Exodus

Exodus 37

1. Then, Bašleil made the ark of acacia wood, two and a half arm-lengths its length, one a half arm-lengths its width, and one and a half arm-lengths its height.
2. He plated it with pure gold from inside and from outside, and he made for it a wreath of gold that circled it.
3. He forged four rings of gold for the four corners, two rings for the one side and two rings for the other side.
4. He made rods of acacia wood and plated them with gold.
5. He put the rods through the rings on the sides of the ark by which the ark would be lifted.
 
6. He made the sacrificial [tray] of pure gold, two and a half arm-lengths its length and one and a half arm-lengths its width.
7. He made two cherubs of gold. He had them cast [and placed them] on the two sides of the sacrificial [tray.]
8. One cherub from this side, the other cherub from the other side; he placed the cherubs above the sacrificial [tray] from the two sides of it.
9. And the cherubs had their wings spread from above and casting their shadow over the sacrificial [tray.] Their wings and their faces were opposite each other and over the sacrificial [tray] -- that is what the cherubs were over.
 
10. He made [the table for] the Bread of Offering of acacia wood, two arm-lengths long, one arm-length wide and one and a half arm-lengths high,
11. And he plated it with gold, and he made it a wreath of gold that circled around its edges.*
12. He made a rim* for it that spread* around, and he made a wreath of gold for it that [also] circled it.
13. Then he forged four rings of gold, and placed the rings on the four corners of the four legs.
14. Opposite its edges* were the positions of the rings for the poles by which the [Bread of Offering} Table would be lifted.
15. He made rods of acacia wood by which the Table would be lifted and he plated them with gold.
16. He made the plates for the Bread of the Offering, its trays, its cups, its pitchers, and its chalices for drinking. He made them of pure gold.
 
17. Then he made the menorah of pure gold; he made it as a casting, its base, branches, crosses, buds and flowers* were all made as one piece.*
18. Six horns emerge from its sides, three horns of the menorah from one side and three horns of the menorah from the other side.
19. Three crosses are bunched together on one shoot with its buds and flowers,* and three crosses are bunched together on another shoot with its buds and flowers, likewise all six horns that emerge from the menorah.
20. And the menorah is held together with four crosses, with its buds and flowers.
21. The knot below the two branches of the [first] knot below the two branches of the [second one,] and the knot of the two branches of [ the third one] -- thus all the six branches that emerge from the menorah.
22. Its knots and branches are a part of it, all of them were cast of the same pure gold.
23. Thus he made seven lamps for the menorah,* with its trimmers and snuffers -- he made them all of pure gold.
24. He made it with talents of pure gold, together with all its vessels.
 
25. Then he made the Altar of Incense* of acacia wood, one arm-length its length and one arm-length its width -- [it was] square. [He made] its height one arm-length, with its horns [jutting] out of it.
26. He plated it with pure gold, with its roof and sides, that went around, together with its horns, and he made a wreath of gold for it that circled it.
27. He made two rings of gold; [he plated them] at the two corners below the wreaths, on its two sides, where the rods by which is was to be carried would go.*
28. He made the rods of acacia wood and plated them with gold.
29. Then he made the holy oil of anointing and the perfume of the healing incense from the purest of incense.*
*37:11 Lit. Ar. id.: "Its lips."
*37:12.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lip."
*37:12.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Fingers-" or "hand-spread."
*37:14 Lit. Ar. id.: "Its lip."
*37:17.1 Lit. Aramaic: "Shooshanneh." "Susans," (desert flowers.)
*37:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Were from it."
*37:19 Lit. Ar. id.: "Susans."
*37:20 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he made its lamps seven."
*37:27 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "The place for the rods to carry it."
*37:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he made the oil of the holy anointing and the perfume of pure incense, a work of healing." Or: "... the work of a healer" or "... a work of incense" -- a play on the meaning of the word "incense."

Exodus 38

1. Then he made the Altar of the Holocaust from acacia wood, five arm-lengths its length, five arm-lengths its width, square, and three arm-lengths its height.
2. He carved its four horns out of it, and he plated it with bronze.*
3. He made all the vessels of the altar, the pans, the pots, the forks, the shovels, the burners,* and all their vessels from bronze.
4. He made the altar a grate made of bronze and placed it below its edges, halfway from below.
5. He forged four rings for its four corners, to place holes for the rods to go through.
6. He made rods made of acacia wood and he plated them with bronze,
7. And he put the rods through the rings on the sides of the altar, to carry it with them; it was empty inside.*
8. He made the horns of bronze and its base from the [polished] bronze that the women used [as mirrors,] the women who prayed at the entrance to the Tabernacle of Ages.
 
