Daniel 1

1. In the third year of Jehoiakim, king of Judea, there came Nebuchadnessar, king of Babylon, to Jerusalem and surrounded it.
2. And the Lord surrendered the city into his hands, and also Jehoiakim, the king of Judea, and the vessels of the House of the Lord -- Nebuchadnessar took them to the land of Sinnar, to the House of Idols, and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of the idols.
3. And the king said to Ishpaz, Chief of the Faithful, to bring him from the Children of Israel -- from the offspring of the kings and from the commoners of the vassal states --
4. Children without blemish, those who are handsome in appearance, who are schooled in wisdom, who understand knowledge,* and can apply it,* those who have the vision to stand in the king's temple as his ministers, so as they may be taught the Scripture and the Chaldean language.
5. And the king put them on a daily routine,* to eat the food from his kitchen and drink the wine that he drank; to nurture them for three years, and then to stand them before the king.
6. And there were among them from the Children of Judah: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah.
7. And the Chief of the Faithful nicknamed* them with new names; he called Daniel Beltshazar, Hananiah Shadrach, Mishael Meshach and Azariah Abednego.
8. However, Daniel decided in his heart not to eat of the food from the king's kitchen,* nor drink of the wine that he drank, and he begged the Chief of the Faithful not to make him do it.*
9. And God granted Daniel grace and mercy before the Chief of the Faithful.
10. And the Chief of the Faithful said to Daniel, "I am afraid from my Lord, the king, who gave the instructions regarding your food and drink, lest he sees your faces are more haggard than the children your own age and the king should chop off my head."
11. And Daniel said to Menessar, whom the Chief of the Faithful put in charge of Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah,
12. "Put your servants to the test for ten days; give us only vegetables* to eat and water to drink.
13. "And you shall see our complexion and the complexion of the boys that eat from the king's kitchen, then deal with us, your servants, as you see fit."*
14. And he heeded their manifestation and tested them for ten days.
15. And after ten days he noticed that their faces were more beautiful and their body* more plumb than all the boys who ate from the king's kitchen.
16. And Menessar appropriated* what they did not eat and drink and in place of it he gave them vegetables to eat and water to drink.
17. And to these boys, all four of them, God gave wisdom, and learning in all Scriptures,* and understanding, and Daniel could reveal* every vision and dream.
18. And after the days [of this period] had come to an end -- that had been decreed by the king -- the Chief of the Faithful brought them before Nebuchadnessar, the king.
19. And the king spoke with all of them, but could not find anyone like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, and so they stood before the king.*
20. And whatever words of wisdom and learning that the king asked them, he found them to be ten times more incisive* than all the magicians and seers that were in his kingdom.
21. And Daniel remained there until the first year of king Cyrus.

*1:4.1 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Know knowing."
*1:4.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Who demonstrate with discernment."
*1:5 Lit. Ar. idiomatic expression: "Raised them the raising of the Day."
*1:7 Lit. Ar. idiomatic figure of speech: "Named them ... names."
*1:8.2 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And consecrated Daniel in his decision not to eat from the king's kitchen."
*1:8.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Force feed him."
*1:12 Lit. Ar. poetic usage: "Small seedlings."
*1:13 Lit. Ar. idiomatic construction: "And as you see do like that with your servants."
*1:15 Lit. Ar. id.: "Flesh."
*1:15 Lit. Ar. id.: "Planted."
*1:17.1 A clear indication that the Scriptures were already recorded. The origins of the Scriptures begin with Mesopotamia, continue to Egypt and conclude in Judea -- all in anticipation of the Coming of Eashoa the Messiah.
*1:17.2 Lit. Ar. id.: "Discern."
*1:19 Lit. Ar. idiom retained: They were accepted as the king's courtiers.
*1:20 Lit. Ar. id.: "Pinpointing."

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