Gospel of John chapter 10

Reading and Commentary by Vic Alexander

From the Ancient Aramaic Scriptures


Youkhanna

John 10

1. “Amen, amen, I am telling you, whoever does not enter through the door to the sheepfold, except climbs in from another place, he is a thief and a plunderer. 2. “He who enters through the door is the shepherd of the flocks. 3. “And to him the gatekeeper opens the door, and the flocks listen to his voice and his sheep he calls by their names and takes them out. 4. “And the flocks which he takes out, he walks before them, and his sheep follow him, for they know his voice. 5. “The flocks do not follow strangers, except they [would] run away from them, as they do not know the voice of the strangers.” 6. That was what* Eashoa told them, but they did not know what he was talking about*. 7. So Eashoa told them again, “Amen, amen, I am telling you, that I am the door to the flocks. 8. “And all of them, these who came, are thieves and plunderers. Except the flocks did not hear them. 9. “I am the door, and if a person* enters through me, they shall Live and they shall pass* and exit and find the shepherd. 10. “The thief comes not except to steal and kill and destroy*. 11. “I am the good shepherd, and the good shepherd consecrates himself in place of his flocks. 12. “For the hired [hand] cannot become a shepherd, and the sheep are not his [sheep.] When he sees the wolf coming, he leaves the flocks and runs away, and the wolf comes, strikes* and scatters the flocks. 13. “The hired [hand] thus runs off, since he was hired and he does not [really] care about the flocks. 14. “[But] I am the good shepherd, and I know my own, and my own know me. 15. “Just as my Father knows me and I know my Father, and I consecrate myself in place of the flocks. 16. “And I have also [some] other sheep, those who were not from this sheepfold; they too, it is my duty to bring them, [so they] hear my voice and [so] that all the flocks should be united* and [be with] one shepherd. 17. “Because of this my Father has been merciful to me, so that I may [indeed] consecrate myself and be restored again.* 18. “Nobody* took it* away from me, except it was I who consecrated it out of my own willingness*. For it was nobody else but me that consecrated it, and nobody else but me who shall restore it again; [for] this is the commandment I received from my Father.” 

19. And there was again division among the Jews because of these words. 20. And many of them said that, “He is possessed* and [carries on like] a lunatic*. Why do you listen to him?” 21. There were others who said, “These are not the words of a lunatic. Why, can a demon open the eyes of the blind!” 

22. There came the feast of Dedication* in Jerusalem, and it was winter. 23. And Eashoa walked in Solomon's portico. 24. And the Jews went around and said to him, “When will you come and instill [peace] among us?* If you are the Anointed One, tell us openly*.” 25. Eashoa replied and told them, “ I told you, but* you did not believe. And the works that I did in the name of my Father, these testify on my behalf. 26. “But you, you do not believe, since you are not of my sheep, so that I may tell you. 27. “My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28. “And I give them Life to [the end of] the universe, and they shall never go to eternal* oblivion, and no one* can wrest* them from my hands. 29. “For the Father who gave [them] to me is Omnipotent*, and no one* can wrest [anything] from my Father's hand. 30. “My Father and I are One.” 31. Again the Jews took up stones to stone him. 32. Eashoa told them, “I have showed you many beautiful works from my Father. Because of these works you want to stone me?” 33. The Jews said to him, “Not because of beautiful works we [want to] stone you, except for your blaspheming and as we know you [to be only] human. [Yet] you make yourself out to be Allaha!” 34. Eashoa told them, “Was it not thus written in your Law, 'That though I say you are gods'? 35. “If Allaha said thus of them, for [indeed] Allaha's manifestation was among them, and no Scripture can defy that. 36. “The one whom the Father consecrates and sends to the world* you tell that, 'You are blaspheming'! [When*] I told you that I am the Son of Allaha! 37. “And if I did not do the works of my Father, you did not have to believe me. 38. “But if I do these, even if you do not believe in me, [then] believe in the works, so that you may know and believe that my Father [abides] in me and I in my Father.” 

39. And they wanted to stone him again, and he escaped* from them*, 40. And he went to the Jordan [river] crossing, to the place where John [the Baptist] had been before*, where he used to baptize, and he remained there. 41. And a great many people came to him and said, “John did not even do one miracle. [Yet] everything John said about this man was the truth.” And a great many believed in [Eashoa.] 

Footnotes: 10:6. 1 “The manifestation,” or concept. -- 10:6. 2 “Telling them.” -- 10:9. 1 “The human [being.]” -- 10. 9. 2 “Enter.” -- 10:10 “[Send] to oblivion.” -- 10:12 “Plucks.” -- 10:16 “Become one.” -- 10:17 “...that [it may] be restored again.” -- 10:18. 1 “It was not a human [being.]” -- 10:18. 2 Aramaic grammar: The “it” refers to “myself” of the previous verse. -- 10:18. 3 “Satisfaction.” -- 10:20. 1 “Has a demon.” -- 10:20. 2 Figure of speech: "Honing his teeth," or “Goes on and on.” -- 10:22 “Renewal.” (Hanukkah.) -- 10:24. 1 “Until when [before] you come and satisfy our beings?” -- 10:24. 2 “Revealingly.” -- 10:25 “And.” -- 10:28. 1 “To the end of the universe.” -- 10:28. 2 “Human [being.]” -- 10:28. 3 “Pluck.” -- 10:29. 1 “From all greater He is.” -- 10:29. 2 “Human [being.]” -- 10:36. 1 “The universe,” or “[All] the people.” -- 10:36. 2 “Over.” -- 10:39. 1 “Emerged.” -- 10:39. 2 “Between them.” -- 10:40 “Of old.”

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