Exodus

Copyrighted by Victor Alexander ©2004 (posted Feb. 20, 2004)

Exodus 13

1. And the Lord said to Moses,
2. "Consecrate for me every first-born who opens the womb from the Children of Israel, the first-born of the human and the first-born of the four-legged animal -- they are mine."
3. And Moses said to the nation, "This Day shall be commemorated when you were liberated from the land of Egypt, from the state of slavery, because it was with a sure hand that the Lord liberated you from here and, therefore, [we will observe this Day] that nothing leavened shall be eaten,
4. "On this Day that you were liberated, in this month of Spring,
5. "The Lord brought you to the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, the Jebusites and the Perrizites, as He swore to your ancestors that He would give you the land that flows with milk and honey, so you shall perform this work in this month.
6. "For seven days you shall eat the Unleavened Bread and on the seventh day you shall celebrate the feast for the Lord.
7. "You shall eat the Unleavened Bread seven days, and nothing leavened should be seen in all your districts.
8. "And you shall tell* your children on this Day that 'because of that the Lord made me do this as He liberated me from Egypt.'
9. "And this will be a sign in your hands and a sacrificial offering in your eyes, as the Law of the Lord shall be in your mouth, because with a sure hand the Lord liberated you out of Egypt,
10. "And, therefore, guard and observe this commandment and this Law in their season from time to time.
11. "And while the Lord brings* you to the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and your ancestors He shall give it to you,
12. "You shall select every male heir who opens the womb, and every first-born of the four-legged animals that is male is to be dedicated for the Lord,
13. "And every first-born male animal that opens the womb as well, shall be saved by the ram, and if you do not save it by the sacrifice of the ram, you shall kill it, and every first-born of the human being, that is of your children, shall be saved.
14. "And when your son asks you later and says to you, 'What is this?' You shall answer him, 'The Lord liberated us with a sure hand from Egypt, from the House of Slavery.
15. "'And as the Pharaoh was reluctant to send us, the Lord killed every first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of the human being to the first-born of the four-legged animals; this is why we offer in sacrifice to the Lord every first-born male that opens the womb and every first-born of our children is thus saved.*
16. "'And you should then have a sign on your hand and a sacrificial offering between your eyes, because with a sure hand the Lord liberated you from Egypt.'" 
17. And after Pharaoh sent for the nation, God did not take them by way of the Philistine lands, although that was the nearest, because God said that may it not be that the nation should see war and return to Egypt again out of fear."
18. So God led the nation by way of the wilderness, by way of the Sea of Soop, and the Israelites* went up armed from the land of Egypt."
19. And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, because he had made the Israelites swear,* saying, "God will indeed recall you;* take up my bones with you from here." 
20. And they left* Succoth and camped at Etham, which is on the edge* of the wilderness.
21. And the Lord went before them in a column of clouds to give them shelter by day and in the night in a column of fire to provide them light, so as they would be able to travel by day and by night.
22. Neither did the column of clouds cease in the day, nor did the column of fire in the night.
*13:8 Lit. Ar. id.: "Show."
*13:11 Lit. Ar. id.: "Gives you entrance to."
*13:15 Lit. Ar. id.: Or "redeemed."
*13:18 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of Israel."
*13:19.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Swearingly he had made them swear to the House of Israel."
*13:19.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Rememberingly shall God remember you."
*13:20.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Took up from."
*13:20.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lips."

Exodus 14

1. And the Lord spoke to Moses and said to him,
2. "Tell the Israelites* to turn back and camp at the delta* of Hahiroth between Migdal and the sea, before Baal-Soopun, camp opposite it on the seashore.
3. "And the Pharaoh shall say to the Children of Israel that they are floundering on the earth and that they are overwhelmed by the wilderness."
4. And the Lord said to Moses, "I shall harden Pharaoh's heart and set him off after you and I shall be praised by him and by all his forces, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord who did this."
 
5. And the angel of Egypt was dispatched regarding the departure of the people, and Pharaoh's heart and that of his servants was changed. "What have we done, relieving Israel from their servitude to us?"*
6. And he mustered his cavalry and his nation with him.
7. And he fetched six hundred of the fastest* chariots of all the Egyptians and all their riders.*
8. The Lord had hardened the heart of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and he chased after the Children of Israel, but* the Children of Israel had been liberated by a higher hand.
9. And the Egyptians chased after them and encountered them as they were camped by the seashore, all the horsemen of the Pharaoh, his chariots, his attendants and his forces camped at the delta of Hahiroth, opposite Baal-Soopun.
 