9. Then he made the courtyard to the side of the Spirit of the South; there were one hundred arm-lengths of strips made of weaved linen hanging.
10. Its poles were twenty, their fasteners were twenty -- made of bronze -- and the holders of the poles he plated with silver.
11. To the Northern side, [he made the linens] on hundred arm-lengths, their poles were twenty, its fasteners were twenty and made of bronze, and the holders of the poles he plated with silver.
12. To the Western side, [he made the linens] fifty arm-lengths, likewise their holders, as he plated them with silver.
13. To the side of the Spirit of the East, he made fifty arm-lengths of [linen] strips, 
14. Fifteen arm-lengths to the side, [where he placed] three poles and three fasteners.
15. The other side, from this side to the other side of the courtyard's entrance, fifteen arm-lengths of [linen] strips to each side, where there were three fasteners.
16. He circled the entire courtyard with the strips of weaved linen.
17. [He made] the fasteners for the poles from bronze, and the holders of the poles he plated with silver, together with their heads he plated with silver, and all the poles of the courtyard he plated with silver;
18. And the tapestry at the entrance of the courtyard was the work of weavers; it was made of twined purple threads and crimson linen and of weaved cloth, twenty arm-lengths its length, its height and width five arm-lengths; it faced the strips of the courtyard.
19. Their poles were four, their fasteners were four -- their fasteners were of bronze and their holders were of silver -- their heads, [in fact, they were all ] plated with silver.
20. All the spikes of the tabernacle and the courtyard that went around were of bronze.
 
21. Then, there were the contributors to the tabernacle, the Tabernacle of Testimony; they contributed according to the manifestation uttered by Moses' mouth -- it was the work of Levites, by the hand of Ithamar son of Aaron, the high priest.
22. And Basli-eil son of Uri son of Hur -- from the dynasty of Judah -- did everything that the Lord commanded Moses.
23. And together with him, Eli-ahiv* son of Ahisamach from the dynasty of Dan, an artisan and weaver of purple yarn, scarlet and crimson cloth and linens.
24. All the gold that was used for the works, throughout the building of the Holy [Tabernacle] -- which was from the gold that was contributed -- came to nine talents and four hundred and thirty measures,* according to the measure of the Holy [Tabernacle.]
25. The silver of the contributors from the congregation was one hundred talents, and one thousand, seven hundred and seventy measures, according to the measure of the Holy [Tabernacle.]
26. The measure for the individual members* was half the measure, according to the measures of the Holy [Tabernacle,] whoever entered the number after the age of twenty and over -- they were six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty [individuals.]
27. There was one hundred talents of silver that were used to cast the fasteners of the Holy [Tabernacle,] together with the fasteners of the tapestries, one hundred fasteners of the tapestries, one hundred fasteners from the one hundred talents, the talents [that were used for all the holders] and the spikes.
28. With the one thousand, seven hundred and seventy-five of them he made holders for the poles, together with their tips, and he plated them with silver.
29. All the bronze that was contributed was seventy talents, two thousand and four hundred measures.
30. From it were made the fasteners of the Tabernacle of Ages, its bronze Altar, of its bronze grill, all the vessels of the Altar and the spikes of the courtyard all around;
31. And all fasteners of the courtyard's entrance, all the bases of the Altar and all the bases of the courtyard around.

*38:2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he made its horns on its four corners, the horns were from it, and he won it in bronze."
*38:3 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Flame fanners."
*38:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "He made it empty of sides."
*38:23 Lit. Aramaic retained: "Oholiab."
*38:24 Lit. Aramaic retained: "Shekels."
*38:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "Head."

Exodus 39

1. Then, from the purple threads, from the scarlet and from the crimson weaved cloth, they made the ceremonial vestments, in order to perform the services in the Holy [Tabernacle;] thus they made the vestments of the sanctification for Aaron, as the Lord commanded Moses.
2. They made ephods of gold, purple, scarlet and crimson threads, and weaved linen,
3. And they beat the gold into flat leaves and they cut it into threads to pass through the purple, scarlet and crimson cloth, and into the linen, according to the work of the craftsmen.
4. They made shoulders for it, with fasteners on two of its sides as holders for it.
5. The sashes over the sleeves a part of it, made of gold, purple, scarlet and crimson threads, and weaved linen, as the Lord commanded Moses.
6. They crafted the stones of beryl, circled and set in gold, engraved and carved out as seals with the names of the Sons of Israel [inscribed on them.]
7. And they consecrated these on the sides* of the sleeves, the Stones of Commemoration for the Children of Israel, as the Lord commanded Moses.
 
