Copyrighted by Victor Alexander ©2003 (posted Oct. 15, 2003)
1. And after that, Moses and Aaron went in and said to the Pharaoh, "This is what the Lord God of Israel said, 'Send my people that they may perform [their duties] to me in the wilderness.'"
2. And the Pharaoh said, "Who is the Lord that I should listen to his voice and dispatch Israel? Neither do I recognize the Lord, nor will I dispatch Israel."
3. And they said, "The Lord God of the Hebrews has revealed to us that we must go a journey of three days into the wilderness and sacrifice to our Lord God, lest not He should put us to the sword or to death."
4. And the king of Egypt said to them, "Wherefore do you, Moses and Aaron, take away* the people from their work? Get back to your duties!"
5. And the Pharaoh said to them, "Behold, how much the people have increased in the land and you want to [waste their time and] keep* them from working.
6. And so on that day the Pharaoh commanded his governors over the people and their scribes and he said to them,
7. "Do not waste your time* giving the people straw* for making bricks, like it was before, like it was the norm;* let them go and pitch their own straw;
8. "For they have developed a system of laying bricks that is based on what they made before and what is expected of them, adding nothing to the count, and they are not getting the lesser,* because they are idlers, that is why they say, 'We must go and make sacrifices to our God.'
9. "Make the men work harder, so they pay attention to what they are doing and not some empty words."
10. And the governors of the nation and their scribes went out and told the people that this is what the Pharaoh said, "I am not giving you any straw.
11. "You go and get yourself the straw wherever you may find it and let not your work be any the lesser."
12. And the people scattered throughout the land of Egypt to gather and pitch the straw.*
13. And the authorities* pressed them, saying, "Complete your task like always,* as if you were given the straw."
14. And the scribes of the Children of Israel were chastised, whom the authorities of the Pharaoh had set over them, saying, "Wherefore did you not complete the quota of bricks according to before and as usual, just as you did not today."
15. The scribes of the Children of Israel approached the Pharaoh and said, "Wherefore is this being done to your servants?
16. "The straw is being withheld from your servants and they tell us to cast bricks and, behold, your servants are being blamed; you are sinning against your nation."
17. And the Pharaoh said to them, "You are truly idlers,* that is why you say 'Let us go and make sacrifices to the Lord.'
18. "Now go and serve and no straw shall be given to you, but you must meet the same quota of bricks."*
19. And those scribes saw that the Children of Israel were regarded in a bad light,* and they said to them, "Do not reduce the number of bricks that you lay, except make them like always."*
20. And they addressed Moses and Aaron, as they stood before them, when they came out from the presence of the Pharaoh.
21. And they said to them, "The Lord sees you and shall judge you, as you have besmirched our reputation* in the eyes of the Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants; they will put us to the sword, the sword that you put in their hands."
22. So Moses returned to the Lord and said, "My Lord, wherefore have you forsaken this nation, and wherefore did you send me?
23. "That from the hour that I came to the Pharaoh to speak in your name, he has maligned this nation, and as for saving you have not saved your people."
*5:4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Make them idle."
*5:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Idle them from their work."
*5:6.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Beat a loss."
*5:6.2 Used to hold together sun-baked bricks.
*5:6.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Like yesterday and like yesterdays."
*5:8 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "They keep on increasing in number."
*5:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "To pitch the pitching of the straw."
*5:13.1 Lit. Ar. id.: also: "Governors."
*5:13.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "According to every season."
*5:17 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "And idlingly you are idlers."
*5:18 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And the accounting of bricks you will give."
*5:19.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Evilly."
*5:19.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Like everyday."
*5:21 Lit. Ar. id.: "Spirit."
1. And the Lord* said to Moses, "Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, because I will send them out with a sure hand and I will liberate them with a sweeping arm.*
2. And the Lord spoke with Moses and said to him, "I am the Lord.*
3. "And I was revealed to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob through Eil-Shaddai the God, but I did not reveal* to them the name of the Lord.*
4. "And I also made my covenant* with them, giving them the land of Canaan, the land of their settlement in which they lived.
5. "And I also heard the appeal of the Children of Israel who have been enslaved by the Egyptians and I recalled my covenant.
6. "That is why I have said to the Children of Israel that I am your Lord God, that I shall liberate you from the enslavement by the Egyptians, and that I shall deliver you from the enslavement they have imposed on you, with a sure hand and a sweeping arm,* and a great judgment.*
7. "And I shall consecrate you as my people and I shall be your God, and you shall know that it is I* who is your Lord God, who delivered you out of the enslavement of the Egyptians.
8. "And I shall bring you to the land that I cast my hand over to give to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and give it to you as an inheritance, I the Lord."
9. And thus Moses told the Children of Israel, but they did not listen to him, because of the lack of spirit and the heavy enslavement.*
10. And the Lord spoke with Moses in order to say, "Go and tell Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, 'Send the Children of Israel out of the land.'"
12. And Moses said to the Lord, "Behold, if the Children of Israel hear me not, how is the Pharaoh going to listen to me as I stutter?"*
13. And the Lord spoke with Moses and with Aaron and he commanded them to go to the Children of Israel and to the Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, so as to liberate the Children of Israel from the land of Egypt.
