Gospel of John chapter 19

Reading and Commentary by Vic Alexander

From the Ancient Aramaic Scriptures


Youkhanna

John 19

1. Then Pilate had Eashoa flogged. 2. And the soldiers wove a wreath of thorns and crowned him with it,* and covered him in purple attire*. 3. And they said, “Peace be [unto] you, O King of the Jews!” And they slapped his face*. 4. And Pilate emerged outside again and told them, “Here I am throwing* him out to you, so that you may understand that I did not find even one fault with him.*” 5. And Eashoa emerged outside [with] the wreath of thorns and purple [garments.] And Pilate told them, “Behold the Man!” 6. But as the high priests and the emissaries saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Then you go and nail him [to the cross,] for I could not find fault* with him.” 7. The Judeans told him, “[But] we have our Law,* and according to our Law he desired* death [when*] he made himself the Son of Allaha.” 8. Bus as Pilate heard of this manifestation, his soul collapsed.* 9. And he took* Eashoa into the praetorium again and said to him, “Where are you from?” But Eashoa did not respond to him. 10. Pilate said to him, “[So] you will not talk to me? Do you not know that I have the authority to release you and the authority to nail you [to the cross]?” 11. Eashoa told him, “You never had authority over me even once, if it were not given to you from above. Because of it the one who delivered* me into [your hands] is a far greater sinner than you.*” 12. And because of this Pilate* desired to release him. But the Judeans cried out that, “If you release this one, you are not related* to Caesar. For whoever makes himself king, is rejecting Caesar.*” 13. As Pilate heard of this manifestation, he took* Eashoa out. And [Pilate] sat on the podium, at the place called the Stone* Pavement*; in Hebrew, it is called the “Little Enclosure.” 14. And it was the Friday of the Passover, and it was about the sixth hour, and [Pilate] said to the Judeans, “Here he is, your King!”* 15. But [the Jews] were crying out, “Remove* him, remove him, crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate told them, “Nail your King [to the cross]?” The high priests told him, “We have no king except for Caesar!” 16. Thus he delivered him to them to be nailed [to the cross.] And they seized* Eashoa and took* him out[,] 17. As he took up his cross to the place that is called “The Skull,” but in the Hebrew [dialect] which is called, “The Arena of Truth-through-torture,”* 18. Where they nailed him [to the cross,] and with him two others, one on this side and one on the other, and with Eashoa in the middle*. 19. And even the tablet was written by Pilate and placed on the cross. But it was written thus, “Here [is] Eashoa Nussraya*, King of the Jews.” 20. And this page many of the Jews did read, since the place where Eashoa was nailed [to the cross] was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin.* 21. And the high priests said to Pilate, “Do not write that he was King of the Jews, except that he said that he was King of the Jews.” 22. Pilate said, “I wrote what I wrote!”* 23. But the soldiers that nailed Eashoa [to the cross,] took his new garments* and divided* them [between] the four of them. One* to each of the soldiers. But his robe*, which was not sown together, was woven from above entirely.* 24. And they said one to the other*, “[Let us] not divide it, except [let us] cast lots for it, [to see] whose lot it will be. And the Scripture was fulfilled that said, "They divided my [new] garments between themselves, And over my robe*, they cast lots.” 

This the soldiers did. 25. But standing by the cross of Eashoa were his mother, and his mother's sister, and Mary [the wife] of Cleopas and Mary Magdalene. 26. But when Eashoa saw his mother and the disciple to whom he was merciful in the past, (and) he said to his mother, “Woman, behold your Son!” 27. And he said to that disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that moment* that disciple took* her [away to be] with him. 28. After these [things] Eashoa knew that everything became fulfilled*, and [so] that the Scripture may be concluded*, he said, “I am thirsty.” 29. And the plate was set that was full of vinegar. Then they soaked* a sponge in* vinegar and set it on a hyssop and brought it near to his lips. 

