Gospel of John chapter 20

Reading and Commentary by Vic Alexander

From the Ancient Aramaic Scriptures


Youkhanna

John 20

1. But on Sunday, there came Mary Magdalene at dawn, while it was still dark, to the burial place*. 2. And she ran and came to Simon the Rock and to that disciple to whom Eashoa was merciful, and she said to them that, “They have taken our Maryah from that burial place. And I do not know where they have re-buried* him.” 3. And Simon took off* and [with him] the other disciple, and they came to the grave site*. 4. And they both ran as one*, but that [other] disciple ran ahead of Simon and arrived first at the grave site; 5. And he scrutinized (that) the cotton [strips, as] they had been carefully folded*, but as for touching* [them,] he did not. 6. But as Simon came after him and [immediately] entered* the burial chamber*, (and) he [also] saw the cotton [strips] as they were [all] arranged*. 7. And the linen*, that was [tightly] bound over his head, was not with the cotton [strips,] except that it was wrapped and placed* aside in one place.* 8. Then the [other] disciple who came first to the burial site, also went in [to see for himself,]* and seeing he believed. 9. For they did not yet know from Scriptures that it was predestined that he would rise from the dead. 10. And those disciples went [back] again to their place. 

11. But Mary stood by the tomb crying, and as she cried she stared* at the tomb. 12. And she saw two angels [dressed] in white [robes] sitting, one at his head and one at his feet., where the body of Eashoa was consecrated*. 13. And they said to her, “Woman, why are you crying?” She told them, “They have taken my Maryah and I do not know where they have buried* him.” 14. This she said and withdrew back and she saw Eashoa risen*, and she did not know it was Eashoa. 15. Eashoa said to her, “Woman, why are you crying? And whom do you want?” But she thought* that it was the gardener. And she said to him, “(My) Master, if you have taken him, tell me where you have laid* him so I can go [and] find* him.” 16. Eashoa told her, “Mary.” And she pulled* back and said to him in Hebrew, “R'buli,” that is saying “Teacher.” 17. Eashoa said to her, “Do not come near me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brothers and tell them, I am ascending to my Father and your Father, and to my Allaha and your Allaha.” 18. Then Mary Magdalene came and [brought] hope* to the disciples that she had [indeed] seen the* Maryah and [of] the things that he had told her.

19. But as it was Sunday evening,* and the door was shut* down where the disciples used to be, from fear* of the Judeans, Eashoa came [and] stood between them and said to them, “Peace be with you!” 20. He said this and he showed them his hands and his chest and the disciples were overjoyed to see the Maryah. 21. Then he said to them again, “Peace be with you! Just as* my Father sent me, I also send you.” 22. And as he said this, he blew at them and told them, “Receive the Holy Spirit! 23. “If you forgive somebody their sins, you will have truly forgiven them; and if you receive forgiveness from somebody, you will have truly received it.”*

24. But Thomas, one of the Twelve, who was called The Twin, was not with them as Eashoa came. 25. And the disciples said to him, “We have seen our Maryah.” But [Thomas] told them, “If I do not see the scars* in his hands, and lay* my fingers on him and place* my hand on his side, I will not believe it.” 26. And after eight days the disciples were inside and Thomas [was] with them. And Eashoa came while they had [all] the doors shut, [and] he stood in the balance* and he said to them, “Peace be with you.” 27. And he said to Thomas, “Come here [with] your finger and see my hands and take* your hand and press* it into my side, and be not an unbeliever, but a believer.” 28. And Thomas replied and said to him, “My Maryah and my Allaha!” 29. Eashoa said to him, “Now that you have seen me, you believe? Blessed are they that do not see me and believe.” 

30. But there are many [more] miracles that Eashoa performed before his disciples, which are not written of in this Book. 31. But these that are written, [are] so that you believe that Eashoa was that Messiah the Son of Allaha, and whoever believes shall receive* through Him Life to [the end of] the universe.

Footnotes: 20:1 “House of burial.” -- 20:2 “Consecrated.” -- 20:3. 1 “Emerged.” -- 20:3. 2 “House of the tomb.” -- 20:4 Figure of speech retained. “Together.” -- 20:5. 1 “Consecrated.” -- 20:5. 2 “Handling.” -- 20:6. 1 “Handled,” or took control. -- 20:6. 2 “House of the tomb.” -- 20:6. 3 “Consecrated.” -- 20:7. 1 “Shirt.” -- 20:7. 2 “Consecrated.” -- 20:7. 3 Aramaic expression retained. “By itself.” -- 20:8 “Handled.” -- 20:11 “[Noticed] in detail.” -- 20:12 Aramaic retained. -- 20:13 “Consecrated.” -- 20:14 Figure of speech: “Of standing.” -- 20:15. 1 “Expected.” -- 20:15. 2 “Consecrated.” -- 20:15. 3 “Take.” -- 20:16 “Withdrew.” -- 20:18. 1 “Expectation.” -- 20:18. 2 “Our.” -- 20:19. 1 “But as it was evening of the day which was of that Sunday.” -- 20:19. 2 “Locked in fear.” -- 20:19. 3 “Oppression.” -- 20:21 “Whereas.” -- 20:23 “If you leave sins to man, you leave them him; and if you take [them] of man, you have taken them.” -- 20:25. 1 Lit Aramaic: “Places of scars.” -- 20:25. 2 Lit Aramaic: “Throw.” -- 20:25. 3 Lit Aramaic: “Extend.” -- 20:26 Lit Aramaic of speech retained. “In-between them,” or: as one of them. -- 20:27. 1 Lit Aramaic: “Come.” -- 20:27. 2 Lit Aramaic: “Extend.” -- 20:31. 1 Lit Aramaic: “Have.” -- 20:31. 2 Lit Aramaic expression retained. “...everlasting Life.”

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