10. And the Pharaoh approached and the Israelites* raised their eyes and saw the Egyptians as they came after them, and they were truly frightened, and the Israelites went down on their knees and prayed before the Lord.
11. And they said to Moses, "Because there were no graves in Egypt that you led us out to die in the wilderness? Wherefore did you do this to us and took us out of Egypt?
12. "Was this not our point when we told you in Egypt that you should let us work for the Egyptians, because it was better for us to work for the Egyptians than to die here in the wilderness?"
13. And Moses said to the nation, "Do not fear, come together* and see the salvation of the Lord that He shall perform for you on this day, whereas the Egyptians that you see today you shall never again see them to the end of the universe.
14. "The Lord will fight on your behalf, while you shall remain at peace." And thus Moses prayed before the Lord.
15. And the Lord said to Moses, "What are you doing kneeling to pray before me? Tell the Israelites to carry on,
16. "And raise your staff and thrust your hand against the sea and divide it and let the Children of Israel enter the sea as if it is dry land.
17. "And I will make the heart of the Egyptians so they will enter after them, and I will be glorified by the Pharaoh and all his forces and his chariots and his attendants.
18. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord,* who is glorified by the Pharaoh and his forces and his chariots and his attendants."
19. And the angel of the Lord took up to go before the camp of Israel and he followed them, and he took up the column of the clouds from before them and placed it behind them.
20. And it entered between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel, and it was cloudy and dark all night, and it was night time for all the Children of Israel, and the two camps stayed away from each other all night.
 
21. And Moses raised his hand over the sea, and the Lord brought the intense drying spirit all night long and replaced the sea with dry land, and the waters cleared out.
22. And the Children of Israel entered the dry sea and the waters became like walls from their right and from their left.
23. And the Egyptians chased after them and there entered all the Pharaoh's cavalry, his charioteers and his attendants into the sea.
24. And it was in the morning watch when* the Lord appeared to the Egyptian camp through the columns of fire and clouds and He shook up the Egyptian camp.
25. And He tied up the reigns of their chariots that* they could hardly move, that* the Egyptians said, "Let us run away from the Israelites, because the Lord is using them to wage war against Egypt."*
26. And the Lord said to Moses, "Strike your hand against the waters and the water shall return over the Egyptians, over their chariots and over their elite forces."*
27. And Moses raised his hand over the sea and the sea returned to its place as in the morning beforehand, and the Egyptians ran away before it and the Lord whipped the Egyptians into the midst of the sea.
28. And the waters returned and covered the chariots and their elite forces* and all the forces of the Pharaoh who had entered after them into the sea and not one of them was ever found again.
29. And the Children of Israel went through the sea like it was dry land and the waters were for them like a fence from their right and their left.
30. And on that Day the Lord saved Israel from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians as they died at the edge of the sea.
31. And Israel saw the great hand that the Lord cast* over the Egyptians and the people feared the Lord and they believed in the Lord and his servant Moses.
*14:2.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The House of Israel."
*14.2.2 Lit. Ar. id: "Mouth."
*14:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And was shown the angel of Egypt that there went the nation and the heart of the Pharaoh turned back and of his servants over the nation and they said, what did we do that we sent Israel from enslavement."
*14:7.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Select."
*14:7.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Men."
*14:8 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*14:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of Israel."
*14:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "Tie a knot."
*14:18 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "I am I, the Lord."
*14:24 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*14:25.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*14:25.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "And."
*14:25.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Let us run from the House of Israel because the Lord made them war against Egypt."
*14:26 Lit. Ar. id.: "Attendants."
*14:28 Lit. Ar. id.: "Attendants."
*14:31 Lit. Ar. id.: "Did."

