Daniel 5

1. King Beltshazzar gave a banquet,* for thousands of his nobles, and they drank thousands of cups of wine before him.
2. And Beltshazzar, as he tasted the wine, he ordered that they bring the vessels of gold and silver that his father Nebuchadnasser brought out of the Temple of Jerusalem, so as the king may drink from them, together with his nobles, his women and courtiers.
3. Then they brought the vessels of gold that were taken out of the Temple of God in Jerusalem, and they drank from them, the king and his nobles and his women and his courtiers.
4. They drank wine and glorified the gods of gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood and stone.

5. And at that very hour, there appeared the fingers of a human hand that wrote in front of the lamp, over the plaster of the wall of the king's temple, and the king saw the profile of the hand that wrote.
6. Then the king's teeth chattered, sudden fear gripped him,* the vertebrae of his backbone weakened,* and his knees knocked against each other.
7. The king called out in a loud voice* for them to bring the seers, the Chaldeans, the Magi, and the wise men. The king replied and said to the wise men of Babylon, "Whoever* can read this writing and reveal its meaning,* shall be arrayed in purple robes, a golden medallion shall be hung on his chest, and he shall be the third in authority in the kingdom."
8. Then the wise men of the king came in, but they could not read the writing and reveal its meaning to the king.*
9. Then King Beltshazzar was very agitated and his expression changed,* and his nobles were confounded.

10. And the queen, when she heard the king and his nobles speaking,* entered the banquet hall* and they replied and said to the king, "Do not let your ideas confuse you and your countenance be perturbed.*
11. "There is a man in your kingdom, who possesses the holy Spirit of Elohim, from the Days of your father; he is highly enlightened and possesses great wisdom, as the wisdom of Elohim was found in him; and King Nebuchadnasser, your father, made him lord of the magicians, the seers, the Magi and the Chaldeans.
12. "Because he found in him the great spirit, revelation* and learning, that he was able to explain* our dreams, lift our fears and relieve our burdens* -- [this same] Daniel,* whom the king named his name* Beltshazzar, whereas Daniel he was called and the meaning he was able to reveal."*
13. Then Daniel entered before the king. The king replied and said to Daniel, "Are you the Daniel of Jewish origin,* whom my father the king brought from Judea?
14. "I have heard regarding you that the Spirit of the holy Elohim is in you; enlightenment and learning, and great wisdom is to be found in you.
15. "And there entered before me the magicians and the seers to read this writing and show me its meaning,* but they could not find the meaning* of the manifestation.
16. "And I heard about you, that you can reveal the mysteries* and untie the knots -- if you can read this writing and tell me its meaning,* you shall be arrayed in purple [robes,] and the golden medallion [of trusteeship] shall be hung on your chest and you shall be given authority over one third of the kingdom."

17. Then Daniel replied and said to the king, "Your gifts, let them be for you; and the honor of your house, give it to others; nevertheless, I shall read the writing to the king and I shall reveal its meaning.*
18. "You are the king* -- God in the Highest -- the kingdom, the greatness, the honor and praise, was given to your father Nebuchadnasser.
19. "And from the greatness that He gave him, all the nations, motherlands and tongues were shaken, and afraid before him; those he wished he killed, and those he wished he saved,* and those he wished he raised, and those he wished he lowered.*
20. "And his heart became haughty,* and his spirit uncaring;* he was taken down from the throne of his kingdom, and he lost his honor.*
21. "And he was cast out of humanity, and his heart was sustained by the creatures, and he lived among the wild asses, and they fed him vegetation like the oxen, and by the shade of the sky his body was protected, until his hair was as long as that of the eagle,* and his nails grew out like those of the birds, until he understood that God has the authority over the kingdom of man,* that He gives it to whom He pleases and that He may raise the hapless over it.*
22. "And you are Beltshazzar his son; you did not humble your heart, though you knew all of this.
23. "And you raised yourself over the Lord of Heaven, and you brought the vessels of his temple* before you; you and your nobles, your women and courtiers; you drank wine from those [vessels,] and you praised the gods of gold and silver, of bronze and iron, of wood and stone, those that do not see, hear, or are aware, these you glorified; but the God who holds in his hands your very breath* and all your paths, to him you did not glorify and you did not honor.
24. "And then before his very eyes,* the hand issued forth* and wrote the following inscription.
25. "And this is the inscription that it wrote: Menah, menah, takil o parseen.*
26. "Here is the meaning* of the manifestation: 'Menah,' God took a reckoning of your kingdom and it was ended.*
27. " 'Takel,' you were weighed in the balance and found to be lacking.*
28. " 'Prass,' your kingdom was extended and offered to the Medes and the Persians."*
29. Then King Beltshazzar ordered them to array Daniel in purple [robes,] to hang the golden medallion on his chest and to proclaim* him as the authority over a third of the kingdom.
30. In that very night the Chaldeans* killed King Beltshazzar.
31. And Darius the Mede received the kingdom at the age of twenty-six.


*5:1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Made a lot of bread for." *5:6.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His outlook became fearful."
*5:6.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Loosened."
*5:7.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Strongly."
*5:7.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Every human."
*5:7.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Show its meltdown."
*5:8 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And its meltdown to make known to the king."
*5:9 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His countenance moved apart."
*5:10.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Because of their words, the king and his great ones."
*5:10.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "House of Drinking."
*5:10.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Your [facial] corners move apart."
*5:12.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Making know-ity."
*5:12.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "The meltdown."
*5:12.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Untie our bundles."
*5:12.4 Lit. Aramaic: "Dan-Eil," or "Eil-Judges."
*5:12.5 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: "As the king nicknamed him."
*5:12.6 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Because Daniel he was called and meltdown he showed."
*5:13 Lit. Ar. id.: "From the children of Jewish captivity."
*5:15.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Meltdown."
*5:15.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Meltdown."
*5:16.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "The meltdowns you can melt down."
*5:16.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Meltdown."
*5:17 Lit. Ar. id.: "Show its meltdown."
*5:18 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "You, king."
*5:19.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Let live."
*5:19.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Softened."
*5:20.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His heart rose up."
*5:20.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His spirit thickened [too much] to penetrate [or flow.]"
*5:20.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "His honor passed from him."
*5:21.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "Until his hair grew like the eagle's."
*5:21.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "The human."
*5:21.3 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And raises weak men over it."
*5:23.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "House."
*5:23.2 Lit. Ar. id.: Or "soul."
*5:24.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "From before him."
*5:24.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "There was sent the extension of the hand."
*5:25 Lit. Ar. transliteration, the original consonants without the vowels: "Mna, mna, tkl, o prsym."
*5:26.1 Lit. Ar. id.: "Meltdown."
*5:26.2 Lit. Ar. transliteration: "Men-heh, Aa-la-ha l'mal-choo-tukh o-ish-til-mat."
*5:27 Lit. Ar. transliteration: "Ta-keel aat b'ma-sa-ta o-ish-ti-khit kha-«yr."
*5:28 Lit. Ar. transliteration: "Pree-sah hai mal-choo-tukh o-yah-wa l'Maddai o-l'Parss."
*5:29 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Preach over him."
*5:30 Reference to the Chaldean priesthood, not the tribe.

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