8. They made the spread according to the work of an artisan, like the ephod, of gold, purple, scarlet and crimson yarn and weaved linen.
9. It was square when folded, and they made the hallowed cubicle, its length and its width [were also square] when folded.
10. Then they placed four rows of stones in it, the first row was ruby, topaz and emerald.
11. The other row was turquoise, sapphire and jasper.
12. The third row was jacinth, agate and amethyst.
13. The fourth row was chrysolite, beryl and onyx.
14. These stones were according to the fame* of the Children of Israel, twelve of them, engraved according to their names as seals, each name carried the name of one of the twelve dynasties.
15. They made chains of braided cords of pure gold to place over the cover.*
16. They made two handles of gold and two rings of gold, and they placed two rings on the two sides of the holy cover.
17. They placed two braids of gold through the two rings that were on the two sides of the holy cover.
18. The two braids at the two sides were tied to the two fasteners and they were placed on the two shoulders of the ephod facing it.
19. They made two gold rings and they placed them on the sides of the holy cover, on the edge of the ephod's side from inside.
20. They made two gold rings and placed them on the two shoulders of the ephod from inside, from the opposite sides of its front, opposite to its handles, above the sash of the ephod.
21. And they fastened the holy cover from one set of the rings to the other set of the rings, sewed with purple yarn, to be placed on the sash of the ephod, so as the holy cover should be inseparable from the ephod -- as the Lord commanded Moses.
 
22. Then they made the robe for the ephod, they made it from purple-died* yarn.
23. The opening* of the robe was within it, like the opening* of chainmail, and its edges* came up to its opening* as it went around, so as not to unravel.
24. At the hems of the robe they embroidered pomegranates with purple yarn and scarlet, crimson cloth and twined linen.
25. They made bells of pure gold and they fastened the bells into the pomegranates, around the hems of the robe, inside the pomegranates;
26. Bells of gold and pomegranates upon the hems of the robe as it went around, so as to perform the service, as the Lord commanded Moses.
 
27. Then they made the tunic of (the ephod,) weaved with purple-died yarn, for Aaron and his sons.
28. And [they made] the mitre from the [weaved] cloth, with the purple clothing of glorification and the trousers of weaved linen.
29. And [they made] the sash of weaved linen, with purple yarn, scarlet and crimson cloth, and the weaved linens, the work of spinners, as the Lord commanded Moses.
30. Then they made the wreath for the grooming of the Blessed Heir* from pure gold, and they wrote upon it with the engraved writing of seals: "Hallowed for the Lord."
31. They sewed it with purple threads upon the mitre, as the Lord commanded Moses.
 
32. Thus ended all the work of the Tabernacle of Ages, the Children of Israel did everything that the Lord had commanded Moses, that is exactly what they did.
33. They brought [everything] to Moses for the tabernacle, the tabernacle and all its vessels, rings, furnishings, chambers, stakes, panels, poles and their holders;
34. The tapestry of the tabernacle weaved from the ram of Isspineeqiah and the tapestry of the tabernacle weaved from the ram of Sissjowanah and the tapestries for the front entrance;
35. And the Ark of the Covenant, with its chalices and holy tray;
36. The Bread of Offering table and all its vessels and the Bread of Offering;*
37. The menorah of pure [gold] and its lamps;* and the lamps on its sides and all its vessels and the oil that provides the light;
38. The altar of gold, the oil of anointing, the fragrance of incense, and the tapestry of the tabernacle's entrance;
39. The altar of bronze, its bronze grill, its chalices and all its vessels; the horn and its handle;
40. The side panels of the courtyard, its poles, and its fasteners; the carpets of the courtyard entrance and its ropes, its spikes and all the vessels of the Tabernacle of Ages' function;
41. The vestments of ministry in which to perform the ceremonial sanctifications, the holy vestments of Aaron the high priest, and the vestments of high priesthood for his sons;
42. As the Lord commanded Moses, that is how the Children of Israel accomplished all the work.
43. Thus Moses saw all they had done, behold, they had done it all according to how the Lord had commanded Moses; then Moses gave them the blessing.

*39:7 Lit. Ar. id.: "Shoulders." *39:14 Lit. Ar. id.: or simply, "names."
*39:15 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And they made over the spread chains of adherence, the work of weaver, of pure gold."
*39:22 Lit. Ar. id.: "Pre-shrunk."
*39:23.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mouth."
*39:23.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mouth."
*39:23.3 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lips."
*39:23.4 Lit. Ar. id.: "Mouth."
*39:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "Benediction."
*39:29 NB! Reference to the Coming of Jesus, a prophetic symbol.
*39:36 Lit. Ar. id.: "Bread of Faces."
*39:37 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "Candles."

