Copyrighted by Victor Alexander ©2003 (posted Dec.14, 2003)
Exodus 91. And the Lord said to Moses, "Go to the Pharaoh and say to him, " Thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews, 'Send my people so* they may work for me.
2. "'And if you do not wish to send them, and until now you have agonized them,
3."'Behold, the hand of the Lord shall be upon your cattle in the desert, your horses, donkeys, camels, oxen, and herds -- they shall all die and be slaughtered.
4. "'And the Lord shall put a difference between the animals of Israel and the animals of the Egyptians, and none of the animals of the house of Israel shall die, not even one.'"
5. And the Lord designated the following day as the time* that he would bring about this event on earth.
6. And the Lord did bring about this event on the following day and all the animals of the Egyptians died and the animals of the house of Israel not even one animal died.
7. And the Pharaoh sent emissaries and found out that none of the animals of the house of Israel died, not even one, and Pharaoh's heart went cold and he did not send the people.
8. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "Fill the laps of your robes with the ashes of the furnace and let Moses cast it at the horizon toward Pharaoh's springs.
9. "And there will be sand over all the land of Egypt, and it will cover man and beast alike, and the smell of death will abound all over the land of Egypt."*
10. And they picked up the ashes of the furnace and stood before the Pharaoh, and Moses threw the ashes into the sky over Pharaoh's spring waters and the stench of death* blew over all mankind and the animals.
11. And the magicians were unable to stand before Moses, because the stench was upon the magicians themselves and on all of Egypt.
12. And the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had told Moses.
13. And the Lord said to Moses, "Rise in the morning and stand before the Pharaoh and tell him, 'This is what the Lord God of the Hebrews commands, send my people to work for me.
14. "'Because in this season I will smite your heart* and your servants' heart, so as it shall be known that there is no one like me in all the land.
15. "'Because as of now I shall extend my hand and strike you and your nation with the plague and you shall disappear from the earth.
16. "'And so that you shall understand that this is why I raised you, so as I may show you my power, so as my name shall be preached throughout the earth.
17. "'And yet you still hold on to the people and do not wish to send them forth?
18. "'Tomorrow by this time I shall bring down the hail so thick that there never fell anything like it upon Egypt from the day that it was built until now.
19. "'So now send for your animals and protect them, together with everything you have on the outside; whatever is found outside, man or animal that cannot be housed inside, the hail shall come down on them and they will all die.
20. "'Those who fear the manifestation of the Lord from the servants of the Pharaoh, let them keep their animals and servants inside.*
21. "'And whoever does not pay attention to the manifestation of the Lord will end up leaving his animals in the fields.'"
22. And the Lord said to Moses, "Raise your hand and there will fall hail over all the land of Egypt, over mankind and over animals, and on every growth outside in the land of Egypt."
23. And Moses raised his staff over the horizon* and the Lord issued forth the thunder and hail and the lightening struck around the earth, and the Lord brought down the hail upon the land of Egypt.
24. And the hail came down so hard that it blazed like a fire mixed in with it, as there had never been anything like it in all the land of Egypt from the days that it became a nation.
25. And the hail hit the entire land of Egypt hard and everything that was outside, from the human beings to the animals, and the hail eradicated every plant that was in the fields, and every tree in the field was broken.
26. Only in the land of Gishon, where the Children of Israel had settled, there was no hail.*
27. And the Pharaoh sent for and called Moses and Aaron, and he said to them, "It is the sin of the ages that the Lord has sanctioned,* for I and my nation are depraved.
28. "Pray on your knees before the Lord and it will have a great effect before him, so as he may end God's thunder and hail, and I will send you off without delay."
29. And Moses said to the Pharaoh, "When I leave this area, I shall extend my hands toward the Lord and the thunder shall cease and the hail shall not come down again, so as you may know that this earth belongs to the Lord.
30. "Yet I know that you and your servants still do not fear the Lord God."
31. And the cotton and the barley were destroyed, because the barley's growth was stunted and the cotton had wilted.
32. And they did not harvest the wheat or do the threshing, because they were hit by the frost.
33. And Moses went out from the Pharaoh and left the town and he stretched his hands out toward the Lord and the thunder and the hail ceased and the rains did not drench the earth.
34. And the Pharaoh saw the rain, the hail and the thunder stopped and he continued to sin, and the Pharaoh's heart and that of his servants became hardened again.
35. And the Pharaoh's heart became stagnant* and the he did not send forth the Children of Israel, as the Lord had sent Moses to accomplish* by his hand.
*9:1 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*9:5 Lit. Ar. id.: "Season."