14. And these are the heads of their households: the children of Reuel, the heir of Israel, Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These are the tribes of Reuel.
15. And the children of Simeon were Jemuel, Tamin,, Ohad, Jachim, Zohar and Shaul -- the sons of a Canaanite woman -- these are the tribes of Simeon.
16. And these are the children of Levi, according to their tribes: Gershom, Kohath and Merari. And the years of Levi's life were one hundred and thirty-seven.
17. And the children of Gershon were Libni and Shimei, according to their tribes;
18. And the children of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. And the years of Kohath's life were one hundred and thirty-three.
19. And the children of Merari were Mahli and Mushisons* -- these were the tribes of the Levites, according to their tribal names.
20. And Amram consecrated Jochebed, the daughter of his uncle, for a wife, and she gave birth to Aaron, Moses and Miriam for him, and the years of Amram's life were one hundred and thirty-seven.
21. And the sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg and Zichri.
22. And the sons of Uzzeil were Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri.
23. And Aaron consecrated Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, as wife, and she gave birth to Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar for him.
24. And the children of Korah were Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph -- these were the tribes of Korah.
25. And Eleazar, the son of Aaron, consecrated for himself a wife from the daughters of Putiel, and she gave birth to Pinhes.* These were the heads of the Levites, according to their tribes.
26. These were the Moses and Aaron to whom the Lord said, "Liberate the Children of Israel from the land of Egypt in all their strength."
*6:1.1 Note: When the Lord appeared to Moses it was always as Eashoa (or Jesus.) God always appeared to every human being that He ever appeared to in the personage of Eashoa. This is the only way that a human being could see God. This is what is meant by Eashoa is God Manifest. *6:1.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Because by grasping hand I will send them and by high arm I will emerge them out of the land."
*6:2 Lit. Ar. id.: "I am I, Lord." Or: "It is I, the Lord."
*6:3.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Show them."
*6:3.2 Note: This must be where the major discrepancy with respect to the name of the Lord originated in the Western languages, starting with the Greek and Latin and now with the English language and all other languages, where we have a number of names presuming to be the true name of the Lord.
*6:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Stood my standing."
*6:6.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Grasping hand and high arm."
*6:6.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Great judgments," or "many punishments."
*6:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "That I am I."
*6:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Because of their loss of hope and oppression."
*6:12 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "My tongue ties up."
*6:19 Lit. Ar. name: "Moshei."
*6:25 Lit. Ar. name: "Pin-khis." In English Bibles: "Phinechas."
1. And the Lord said to Moses, "Look, I give you "God" to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.*
2. "You shall tell everything that I command you and Aaron your brother will tell the Pharaoh, and he shall send the Children of Israel from the land.
3. "And I shall harden the heart of Pharaoh and increase my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.
4. "And the Pharaoh will not listen to you, and I shall put my hand on Egypt and release my powers, and my people, the Children of Israel, from the land of Egypt, through great judgments.
5. "And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord* that cast his hand upon the Egyptians and liberated the Children of Israel from among them."
6. And as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, that is exactly what they did.*
7. And Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron was eighty-three years old, when they spoke with the Pharaoh.
8. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,
9. "If the Pharaoh says to you, "Give me signs,' tell Aaron, 'take your staff and throw it before the Pharaoh,' and it shall become a python."
10. And Moses and Aaron came to the Pharaoh and did what the Lord commanded them. And Aaron threw his staff before the Pharaoh and his audience and it became a python.
11. And the Pharaoh called the wise men and the magicians, and the magicians of Egypt did likewise with their magic.
12. And the man threw his staff before the Pharaoh and it became a python, and Aaron's staff swallowed his staff.
13. And Pharaoh's heart was hardened and he did not send them, as the Lord had said.
14. And the Lord said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is hardened; he did not wish to send the nation.
15. "Go to the Pharaoh in the morning just* as he is about to go out to the water, stand before him at the edge of the river* and take in your hand the staff that was the snake.
16. "And say to him that the Lord God of the Hebrews sent me to you and said to send out my people to work for me in the wilderness, and, behold, till now you have not listened -- this is what the Lord said, "By this you shall know that it is I, the Lord.
17. "'Behold, I shall strike the staff in my hand into the water of the river and they shall turn to blood.
18. "'And the fish of the river shall die and the river shall become rancid and the Egyptians will be unable to drink water from the river.'"
19. And the Lord said to Moses, "Tell Aaron to take up your staff and raise your hand over the waters of the Egyptians and over their rivers, reservoirs and lakes, and over their hilltop waters, and they shall all turn to blood, and there will be blood throughout the land of Egypt, even in the woods and the rocks."
20. And this is what Moses and Aaron did, they did as the Lord commanded them. And Aaron raised the staff that was in his hand and he struck the waters in the river, against the Pharaoh and against his servants and the waters of the river turned to blood for all of them.
21. And the fish in the river died and the river became rancid, and the Egyptians could not drink of the river's water, and there was blood in the entire land of Egypt.