Exodus 40

1. Then the Lord said to Moses,
2. "On the first [day] of the first month, inaugurate the Tabernacle of Ages,
3. "And consecrate therein the Ark of Testimony and spread over the Ark the cover.
4. "Bring in the Bread of the Offering Table and proceed according to the list of items,* and bring in the menorah and light its lamps;
5. "Consecrate the golden Altar of Incense* before the Covenant of Testimony, and cast the tapestry over the entrance to the Tabernacle.
6. "Consecrate the Altar of Holocausts* before the entrance of the Tabernacle of Ages.
7. "Consecrate the horn within the Tabernacle of Ages for the Altar and fill it with water.*
8. "Then set the courtyard panels all around and hang the tapestry at the entrance to the courtyard.
9. "Consecrate the oil of anointing* and anoint the Tabernacle and everything in it; sanctify it together with all its vessels and it shall be sanctified.
10. "Anoint the Altar of Holocausts* and all its vessels, and sanctify the Altar, so that the Altar may become the holy of holies.
11. "Anoint the horn and its handle, and sanctify them.
12. "Bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the Tabernacle of Ages and baptize them with water.*
13. "Then dress Aaron in the vestments of sanctification and anoint him and his [vessels] of sanctification so he may perform his priestly services to me.*
14. "Bring forth his sons and attire them in their tunics,
15. "And anoint them like you anointed your brother Aaron; make them high priests, then, for me and let their high priestly anointing be to the end of the universe and for all their generations."
 
16. Thus Moses did everything that the Lord commanded him to do.
17. It was the first [day] of the first month, in the second year, on the first Sabbath, that the Tabernacle was raised.
18. Thus, Moses raised the Tabernacle; he drove down its spikes, set up its sides, fastened its posts and raised its poles.
19. Then, the cover was spread over the Tabernacle, they cast the cover of [ram] skins over it from above, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
20. He took and consecrated the Testimony into the Ark, he consecrated the rods upon the Ark and he consecrated the [Holy Sacrificial Tray over the Ark from above.
21. He brought the Ark into the Tabernacle, he placed the fašade of the entrance tapestries, and he spread them over the Ark of Testimony, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
22. He consecrated the Bread of the Offering in the Tabernacle of Ages, at the edges* of the Tabernacle on the North [side] outside the tapestries.
23. He put upon it, in order, the Bread pieces before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
24. He consecrated the menorah in the Ark of Ages opposite the Bread of the Offering at the edge* of the Ark from the South.
25. He lit its lamps before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
26. He consecrated the altar of gold in the Tabernacle of Ages, before the tapestries.
27. He wafted* the scent of incense over it, as the Lord commanded Moses.
28. He consecrated the tapestry of the entrance to the Tabernacle.
29. He consecrated the Altar of Holocausts in the entrance to the Tabernacle of Ages, and he placed upon it the Holocaust and the Supper, as the Lord commanded Moses.
30. He consecrated the horn in the middle of the Tabernacle of Ages and the altar wherein he placed* the water for washing.
31. Then Moses, Aaron and his sons washed their hands and feet with the water from it.
32. Whenever they entered the Tabernacle of Ages and approached the Altar, they would wash themselves, as the Lord commanded Moses.
33. He erected the courtyard that circled the Tabernacle and the Altar and placed* the tapestries in the entrance to the courtyard, and then Moses brought an end to all his work.*
 
34. Then, the cloud covered the Tabernacle of Ages and the Lord's Glory* filled the Tabernacle.
35. However, Moses was not able to enter the Tabernacle of Ages because the cloud cast its shadow over it and the Lord's Glory filled the Tabernacle.
36. When the cloud had lifted from the Tabernacle, the Children of Israel took up all their obligations.
37. But if the cloud did not lift, they did not lift [a thing] until the Day it did.
38. Because the Lord's cloud was over the Tabernacle by day and there was a fire in it by night; and all the House of Israel saw it throughout all their undertakings.
*40:4 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "List the list."
*40:5 Lit. Ar. id.: "Perfume."
*40:6 Lit. Ar. id.: "Causes."
*40:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Throw water with it."
*40:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "The anointing of anointedness," or "anointing of Christianity."
*40:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "Causes."
*40:12 Lit. Ar. id.: "Shower them with water."
*40:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And he high priest me," or "become my high priest."
*40:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Pitched."
*40:22 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lips."
*40:24 Lit. Ar. id.: "Hems."
*40:27 Lit. Ar. id.: "Raised."
*40:30 Lit. Ar. id.: "Cast."
*40:33.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Gave."
*40:33.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Concluded his work."
*40:34 Lit. Ar. id.: "Honor."

December 22, 2006 (posted on my website on Jan. 18th, 2007)

Translated by Victor Alexander ©2003-2007


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