Exodus 15

1. That is when the Children of Israel sang this hymn to the Lord, saying,
Glory be to the Majestic Lord that triumphed over the horse and its rider
and threw them into the sea.
2. Capable and praiseworthy, O, Lord, who became our salvation.
This is my God, give Him praise,
the God of my father, exalt Him as the most exalted.
3. The Lord who is the champion, and the conquering Lord is His name.
4. The Pharaoh's chariots and his forces He cast into the sea,
his select giants He drowned in the Sea of Soop.
5. The abyss swallowed* them, they drowned at the bottom of the sea
and sank like a stone.*
6. Your right arm, Lord, is ready with power,
with your right arm, Lord, you broke your enemies.
7. By the magnitude of your grasp you smashed  those who stood up against you,
you sent your wrath and it consumed them like a whirlwind.
8. By your Spirit over the surface there welled the waters,
they stood like filled wineskins and seized all the pits in the heart of the sea.
9. The enemy said, "I shall chase and capture them and divide the spoils,
I shall swallow them in one breath,*
I shall break out my sword and kill them with my hand."
10. You brought* down your Spirit and the sea covered them,
they sank like a needle in a whirlpool of water.
11. Who compares to you, Lord, ever-ready in His Holiness,
feared and praised and the performer of miracles?
12. You raised your right arm and the earth swallowed them.
13. You have led through your goodness this nation that you saved,
you have led through your grasp this generation that blesses you.
14. And the nations heard and were shaken,
and the fear gripped the settlers of Philistine.
15. Then the great ones of Edom succumbed in fear,
and the men of Moab were seized with trembling,
and all the inhabitants of Canaan went to pieces.
16. Fear and shock descended upon them,
cast down by your mighty hand,* they sank like a stone,
until your people passed, O, Lord,
until this nation that you saved went across.
17. You shall bring them and plant them on the mountains of your inheritance,
a precious settlement where you shall establish your holy sanctuary,
O, Lord, it shall be made precious by your hand.
18. The Lord shall reign in kingship to the end of the universe,
of all the universes.
19. Because there entered the horsemen of the Pharaoh, his chariots and his elite into the sea and the Lord brought back the water of the sea over them, and the Children of Israel walked on the dry bed of the sea.
 
20. And Miriam, the sister of Aaron, took the tambourine in her hand and all the women went out after her with tambourines and lutes.
21. And Miriam repeated the refrain for them, singing the praises of the conquering Lord, who "triumphed over the cavalry and threw the riders off into the sea."
 
22. And Moses took the members of the House of Israel from the Sea of Soop and they went out to the Desert of Shoad, and they traveled a three-days trek and they did not find water.
23. And they came to Murat and did not find drinking water, because of the bitterness* [of the soil] -- that is why that country is called Murat.
24. And the people yelled at Moses and said, "What shall we drink?"
25. And Moses prayed on his knees before the Lord and the Lord showed him a type of wood that sweetened the water when it was immersed in it.* There He taught him the Law and the Religion* and advised him,
26. Saying, "If you truly listen* to the voice of your Lord God, and do that which is beautiful before Him and heed His commandments and observe all His covenants -- none of the plagues that befell the Egyptians shall befall you, because I am the Lord that will heal you."
 
27. And they came to Elim, and there were twelve water springs and seven palm trees there, where they encamped by the waters.
*15:5.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The pits covered them."
*15.5.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Drowned like stones."
*15:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "My soul will swallow them."
*15:10 Lit. Ar. id.: "Furnished," "provided," "laid down."
*15:16 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "By the greatness of your arm."
*15:23 Lit. Aramaic: "Murth."
*15:25.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Showed him a wood and he threw it into the waters and the waters sweetened."
*15:25.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "The judgment."
*15:26 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Listeningly listen."