*9:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And there will be sand in all the land of Egypt, and it will be on men and animals, the stench of the blowing wind will increase in all the land of Egypt."
*9:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bloated."
*9:14 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Send my beatings upon your heart."
*9:20 Lit. Ar. id.: "In the house."
*9:23 Lit. Ar. id.: "Faces of the sky."
*9:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "No hail came down."
*9:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Justified."
*9:35.1 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Unfeeling."
*9:35.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "To apostle."
Exodus 101. And the Lord said to Moses, "Go to the Pharaoh, because it is I who made his heart grow cold, and that of his servants, so that I would perform these signs among them.
2. "And so that such signs should be passed on to your son and your grandchildren,* that which I did to the Egyptians and the signs that I performed among them, that they may know that I am the Lord.*"
3. And Moses and Aaron came to the Pharaoh and said to him, "This is what the Lord God of the Hebrews said, 'Until when will you not submit to me? Send my people so they may work for me.'
4. "'And if you do not wish to send my people, tomorrow I shall bring the locust upon your districts.
5. "'And the earth will be covered from view, so that no human being will be able to see the earth, and the locusts shall eat everything that the hail left intact and they shall eat all the trees that still provide for you in the field.
6. "'And your houses will be filled with them, your servants' houses and all the houses of the Egyptians, such that none of your parents or your parent's parents have ever seen like it from the day they were set on earth and until this day;'" and so they left the presence of the Pharaoh and went back.
7. And the servants of the Pharaoh said to him, "Until when are we going to have this stumbling block? Send the men, let them work for their Lord God; are you not aware yet that you have almost wiped out Egypt?"
8. And they brought back Moses and Aaron to the Pharaoh and he said to them, "Go and work before your Lord God; except who and who will go?"
9. Moses said to him, "We shall go with our youth and our elders, with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our oxen we shall go, because this is our ceremonial feast* before the Lord."
10. He said to them, "If this is how the Lord is with you, when he send you and calls on you, why did you thus see this as an evil before your faces?
11. "Do not go like this now, you men, and work before the Lord; is it not a vacation that you want?" And they threw them out from the presence of the Pharaoh.*
12. And the Lord said to Moses, "Raise your hand over the land of Egypt and set upon them the locust to eat the vegetation of the earth and everything the hail has left."
13. And Moses raised his staff over the land of Egypt and the Lord brought out the burning* spirit over the land of Egypt all day and all night, and when morning came the burning spirit sent off the locusts.
14. And the locust rose over the entire land of Egypt and settled upon every Egyptian district, and it inundated them well, and there was neither a locust like that before, nor ever after.
15. And it covered every spring in the land, and the earth became dark, and it ate all the vegetation of the earth and every fruit of the tree that remained after the hail, and there was neither a leaf left on a tree, nor a shoot in the field in the entire land of Egypt.
16. And the Pharaoh hurried up and called Moses and Aaron and said to them, "I have sinned against your Lord God and you.
17. "This time also forgive my insult* on this occasion* and pray on your knees before your Lord God, so I that I may be spared this death."
18. And Moses left the presence of the Pharaoh to pray before the Lord.
19. And the Lord returned with the spirit of the West, which strikes well, and it took the locusts and threw them in the Sea of Soop, and there was not one locust that remained in all the Egyptian districts.
20. And the Lord hardened the heart of the Pharaoh and he did not send for the Children of Israel.
21. And the Lord said to Moses, "Raise your hand toward heaven and there will be darkness over all the land of Egypt and the darkness shall be gloomy."
22. And Moses raised his hand toward heaven, and there was darkness and gloom in all the land of Egypt for three days.
23. Neither did a person see their own brother, nor did a person get out of their bed for three days, but where the Children of Israel had settled there was the light of day.
24. And the Pharaoh called Moses and said to him, "Go and work before your Lord God, only leave your flocks and oxen, and go honorably."*
25. Moses said to the Pharaoh, "And you also shall be making sacrifices and altar offerings that we may offer to our Lord God.
26. "And our animals will go with us and not one of our fingernails shall remain behind again, because from it we draw the work that we shall do before our Lord God, and we do not know what we shall do before the Lord when we get there."
27. And the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart and he did not wish to send them.
28. And the Pharaoh said to Moses, "Go away from me, do not try to see me anymore, because on the day you see me you will die!"
29. Moses said to him, "You put it beautifully that I must not see your face again."*
*10:2.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Before your son's son."
*10:2.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "That I am I the Lord."
*10:9 Lit. Ar. id.: "Or: "Traditional holiday."