22. And the Egyptian magicians did likewise through their magic, but Pharaoh's heart was unmoved and he would not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
23. And the Pharaoh turned back and went to his home and he did not pay attention to all this.
24. And the Egyptians dug up all around the river for drinking water, for they could not drink of the river waters.
25. And it ended all seven days after the Lord had struck the river.
*7:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction retained: "I give you my Godhead to impose over Pharaoh and I give you Aaron to be your representative-spokesman." *7:5 Lit. Ar. id.: "That I am I, the Lord."
*7:6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And did Moses and Aaron as the Lord commanded them, like that they did."
*7:15.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Behold."
*7:15.2 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "At the shore..."
1. And the Lord said to Moses, "Go to the Pharaoh and say to him that this is what the Lord said, 'Send my people to work for me.*
2. "'And if you do not wish to send them, behold, I shall strike all your districts with frogs.
3. "'And the river shall abort its frogs and they shall crawl up and enter your house and your summer residence and your sleeping chamber and your mattresses, and your servants' houses and your lockers,
4. "'And the frogs shall climb upon you and upon your entire nation.'"
5. And the Lord said to Moses, "Tell your brother Aaron, 'Raise your hand with the staff over the rivers, the high waters and the lakes and let the frogs crawl upon the land of Egypt.'"
6. And Aaron raised his hand over the waters of the Egyptians and the frogs crawled up and covered the land of Egypt.
7. And the magicians did also the same and the frogs crawled over the land of Egypt.
8. And the Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron, and he said to them, "Pray before the Lord and ask him to save me and my nation from the frogs; I will send the people to offer sacrifices before the Lord."
9. And Moses said to the Pharaoh, "Tell me when* to pray on your behalf, your servants and your nation to have the frogs leave you and your household;"
10. And the Pharaoh said to him, "As of tomorrow;" and Moses said to him, "It shall be according to your words, so as you will know that there is no one like our Lord God.
11. "The frogs shall leave you and your household, your servants and your nation; they shall be confined only to the river."
12. And Moses and Aaron went out from the presence of the Pharaoh, and Moses prayed on his knees before the Lord on account of the frogs that were unleashed against the Pharaoh.
13. And the Lord did according to the manifestation of Moses and the frogs died out from the houses, living quarters and fields.
14. And they gathered them into piles upon piles;* it was a terrible sight.*
15. And the Pharaoh saw that it was awful and his heart grew sluggish and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had told Moses.
16. And the Lord said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Raise your staff and strike the dust of the earth, and there shall be fleas in all the land of Egypt.
17. And he did so, and Aaron thus raised his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the earth and there were fleas everywhere, on the people, on the animals, and in all the dust of the earth -- the entire land of Egypt was full of fleas.
18. And the Egyptian magicians did likewise and they could not find an end to the fleas, the fleas were everywhere on the people and the animals.
19. And the magicians said to the Pharaoh, "There is the finger of God in this." And Pharaoh's heart went cold and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
20. And the Lord said to Moses, "Rise before the morning and stand before the Pharaoh as soon as he goes to the waters and say to him that this is what the Lord has commanded, 'Let my people go so they may work for me.'
21. "'And if you do not wish to send my people, behold, I shall send upon you, and upon your nation and upon your household, pests of every kind and the houses of the Egyptians will be full of pests, like the dust they walk on.
22. "'And on that day I shall set aside the land of Gishon, where my people sit, so as there will be no pests there, so that is shall become known that I am the Lord that controls* this world.
23. "'And I shall put a difference between my people and your people, and this sign will occur tomorrow.'"
24.And thus did the Lord and there came the pests and attacked Pharaoh's house and that of his servants, and the entire land of Egypt, and the land was devastated by the pests.
25. And the Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron and he said to them, "Go and sacrifice before your God on earth."
26. And Moses said, "It is not well* that we should do this, because it would be from the defilement of the Egyptians that we made these sacrifices, and if we sacrificed what the Egyptians feared before their eyes, they would stone us.
27. "Let us go a three-days journey into the wilderness and there we shall [offer the sacrifices] to our Lord God, as he has instructed us."
28. And the Pharaoh said, "I will send you and you shall offer sacrifices to your Lord God in the wilderness, only as for going far do not go far, and do pray for me, too."
29. And Moses said to the Pharaoh, "Behold, as I go from your presence and pray before the Lord, and the pests leave* the Pharaoh, his servants and his nation tomorrow, only let not Pharaoh add to the lies as far as sending the people that they may offer sacrifices to the Lord."
30. And Moses left the presence of the Pharaoh and he prayed on his knees before the Lord.
31. And the Lord did according to the manifestation of Moses and ended [the pests and] the mange from the Pharaoh, his servants and nation, and no one was left who had it anymore.
32. And Pharaoh's heart became cold in that season also and he did not send the people out.
*8:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Send my nation and they will work for me."
*8:9.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Ask your season."
*8:9.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Over."
*8:14.1 Lit. Ar. figure of speech: "Caravan, caravan."
*8:14.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "And the land became ugly."
*8:22 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "... inside the earth."
*8:26. Lit. Ar. id.: "Beautiful."
*8:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "End from the Pharaoh."
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