Exodus 16

1. And the entire congregation* of the Children of Israel took up from Elim and came to the Desert of Sein, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth of the second month, in the season of the exodus of the Children of Israel from Egypt.
2. And the entire congregation of the Children of Israel complained to Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
3. And the Children of Israel told them, "We were better off* had we died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, while sitting over chunks of meat and eating our fill of bread, rather than you took us out to this desert to destroy the entire congregation of the Children of Israel with hunger."
4. And the Lord said to Moses, "Behold, I shall rain down bread from heaven and let the people go out and pluck and eat the food that they shall receive daily, so as I may test them to see if they are walking according to my Law or not.
5. "And on the sixth day, they shall receive what they desire, which will be twice what they usually pluck and eat daily."
6. And Moses and Aaron sent [this message] to the Children of Israel in the evening, "You know that the Lord liberated you from Egypt,
7. "And in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord, because you complained before the Lord, and as for us, who are we that you should complain to us?"
8. And Moses told them, "When the Lord gives you meat to eat in the evening and in the morning bread to eat your fill, because the Lord has heard the complaints that you complained against Him, and as for us, who are we? It was not against us that you complained but against the Lord."
9. And Moses said to Aaron, "Tell the entire congregation of the Children of Israel, 'Come before the Lord and receive the Communion, because the Lord has heard your complaints.'"
10. And as Aaron was telling the entire congregation of the Children of Israel, they turned toward the wilderness and, behold, the glory of the Lord was seen in the clouds.
11. And the Lord said to Moses,
12. "I have heard the complaints of the Children of Israel, tell them that when the sun sets you shall be eating meat and in the morning you shall be satisfied with bread, and you shall know that I am the Lord over you."
13. And in the evening there were flash floods that rose up and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.
14. And the layer of dew lifted and, behold, over the surface of the desert there was like a thin layer of ice that flaked off and covered the surface of the earth.
15. And the Children of Israel saw it, and a man said to his brother, "What is this?" Because they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, "This is the bread that the Lord has give you to eat.
16. "And this is the meaning of what the Lord commanded you, that every person should pluck and eat according to his or her need, take it in measure according to the number of heads in your household."
17. And the Children of Israel did that, and they plucked [and ate,] some more and some less.
18. And they ate of it by measure, and neither did it matter that [some ate] more, nor that [those] who ate less lost out; everyone ate* according to their capacity.
19. Moses said to them, "No one shall leave any of it till morning,"
20. But they did not listen to Moses, and some of the men saved some till the morning, and it was inundated with worms and went bad, and Moses was angry at them.
21. And so they plucked it morning by morning and what was left of it the sun melted.
22. And on the sixth day they plucked twice the amount of bread, two measures for everyone, and there came all the elders of the congregation and showed it to Moses.
23. Moses said to them, "This is what the Lord said that tomorrow is the Sabbath,* a day of rest made holy by the Lord; bake what you bake and cook whatever you have to cook and preserve cold whatever is extra till the morning."
24. And they left from it for the morning, as Moses had instructed them, and it did not go bad and there was no worm in it.
25. Moses said to them, "Eat it on this day also,* because the Sabbath is the Lord's Day, for on this Day you will not find it in the field.
26. "Pluck it then for six days and on the seventh day, on the Sabbath, it will not be there."
27. And on the seventh day some of the people went out to pluck and eat, but they did not find anything.
28. And the Lord said to Moses, "Until when are you not going to uphold my commandments and laws?"
 
29. "Look, the Lord has given you the Sabbath; that is why the Lord gave you on the sixth day two-days bread-worth, so as everyone may stay put in his home* and not go out the door of his house on the seventh day."
30. And the people rested on the seventh day.
31. And the Children of Israel called its name Manna.* And it was like the seed of the willowy herb that has turned white and its taste was like honey from a honeycomb.
32. And Moses said, "This is the teaching that the Lord commands: 'Save a full measure of it for all your centuries, so as everyone may see what bread you ate in the wilderness whence I liberated you from Egypt.'"
33. And Moses said to Aaron, "Take a sharing cup and cast into it a full measure of Manna and consecrate it before the Lord, to be revered for all your centuries,
34. As the Lord commanded me;" and Aaron consecrated it as a treasured testimony [to be saved and cherished.]
35. And the Children of Israel at Manna forty years until they came to the land where they were to settle;* they ate Manna until they came to the waters edge* by the land of Canaan.
36. And the full measure of Manna was a tenth of [what they were destined to receive later.]*
*16:1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Snyagogue."
*16:3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "We were satisfied."
*16:18 Lit. Ar. id.: "Plucked."
*16:23 Lit. Ar. id.: "Preserved."
*16:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Sit in his country."
*16:31 Lit. Aramaic: "M'nahnah."
*16:35.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The settling land."
*16:35.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Lips," recalling the name of the Sea of Soop.
*16:36 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And the measured was one of the tenth fold for the healing."

Exodus 17-20 | Exodus Index | Bible Index | E-Mail