30. But as Eashoa took the vinegar, he said, “Behold, it is fulfilled*.” He bowed his head and commended his Spirit. 31. The Judeans, since it was Friday, said, “Do not leave these bodies on their crosses, because of the coming of Sabbath. For it was a great day that Sabbath day. And they wanted from Pilate that these crucified [bodies have] their legs broken and [that] they be taken down. 32. And the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first one and the second one that were crucified with [Eashoa.] 33. And as they came to Eashoa, they saw that he was dead a long time ago and they did not break his legs. 34. Except one of the soldiers pierced* him in the side with a lance and [there] emerged blood and water together*. 35. And whoever saw [it,] testified and their testimony is true and they know that they tell the truth, so that you may also believe. 36. These [things] happened so that the Scripture may be fulfilled* that said, that, “Not one of his bones shall be broken.”* 

37. And also* another Scripture that said, “Look who they picked on!”* 

38. After [all] these [things took place,] Joseph, the one* from Arimathea, requested from Pilate, since [Joseph] was a disciple of Eashoa, (he hid that fact from the Judeans), to take [down] the body of Eashoa, and Pilate divested himself [of it] and [so Joseph] came [over] and took the body of Eashoa. 39. And there also came Nicodemus, the one* who had come before* to Eashoa during the night, and he brought with him a mixture of myrrh and aloes, as much as one hundred liter. 40. And they took the body of Eashoa, and wrapped him in cotton [strips] and in incenses, according to Jewish burial custom.* 41. But there was in that place, where Eashoa was crucified, a garden, and in that garden, a new burial chamber*, wherein no one* had been yet placed*. 42. And there they performed the burial ceremony for Eashoa,* because the Sabbath was fast approaching*, and because the tomb was near by. 

Footnotes: 19:2. 1 “Set it on his head.” -- 19:2. 2 “Fineries.” -- 19:3 “Faces,” or both sides of the face. -- 19:4. 1 “Emerging [him.]” -- 19:4. 2 “...one cause after him.” -- 19:6 “Cause.” -- 19:7. 1 “To us the Law we have.” -- 19:7. 2 “Loved,” or: he asked for it. -- 19:7. 3 “That.” -- 19:8 Literal expression: “[He] physically [and permanently] succumbed.” -- 19:9 “Handled and went.” -- 19:11. 1 “Betrayed.” -- 19:11. 2 “Because of this he who betrayed me to you, greater [then is] his sin [than] yours.” -- 19:12. 1 “Was satisfied.” -- 19:12. 2 “Relative.” -- 19:12. 3 “Rejected he to Caesar.” -- 19:13. 1 “Produced.” -- 19:13. 2 “Stones.” -- 19:13. 3 Literal Modern usage retained. In original Aramaic usage: “Lip.” -- 19:14 “Behold, your King!” -- 19:15 “Take him [away]!” Or: away with him! -- 19:16. 1 “Handled.” -- 19:16. 2 “Produced.” -- 19:17 “Ga-ghulta,” or “Reveal-through-torture,” the precursor of the torture chamber or area. -- 19:18 Aramaic retained. “In-between.” -- 19:19 “The Victorious.” -- 19:20 “...in Hebrew and in Greek and in Roman.” -- 19:22 Literal expression: “The thing that I have written, I have written.” -- 19:23. 1 “Fineries.” -- 19:23. 2 “Made.” -- 19:23. 3 “From each.” -- 19:23. 4 Traditional outer garment, a cloak, usually more intricately woven than the Greek and Roman garb. -- 19:23. 5 Aramaic construction retained. -- 19:24. 1 “To one.” -- 19:24. 2 “Attire.” -- 19:27. 1 “Hour.” -- 19:27. 2 “Arranged out.” -- 19:28. 1 “Adhered to.” -- 19:28. 2 “Be finished.” -- 19:29. 1 “Filled.” -- 19:29. 2 “From.” -- 19:30 “Adhered to.” -- 19:34. 1 “Struck.” -- 19:34. 2 “As one.” -- 19:36. 1 “Finished.” -- 19:36. 2 “No bone shall be broken in him.” -- 19:37. 1 “Again.” -- 19:37. 2 Literal expression: “Look to whom they touched!” -- 19:38 “Who was.” -- 19:39. 1 “He.” -- 19:39. 2 “From old.” -- 19:40 “As there [exists] the feast-tradition to the Jews that they [utilize] to bury.” -- 19:41. 1 “House of burial.” -- 19:41. 2 “Human.” -- 19:41. 3 “Consecrated.” -- 19:42. 1 “Consecrated him there to Eashoa.” -- 19:42. 2 “Preparation was happening.”

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