*10:11 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "From before the faces of the Pharaoh."
*10:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Coughing."
*10:17.1 Lit. Ar. id.: Or: "Outrage."
*10:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "In this season."
*10:24 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And also your honor will go with you."
*10:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Beautifully you said again do not add to see your faces."
Exodus 111. And the Lord said to Moses, "I will punish the Pharaoh one more time, and the Egyptians also, and then he will send you from here, and when he sends you, all of you go out of here together.
2. "And tell it before the people so as each man should ask his companion and the wife should ask her companion for silver and gold vessels."
3. And the Lord made it so* that the people were seen favorably* in the eyes of the Egyptians; even Moses was well-respected as a man in the land of Egypt and in the eyes of Pharaoh's servants and the nation.
4. And Moses said that this is what the Lord said: "In the middle of the night I shall go out into Egypt,
5. "And all the male heirs, from the male heir of the Pharaoh who was to sit on his throne to that of the maiden sitting at the mill and all the first-born of the farm animals shall die.
6. "And there shall be great cries of lamentation in the land of Egypt, the like of which there never was and never will be.
7. "And from the House of Israel* neither will a dog utter a sound,* nor a human being, nor a four-legged creature, so as you may know that the Lord shall distinguish* between the Egyptians and the Israelites.*
8. "And all these servants of yours shall come down to me and they shall worship me, and they shall say to me, "Go out, you and this entire nation with you;' that is when I shall go out." And Moses left the presence of the Pharaoh in great anger.
9. And the Lord said to Moses, "The Pharaoh did not listen to you because the differences I made in the land of Egypt have increased in number.
10. And Moses and Aaron demonstrated these differences before the Pharaoh, and the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh so* he would not send the Children of Israel from his land.
*11:3.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Gave."
*11:3.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mercifully."
*11:7.1 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Israelites."
*11:7.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Separate."
*11:7.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of Israel."
*11:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
Exodux 121. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,
2. "Let this mouth be the first* of your months, make this month before me to be ahead of all the months of the year.
3. "Tell the entire gathering* of the Children of Israel, on the tenth of this month, for every man to bring a ram to each house, one ram per ancestral home.
4. "And if the house that the ram is brought* to is a small household, let that household, which is small in number of souls, share with its neighbor, each according to what they can eat until they all eat their fill of the ram,*
5. "A ram that has no blemish, a male of one year you shall have, you shall eat your fill of the ram and of the goat.
6. "And he shall be under your protection until the fourteenth of that month, and the entire nation of the Children of Israel gathered shall slaughter him at the setting of the sun.
7. "And they shall take from his blood and they shall splash it on their doors across the archway or the entry stone and over the houses wherein they ate him.
8. "And they shall eat the meat in that night cooked over a fire and the loaves of the bread of bitter herbs you shall eat.
9. "Neither eat of him while still raw,* nor merely cooked in water, except cooked over a fire with his head, shanks and innards.
10. "And do not leave any fragments of him till next morning, and whatever is leftover from him burn it in the fire.
11. "And thus consume him, while your backs are girded and your sandals on your feet and your staffs in your hands, and consume him hurriedly, because it is the Passover of the Lord.
12. "And I shall go across the land of Egypt on this night and all male heirs of the land of Egypt shall die, from the human beings to the four-legged creatures, and all that the Egyptians fear I shall judge, I, the Lord.
13. "And this blood shall be a sign upon the houses in which you are and I shall see the blood and I shall Passover you and there shall be no death that will befall you when I kill all those of the land of Egypt.
14. "And this day shall be for you a memorial, a day for the offering of sacrifices, and make it a feast for the Lord, a feast for all your generations throughout the centuries, make this your Law to the end of the universe.
15. "For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread and from the first day you shall quit using the leaven in your homes,* because whoever eats bread that is leavened from your household shall be lost to Israel;* do this from the first day to the seventh day.
16. "The first day shall be designed a holy day,* and the seventh day shall be designated a holy day; keep them holy and no work shall be performed during them, except that which a human being needs to prepare for food, that alone is what may be done.
17. "And you shall celebrate with Unleavened Bread because on this day I revealed your powers from the Lord of Egypt, and you shall celebrate this day throughout the centuries, a Law to the end of the universe.
18. "In the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, you shall eat the Unleavened Bread and until the evening the twenty-first day of the month.
19. "For seven days no leaven shall be found in your homes, because whoever eats anything unleavened, that soul shall be lost to the flock* of Israel, whether they are herders or settlers in the land.
