in her eyes.*
5. And Sarai said to Abram, "I tricked you, I placed my maiden in your embrace, and as she saw that she became pregnant, I became denigrated in her eyes; the Lord will judge our motives."*
6. And Abram said to Sarai his wife, "Behold, your maiden is under your authority,* do to her what is appropriate* in your eyes;" and Sarai, her mistress, berated her, and she ran away from her.*
7. And the angel of the Lord found her at the water well, in the wilderness, on the road to Gaddar.
8. And he said to her, "Hagar, maiden of Sarai, where are you coming from and where are you going to?" And she said, "From my mistress Sarai, I am running away."
9. And the angel of the Lord said to her, "Return to your mistress and submit yourself into her hands."
10. And the angel of the Lord said to her, "Your offspring will increase in number and they will be beyond counting."*
11. And the angel of the Lord told her, "Behold, you are with child and shall give birth to a son, and you shall call his name Ishmael, because the Lord has heard of your obedience.
12. "And he shall be a helper of humanity, his hand shall be over all, and the hand of everyone shall be in his, and he shall be welcomed by all his brothers as their kin."
13. And she called him by the name the Lord told her to call him, and she said to him, "You are of the God of Vision," because she told him, "Behold, I even saw a vision after He saw me."
14. That is why she named the well, "The Well-of-Life-of-Who-Saw-Me." That is the one between Ra-qim and Gaddar.
15. And Hagar gave birth to a son for Abram. And Abram called the son Hagar gave birth to, Ishmael.
16. And Abram was eighty-six years when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael for Abram.
*16:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Went in her eyes."
*16:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Judge between me and to you."
*16:6.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Beautiful."
*16.6.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Ran from before her."
*16:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Submits into your hands."
*16:10 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Increasingly will increase your offspring, and they cannot be counted in their numerousness."
*16:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction retained: "... he shall be a helper of human beings, his helping hand will extend to all people in friendship, and they will have total confidence in him, and all his kinfolk shall welcome him as their guest."
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Updated Feb. 17, 2003