20. "You shall not eat anything leavened, only that which is unleavened."
21. And Moses called all the old men of Israel and he said to them, "Quickly, take for yourselves sheep for your tribes and slaughter the Passover rams.
22. "And you shall take branches of hyssop and soak them in the blood of the ram and you shall brush the blood of the ram upon the entry stone and the beam over the door posts, from the blood that is in the vessel, and none of you shall go out of their house's door until morning.
23. "And the Lord shall pass by to strike the Egyptians and He shall see the blood on the entry stone and on the beam over the doorposts and the Lord shall Passover those doors and He shall not allow the destroyer to enter your homes to destroy.
24. "And you shall observe this tradition* and this Law, for you and for your children until the end of the universe.
25. "And when you enter the land that the Lord shall give you as He has said, you shall perform this tradition.
26. "And it will come to pass that when your children ask you, 'What observance is this?'
27. "You shall tell them, 'This is the offering of the Passover, when the Lord passed the homes of the Children of Israel in Egypt, as He struck the Egyptians and passed over our houses and the nation sat up and worshipped the Lord.'"
28. And there went the Children of Israel and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, that is what they did.
29. And in the middle of the night the Lord killed all the male heirs in the land of Egypt, from the heir of the Pharaoh who sat on the throne to the heir of the lowly who sat in prison and of all the four-legged animals.
30. And the Pharaoh woke up in that night, together with his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry of lamentation in all the land of Egypt, and there was no house in which someone had not died.
31. And the Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron in that very night and he said to them, "Get up and go from the midst of my nation, you and all the Children of Israel, and go work before the Lord wherever it is that you said.
32. "And fetch your flocks and your oxen also, as you told me; go, it will be a blessing for me also."
33. And the Egyptians pressed their people to hurry them out of the land, "because," they said, "we will all die."
34. And the nation took their dough while still unleavened, their household good tied down with strands and thrown over their shoulders.
35. And the Children of Israel did according to the manifestation of Moses and they asked for plates of silver and plates of gold and clothing.
36. And the Lord gave them to be regarded mercifully in the eyes of the Egyptians, and they pressed the Egyptians in requesting them.
37. And the Children of Israel gathered their things* and left Ramses toward Succoth, six hundred thousand men on foot besides everyone else.*
38. Also many who had intermarried with them went up with them, and many flocks, oxen and a great number of domesticated animals.
39. And when they baked the dough that they brought out of Egypt, it did not rise and it came out as flat wafers, because it was unleavened, as the Egyptians pushed them out and did not let them get out smoothly, so that is all they managed to do.
40. And the settlement* of the Children of Israel in Egypt lasted four hundred and thirty years.
41. And it came to pass that after four hundred and thirty years on that day all the powers of the Lord came out of the land of Egypt.
42. This night was hallowed* by the Lord for the sake of their liberation from the land of Egypt, that very night was hallowed by the Lord for all the Children of Israel throughout the centuries.
43. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the Law of Passover, no foreign child should eat of it.
44. "And every man's servant bought with money after he is circumcised can then eat of it.
45. "The settler and the renter may not eat of it.
46. "Eat it in one house and do not take out the meat from that house, and no bone shall be broken in it.
47. "The entire congregation of Israel shall do this.
48. "And whereas there are settlers living with you who observe* the Passover of the Lord, when every male has been circumcised, then only shall he perform it and be like a shepherd* of the land, but no one uncircumcised may eat of it.
49. "The Law shall be the same for the shepherd as well as for the natives who live among you."
50. And thus did all the Children of Israel, as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, that is what they observed.*
51. And it was on this very day that the Lord liberated the Children of Israel from the land of Egypt in their full force.*
*12:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Head."
*12:3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Synagogue."
*12:4.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Comes up with."
*12:4.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Are all satisfied by the ram."
*12:9 Lit. Ar. id.: "Living."
*12:15.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Retire the yeast from your homes."
*12:15.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "His soul shall be lost from Israel."
*12:16 Lit. Ar. id.: "Called and sanctified."
*12:19 Lit. Ar. id.: "Synagogue."
*12:24 Lit. Ar. id.: "Event."
*12:37.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Took up."
*12:37.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Their other assets."
*12:40 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "The settlement that they settled."
*12:42 Lit. Ar. id.: "Guarded."
*12:48 Lit. Ar. id.: "Perform."
*12:48 Lit. Ar. id.: "Shepherd-herder."
*12:50 Lit. Ar. id.: "Performed."
*12:51 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "All their powers."
Exodus 13-16 | Exodus Index | Aramaic
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